(From: MATTHEW #6 - 5:1-16)
3. 5:1-12 THE BEATITUDES
a. 5:1-3 THE POOR IN SPIRIT
I-DON de tou OCHlous, aNEbeeis to Oros;
And seeing the crowds, he went up into the mountain;
kai kaTHIsan-tos auTOU proSELthan auTOhoi ma-theTAI auTOU,
and when he sat down his :disciples came to him,
kai aNOIxas to STOma auTOU, eDIdas-ken auTOUS, LEgon,
2 and he opened his :mouth, andtaught them, saying,
MaKAri-oi  hoi ptoCHOI  toPNEUma-ti ,
3 Blessed the poor in :spirit,
HOti auTON es-tin heba-siLEIa  ton ou-raNON .
for THEIRS is the kingdom of the heavens.
b. 5:4 Blessed they that mourn, for THEY shall be comforted.
maKAri-oi hoi penTHOUNtes , HOti auTOI pa-ra-kleTHEson-tai .
c. 5:5 Blessed the meek, for THEY shall inherit the earth.
maKAri-oi hoi praEIS , HOti auTOI kle- ro-noMEsou-si  ten gen.
d. 5:7 THE SEEKERS AFTER RIGHTEOUSNESS
maKAri-oi hoi peiNONtes  kai diPSONtes  ten di-kai-oSUnen 1343],
Blessed they that hunger and thirst after :righteousness,
HOti auTOI chor-tasTHEson-tai .
for THEY shall be filled.
e. 5:7 Blessed the merciful, for THEY shall obtain mercy.
maKAri-oi hoi e-leEmo-nes , HOti auTOI e-le-eTHEson-tai .
f. 5:8 Blessed the pure in :heart, for THEY shall see :God.
maKAri-oi hoi ka-thaROI  tekarDIa , HOti auTOI ton TheON Opson-tai .
g. 5:9 Blessed the peace-doers, for THEY shall be called sons of God.
maKAri-oi hoi ei-re-no-poiOI , HOti auTOI huiOI  TheOU kleTHEson-tai .
h. 5:10 THE PERSECUTED FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
maKAri-oi hoi de-di-ogMEnoi  Ene-ken di-kai-oSUnes ,
Blessed they that have been persecuted for righteousness’ sake,
HOti auTON es-tin heba-siLEIa  ton ou-raNON.
for THEIRS is the kingdom of the heavens.
i. 5:11 PERSECUTED FOR IDENTIFICATION WITH JESUS
maKAriOI es-te HOtan o-neiDIso-sin  huMAS kai diOxo-sin ,
Blessed are you when menshall reproach you and persecute,
kai EIpo-sinpan po-neRON  kath’ huMON pseuDOme-noi  HEne-ken eMOU.
and say all manner of evil against you falsely for my sake.
j. 5:12 ATTITUDE OF THE PERSECUTED
CHAIre-te, kai a-gal-liASthe , HOti ho misTHOS huMON poLUS en tois ou-raNOIS:
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad, for great is your :reward in the heavens:
HOUtos gar eDIo-xan  tous proPHEtas  tous pro huMON.
for so persecuted they the prophets :before you.
4. 5:13-16 SALT AND LIGHT: THE EFFECTS OF A DISCIPLE
a. 5:13 BELIEVERS REJECTED IF SALT LOSES SAVOR
HuMEIS es-te to HAlas  tes ges , eAN de to HAlas mo-ranTHE,
YOU are the salt of the earth, but if the salt have lost savor,
en TIni ha-lisTHEse-tai ? Eis ouDEN isCHUei  Eti,
wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing,
ei mebleTHEN  Exoka-ta-paTEISthai  huPO ton anTHROpon.
but to be cast out and trodden under of :men.
b. 5:14a YOU are the light of the world.
huMEIS es-te to phos  tou KOSmou .
c. 5:14b A city set on a hill cannot be hid.
ou DUna-tai POlis  kruBEnai  ePAnoOrous keiMEne.
d. 5:15 HOUSEHOLD LAMPS ARE TO SEND FORTH LIGHT
ouDE KAIou-sin  LUCHnon , kai tiTHEa-sin auTON huPO ton MOdi-on ,
Neither do menlight a lamp, and put it under the bushel,
all’ ePI ten luchNIan  kai LAMpei  ePAsin tois en teoiKIa.
but upon the lampstand and it shines unto all those in the house.
e. 5:16 THE LIGHT OF GOOD WORKS GLORIFY GOD
HOUtos lamPSAto to phos huMON EMpros-then ton anTHROpon,
Thus let your :light shine before :men,
HOpos Ido-sin  huMON ta kaLA  ERga 
that they may see your good :works
kai doXAso-sin  ton paTEra  huMON ton en tois ou-raNOIS .
and glorify your :Father who isin the heavens.
NOTE: The Beatitudes are the very heartof the Sermon on the Mount. No man can in himself live the life of the Sermon on the Mount. Rather, it is a picture for man to see the kind of life Christ by His indwelling Spirit will live out through true disciples. The man not surrendered to the control of Christ’s indwelling Spirit will never understand the Sermon on the Mount, nor will he be able to see that life reproduced through him. But one like Rees Howells who was possessedand controlledby the Spirit, will see this life effortlessly lived out through him.
“The Sermon on the Mount” by Oswald Chambers was one of the first three books he wrote and published prior to his Home-going. He makes these principles abundantly clear – and clears the way for believers to become disciples, and realize this life through them. Jesus didn’t ask us to make converts – He asks us to make disciples. The church is full of converts – but disciplescontrolled by Jesus through His Spirit are difficult to find.
Dr. E. Stanley Jones in his book “The Sermon on the Mount” is also helpful to see God’s perspective and thought on this Scripture portion.
Here is a challenge – Bill Gates of Microsoft fame memorized “The Sermon on the Mount” as a teenager. Would you join with me as I pray daily, that God will quicken his spirit by the Holy Spirit – how to move from head knowledge to heartunderstanding of this portion of Scripture? - J.A.W.