(From: ROMANS #12 - 9:14-29)
B. 9:14-29 SOVEREIGNTY OF GOD STATED AND JUSTIFIED
1. 9:14-18 GOD’S SOVEREIGNTY IN SALVATION
a. 9:14a What shall we say therefore? Ti oun eROUmen?
b. 9:14b Is there unrighteousness with :God? mea-diKIa  paRA toTheO?
c. 9:14c Be it not so. meGEnoi-to.
d. 9:15 GOD’S SOVEREIGNTY
toMo-uSEI gar LEgei, E-leEso hon an e-leO,
For he says to :Moses, I will have mercy on whom I have mercy,
kai oik-teiREso hon an oikTEIro.
and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.
e. 9:16 So then it is :not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that has mercy.
Ara oun ou tou THElon-tos , ouDE tou TREchon-tos, alLA tou e-leONtos TheOU.
f. 9:17 GOD’S SOVEREIGN PURPOSES IN PHARAOH
LEgei gar hegraPHE toPha-raO[HOti], Eis auTO TOUto eXEgeiRA  se,
For the scripture says to :Pharaoh [that], For this very thingdid I raise you up,
HOpos enDEIxo-mai  en soi ten DUnaMIN  mou,
that I might show in you my :power,
kai HOpos di-ag-geLE to OnoMA  mou en PAsetege.
and that my :name be published abroad in all the earth.
g. 9:18 So then he has mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardens.
Ara oun hon THElei  e-leEI , hon de THElei skleRUnei .
2. 9:19-29 GOD’S DEALINGS VINDICATED
a. 9:19a You will say then to me, Why blames he still? E-REIS moi oun, Ti Eti MEMphe-tai ?
b. 9:19b For who withstands his :purpose?
togar bouLEma-ti  auTOU tis anTHESte-ken ?
c. 9:20a Nay but, O man, who are you that replies against :God?
oANthro-pe meNOUNge, su tis ei ho an-ta-po-kriNOme-nos  toTheO?
d. 9:20b Shall the thingformed say to him that formed it,Why did you make me thus?
meeREI to PLASma  toPLAsan-ti , Ti me ePOIe-sas  HOUtos?
e. 9:21 THE REASONABLE RIGHT OF THE POTTER
eouk Echei e-xouSIan  ho ke-raMEUS  tou peLOU ,
Or has not the potter authority over the clay,
ek tou auTOU phuRAma-tos  poiEsai ho men eis tiMEN  SKEUos , ho de eis a-tiMIan ?
from the same lump to make one parta vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?
f. 9:22-24 GOD’S RIGHT: TO CONTRAST HIS MERCY OVER AGAINST HIS WRATH
ei de THElon, ho TheOS, enDEIxas-thai  ten orGEN ,
What if :God, willing to show :wrath,
kai gnoRIsai to du-naTON auTOU, Eneg-ken  en polLE
and to make his :power known, bore with much
ma-kro-thuMIa  SKEUe orGES ka-ter-tisMEna  eis aPOlei-an :
long-suffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction:
HIna gnoRIse[1107 ton PLOUton  tes DOxes  auTOU
23 that he might make known the riches of his :glory
ePI SKEUeeLEous, ha pro-eTOIma-sen  eis DOxan,
upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,
hous kai eKAle-sen, heMAS, ou MOnon ex I-ouDAIon, alLA kai ex ethNON?
24us, whom he also called, not from Jews only, but also from thenations?
g. 9:25-26 GOD’S FAVOR UPON GENTILES: FORETOLD BY HOSEA
hos kai en toOseE LEgei, KaLEsoton ou laON  mou, laON mou;
As he says also in :Hosea, I will call the onenot my people, my people;
kai ten ouk e-ga-peMEnen , e-ga-peMEnen,
And the onenot beloved, beloved,
kai EStai, en toTOpo hou erREtheauTOIS,
26 And it shall be, thatin the place where it was said to them,
Ou laOS mou huMEIS, Ekei kleTHEson-tai huiOI  TheOU ZONtos.
You arenot my people, There shall they be called sons of theliving God.
h. 9:27-28 SALVATION FOR A REMNANT OF JEWS: FORETOLD BY ISAIAH
E-SAIas de KRAzei  huPER tou Is-raEL,
And Isaiah cries concerning :Israel,
E-AN heho a-rithMOS  ton huiON Is-raEL hos heAMmos  tes thaLASses ,
If the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea,
to huPOlim-ma  soTHEse-tai :
the remnant shall be saved:
LOgon gar sun-teLON  kai sunTEMnon , poiEsei KUri-os ePI tes ges.
28 For the Lord will execute hisword upon the earth, finishing and cutting itshort.
i. 9:29 IT IS THE LORD WHO RETAINS A REMNANT FOR ISRAEL
kai, kaTHOS proEIre-ken  E-SAIas,
And, as Isaiah has said before,
Ei meKUri-os Sa-baOTH eg-kaTEli-pen  heMIN SPERma ,
Except theLord of Sabaoth had left us a seed,
hos SOdo-ma an e-geNEthe-men , kai hos GOmor-ra an ho-moiOthe-men .
We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.
NOTE: The above is one of the great sections of the Bible. The apostle Paul by the Holy Spirit enables us to enter into the very mind of God – as it relates to His thinking concerning His wisdom in the salvation of Israel and the Gentiles.
I suppose that this passage in the context of Romans 9-11, is one of the most misunderstood of any section of the Bible. Mankind generally resents God’s right in His Sovereignty to speak concerning this subject. Oswald Chambers is one of God’s clear expositors here. He hits on it sporadically in the selections from his writings that his wife Biddy made in “My Utmost for His Highest” – but his books on God’s Redemption brings it out yet more clearly.
Until we not only see the tremendous significance of “The Finished Work of Christ” at Calvary - but move forward in full understanding and action on the basis of this revelation - we will not yet have fulfilled the heart desire of God in bringing many sons into Glory!
For myself – I suppose it will not be till I get to heaven – and receive my resurrection body at Christ’s Second Coming – that I will fully understand it.
I have gone over this passage and these 3 chapters again and again – even in this Interlinear Greek New Testament format which I am putting together for God and Ivan Panin – and still I feel that I am but a beginner in the understanding I would like to have.
I sing to Jesus every morning of His marvelous salvation. I sing over the Scriptures until I am lifted out of myself by the Spirit – and still I feel I fall short of the understanding of these revealed truths.
So let us join together in prayer and believing for one another, that we may be corporately lifted into God’s wisdom and understanding in these matters. J.A.W.