(From: ROMANS #13 - 10:1-21)
D. 10:1-11:12 ISRAEL’S REJECTION OF JESUS: OPENED DOOR TO GENTILES
1. 10:1-15 MOSES’ DECLARATION: JUSTIFICATION IS BY FAITH
a. 10:1 SALVATION FOR JEWS: PAUL’S HEART-DESIRE
A-delPHOI, he men eu-doKIa  tes eMES karDIas kai heDEesis 
Brothers, the desire of my :heart and :supplication
pros ton TheON huPER auTON eis so-teRIan .
unto :God is for their salvation.
b. 10:2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.
mar-tuRO gar auTOIS HOti ZElon  TheOU Echou-sin, all’ ou kat’ ePIGno-sin .
c. 10:3 MAN’S RIGHTEOUSNESS DISPLACED GOD’S RIGHTEOUSNESS
ag-noOUNtes  gar ten tou TheOU di-kai-oSUnen, kai ten iDIan zeTOUNtes STEsai ,
For being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish theirown,
tedi-kai-oSUnetou TheOU ouch hu-peTAge-san .
they did not submit to the righteousness of :God.
d. 10:4 For Christ is theend of law unto righteousness to every one that believes.
TElos  gar NOmou ChrisTOS eis di-kai-oSUnev panTI topisTEUon-ti.
e. 10:5 MOSAIC LAW: ONE WAY OF RIGHTEOUSNESS – IF IT CAN BE KEPT!
Mo-uSES gar GRAphei HOti ten di-kai-oSUnen ten ek NOmou
For Moses writes that the man that does the righteousness
ho poiEsas ANthro-pos ZEse-tai  en auTE.
which isof law shall live thereby.
f. 10:6-7 THE MESSAGE OF FAITH CONCERNING THE WAY OF RIGHTEOUSNESS
hede ek PISte-os  di-kai-oSUneHOUtos LEgei,
But the righteousness which isfrom faith says thus,
MeEIpes en tekarDIa sou, Tis a-naBEse-tai  eis ton ou-raNON ?
Say not in your :heart, Who shall ascend into the heaven?
(tout’ EStin, ChrisTON ka-ta-gaGEIN :) e, Tis ka-taBEse-tai  eis ten Abus-son ?
(that is, to bring Christ down:) 7or, Who shall descend into the abyss?
(tout’ EStin, ChrisTON ek nekRON  a-na-gaGEIN .)
(that is, to bring Christ up from thedead.)
g. 10:8a But what does it say? alLA ti LEgei?
h. 10:8b-10 CONFESSION OF A “LIVING WORD”: THE WAY OF SALVATION
EgGUS sou to HRE-MA  es-tin, en toSTOmaTI  sou, kai en tekarDIa sou:
The word is nigh you, in your :mouth, and in your :heart:
tout’ EStin, to HREma tes PISte-os, ho keRUSso-men :
that is, the word of the faith, which we preach:
HOti eAN ho-mo-loGEses  to HREma en toSTOmaTI sou
9because if you shall confess the word with your :mouth
HOti KUri-os I-eSOUS, kai pisTEUses en tekarDIa sou
that Jesus isLord, and shall believe in your :heart
HOti ho TheOS auTON Egei-ren  ek nekRON, soTHEse:
that :God raised him from the dead, you shall be saved:
karDIa gar pisTEUe-tai eis di-kai-oSUnen;
10 for with theheart one believes unto righteousness;
STOma-ti de ho-mo-loGEItai  eis so-teRIan .
and with the mouth one confesses unto salvation.
i. 10:11 For the scripture says, Whoever believes on him shall not be put to shame.
LEgei gar hegraPHE, Pas ho pisTEUon ep’ auTOou ka-tai-schunTHEse-tai .
j. 10:12-13 BOTH JEW AND GENTILE COME THIS SAME WAY
ou gar es-tin di-a-stoLE I-ouDAIou te kai HELle-nos: Ho gar auTOS KUri-os PANton,
For thereis no distinction between Jew and Greek: for he is the same Lord of all,
plouTON  eis PANtas tous e-pi-ka-louMEnous  auTON:
rich unto all that call upon him:
Pas gar, hos an e-pi-kaLEse-tai to Ono-ma Ku-RIou soTHEse-tai.
13 for, Whoever shall call upon the name of theLord shall be saved.
k. 10:14-15 THE PREACHER STARTS THIS CHAIN REACTION
Pos oun e-pi-kaLEson-tai  eis hon ouk ePISteu-san?
How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed?
pos de pisTEUso-sin hou ouk Ekou-san ?
and how shall they believe whom they have not heard?
pos de aKOUso-sin choRIS keRUSson-tos ?
and how shall they hear without a preacher?
pos de keRUxo-sin, eAN mea-po-staLOsin ? kaTHAper GEgrap-tai,
15and how shall they preach, except they be sent? even as it is written,
Hos hoRAIoi  hoi POdes ton eu-ag-ge-li-zoMEnon  a-gaTHA!
How beautiful the feet of them that bring a gospel of good things!
2. 10:16-21 GOD’S STRATEGY
a. 10:16a But they did not all listen to the gospel.
All’ ou PANtes huPEkou-san  toeu-ag-geLIo.
b. 10:16b For Isaiah says, Lord, who has believed our :report?
E-SAIas gar LEgei, KUri-e, tis ePISteu-sen tea-koE heMON?
c. 10:17 The faith therefore isby hearing, and :hearing by Christ’s word.
ara hePIStis ex a-koES, hede a-koEdiA HREma-tos  ChrisTOU.
d. 10:18a But I say, did they not hear? alLA LEgo, meouk Ekou-san?
e. 10:18b ISRAEL DID RECEIVE THE GOOD NEWS
meNOUNge, Eis PAsan ten gen eXELthen ho PHTHOGgos  auTON,
Yes, verily, Their :sound went out into all the earth,
kai eis ta PEra-ta tes oi-kouMEnes  ta HREma-ta auTON.
And their :words unto the ends of the inhabited earth.
f. 10:19a But I say, did Israel not know? alLA LEgo, me Is-raEL ouk EGno?
g. 10:19b SALVATION OF GENTILES: DESIGNED TO AWAKEN JEWS
PROtos Mo-uSES LEgei, E-GOpa-ra-zeLOso huMAS ep’ ouk ETHnei,
First Moses says, I will provoke you to jealousy with what is no nation,
ep’ ETHnei a-suNEto pa-ror-giO huMAS.
With a nation void of understanding will I enrage you.
h. 10:20 GENTILES WERE SOUGHT BY GOD
E-SAIas de a-po-tolMA,  kai LEgei, HeuREthen  tois eME mezeTOUsin ;
And Isaiah is very bold, and says, I was found of them that sought me not;
em-phaNES  e-geNOmen tois eME mee-pe-roTOsin .
I became manifest to them that asked not of me.
i. 10:21 ISRAEL CONTINUALLY REJECTED GOD’S OVERTURES
pros de ton Is-raEL LEgei, HOlen ten heMEran e-xePEta-sa  tas CHEI-RAS mou
But as to :Israel he says, All the day longdid I spread out my :hands
pros laON [2992[ a-peiTHOUNta  kai an-tiLEgon-ta .
unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
NOTE: This chapter represents God’s Master Chess Game! With great and infinite wisdom God has played off the Jews with the Church of the Gentiles. The believing Messianic Jews are part of this, but they still do not see the need of being grafted into the church, even as the Gentile believers need to be grafted into Israel. Our Jewish Roots await the church to discover, and the riches of God in Israel’s daughter the church is for Israel to find a place of grafting.
And – salvation of both – is in the same Messiah – the Only-Begotten Son of God, Jesus. The Word of Faith – the Word for both to confess – is right in our mouth. It was in the Spring of 1944 in Victoria, B.C. that I first openly confessed Jesus as my Lord and Savior, and the One I had chosen to represent according to His Word, instead of Communism. The moment I did so – God confirmed His Word, and I was immediately born from above by the Living Word of God through the Spirit of God. The presence of God so completely filled the room where I made my first confession, that my friend and I could scarcely survive in His presence! It took 3 months for me to discover Romans 10:9-10, and realize that I had almost inadvertently fulfilled its condition, and God in turn confirmed it.
When Jews see God’s increasing blessing on the church as Christ’s return draws ever closer, and as the church takes on her high privilege and calling of praying God’s purposes to be fulfilled for Israel – then God’s plan of bringing Israel into jealousy will also be fulfilled, and a nation then will be reached to be born in a day.
So – let us study and meditate upon this chapter, and resolve not to come short of God’s full purposes as revealed here by the Spirit of God through the apostle Paul. J.A.W.