(From: MATTHEW #35 - 21:33-22:14)
2. 21:33-43 VINEYARD PARABLE: JEWS TO BE REPLACED
a. 21:33 PARABLE OF THE VINEYARD
ALlen pa-ra-boLEN aKOUsa-te: ANthro-pos en, oi-ko-deSPOtes ,
Hear another parable: There was a man, a householder,
HOstis ePHUteu-sen  am-peLOna , kai phragMON auTO pe-riEthe-ken,
who planted a vineyard, and set a hedge about it,
kai Oru-xen en auTO leNON , kai o-koDOme-sen PURgon ,
and dug a winepress in it, and built a tower,
kai eXEde-to  auTON ge-orGOIS , kai a-peDEme-sen .
and let it out to husbandmen, and went into another country.
b. 21:34 THE HOUSEHOLDER AND THE HUSBANDMEN
HOte de EGgi-sen ho kaiROS ton karPON , aPEstei-len
And when the season of the fruits drew near, he sent
tous DOUlous auTOU pros tous ge-orGOUS , laBEIN tous karPOUS auTOU.
his :bondmen unto the husbandmen, to receive its :fruits.
c. 21:35 ILL-TREATMENT BY THE HUSBANDMEN
kai laBONtes hoi ge-orGOI tous DOUlous auTOU, hon men Edei-ran ,
And the husbandmen took his :bondmen, andbeat one,
hon de aPEKtei-nan , hon de e-li-thoBOle-san .
and killed another, and stoned another.
d. 21:36 Again, he sent other :bondmen more than the first: and they did to them likewise.
PAlin, aPEstei-len ALlous DOUlous PLEIo-nas ton PROton: kai ePOIe-san auTOIS hoSAUtos .
e. 21:37 But afterward he sent unto them his :son, saying, They will reverence my :son.
HUste-ron de aPEstei-len pros auTOUS ton huiON auTOU, LEgon, En-traPEson-tai ton huiON mou.
f. 21:38 THE EVIL PLAN OF THE HUSBANDMEN
hoi de ge-orGOI, iDONtes ton huiON, EIpon en he-auTOIS,
But the husbandmen, seeing the son, said among themselves,
HOU-TOS es-tin ho kle-roNOmos ; DEUte, a-pokTEIno-men auTON,
This is the heir; come on, let us kill him,
kai SCHOmen ten kle-ro-noMIan auTOU.
and have his :inheritance.
g. 21:39 And they took and cast him forth out of the vineyard, and killed him.
kai laBONtes auTON eXEbalon Exotou am-peLOnos , kai aPEKtei-nan .
h. 21:40 When therefore the lord of the vineyard shall come, what will he do to those :husbandmen?
HOtan oun ELthe ho KUri-os tou am-peLOnos, ti poiEsei tois ge-orGOIS  eKEInois?
i. 21:41 RESPONSE OF THE JEWISH LEADERS
LEgou-sin auTO, KaKOUS kaKOS a-poLEsei  auTOUS,
They say to him, He will miserably destroy those miserable men,
kai ton am-peLOna ekDOse-tai  ALlois ge-orGOIS,
and will let out the vineyard to other husbandmen,
HOIti-nes a-poDOsou-sin  auTO tous karPOUS en tois kaiROIS auTON.
who shall render him the fruits in their :seasons.
j. 21:42 JESUS IDENTIFIES HIMSELF WITH THE TEMPLE CHIEF-CORNERSTONE
LEgei auTOIS ho IeSOUS, OuDEpo-te aNEGno-te  en tais graPHAIS,
:Jesus says to them, Did you never read in the scriptures,
LIthon  hon a-pe-doKIma-san  hoi oi-ko-doMOUNtes ,
Thestone which the builders rejected,
HOUtos e-geNEthe  eis ke-phaLEN  goNIas ;
The same was made head of thecorner;
paRA KuRIou eGEne-to HAUte, kai EStin thau-maSTE  en oph-thalMOIS heMON?
This was from theLord, And it is marvelous in our eyes?
k. 21:43 JESUS' DRASTIC SOLUTION
diA TOUto LEgo huMIN [HOti], arTHEse-tai  aph' huMON he ba-siLEIa  tou TheOU,
Therefore I say unto you [that], The kingdom of :God shall be taken away from you,
kai doTHEse-tai  ETHnei poiOUNti  tous karPOUS auTES.
and shall be given to a nation bringing forth its :fruits.
3. 21:44 DANGER OF REJECTING JESUS
kai ho peSON  ePI ton LIthon  TOUton sun-thlasTHEse-tai :
And who falls on this :stone shall be broken to pieces:
eph' hon d' 'AN PEse , likMEsei  auTON.
but on whomever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust.
4. 21:45-46 PRESENCE OF CROWDS PROTECT JESUS
a. 21:45 PERCEPTION OF THE JEWISH LEADERS
kai aKOUsan-tes hoi ar-chi-eREIS  kai hoi Pha-riSAIoi tas pa-ra-boLAS  auTOU,
And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his :parables,
EGno-san  HOti peRI auTON LEgei.
they perceived that he spoke of them.
b. 21:46 And seeking to lay hold on him, they feared the crowds, because they deemed him a prophet.
kai zeTOUNtes auTON kraTEsai, e-phoBEthe-san tous OCHlous, ePEI eis proPHEten auTON EIchon.
5. 22:1-14 WEDDING GARMENTS REQUIRED FOR SUBSTITUTE GUESTS
a. 22:1-3 PARABLE OF THE MARRIAGE SUPPER
Kai a-po-kriTHEIS ho IeSOUS PAlin EIpen en pa-ra-boLAIS  auTOIS, LEgon,
And :Jesus answered andspoke again in parables to them, saying,
Ho-moiOthe  he ba-siLEIa  ton ou-raNON anTHROpo,
2The kingdom of the heavens is likened unto a man,
ba-siLEI , HOstis ePOIe-sen GAmous  to huiO auTOU,
a king, who made a marriage feast for his :son,
kai aPEstei-len tous DOUlous auTOU kaLEsai tous ke-kleMEnouseis tous GAmous: kai ouk Ethe-lon elTHEIN.
3and sent forth his bondmen to call those bidden to the marriage feast: and they would not come.
b. 22:4 THE KING BIDS GUESTS TO HIS FEAST
PAlin aPEstei-len ALlous DOUlous, LEgon,
Again he sent forth other bondmen, saying,
EIpa-te tois ke-kleMEnois, I-DOU, to AriSTON mou heTOIma-ka;
Tell them that are bidden, Lo, I have made ready my :dinner;
hoi TAU-ROI mou kai ta si-tiSTA  te-thuMEna , kai PANta HEtoi-ma: DEUte eis tous GAmous.
my :oxen and the fatlings are killed,and all thingsare ready: come to the marriage feast.
c. 22:5-6 THE SIN OF MAKING LIGHT OF CHRIST
hoi de a-meLEsan-tes , aPELthon, hos men eis ton Idi-on aGRON, hos de ePI ten em-poRIan auTOU;
But they made light of it, and went away, one to his own :farm, another to his :merchandise;
hoi de loiPOI kraTEsan-tes  tous DOUlous auTOU, HUbri-san , kai aPEKtei-nan .
6and the rest laid hold on his :bondmen, and treated themshamefully, and killed them.
d. 22:7 THE ANGRY ACTION OF THE KING
ho de ba-siLEUS orGISthe ; kai PEMpsas ta straTEUma-ta  auTOU,
But the king was wroth; and he sent his :armies,
aPOle-sen  tous phoNEIS  eKEInous, kai ten POlin auTON eNEpre-sen .
anddestroyed those :murderers, and burned their :city.
e. 22:8 Then says he to his :bondmen, The wedding is ready, but those bidden were not worthy.
TOte LEgei tois DOUlois auTOU, Ho men GAmos HEtoiMOS es-tin, hoi de ke-kleMEnoi ouk Esan Axi-oi.
f. 22:9 THE KING'S SOUND SOLUTION
poREUes-the oun ePI tas di-eXOdous  ton hoDON,
Go therefore unto the partings of the highways,
kai HOsous eAN HEUre-te, kaLEsa-te eis tous GAmous .
and as many as you shall find, bid to the marriage feast.
g. 22:10 HIS BONDMEN COMPLY
kai e-xelTHONtes hoi DOUloi eKEInoi eis tas hoDOUS,
And those :bondmen went out into the highways,
suNEga-gon PANtas hous HEUron, po-neROUS te kai a-gaTHOUS:
andgathered all that they found, both bad and good:
kai ePLESthe  ho numPHON  a-na-keiMEnon .
and the wedding was filled with guests.
h. 22:11-12a KING DISCOVERS A MAN WITHOUT A WEDDING-GARMENT
ei-selTHON de ho ba-siLEUS theAsas-thai  tous a-na-keiMEnous,
But when the king came in to behold the guests,
EIden eKEI ANthro-pon ouk en-de-duMEnon  ENdu-ma  GAmou :
he saw there a man who had no wedding-garment:
kai LEgei auTO, HeTAIre , pos eiSELthes HOde me Echon ENdu-ma GAmou?
12aand says to him, Friend, how did you come in here having no wedding-garment?
i. 22:12b And HE was speechless. ho de e-phiMOthe.
j. 22:13 THE KING'S DRASTIC SOLUTION
TOte ho ba-siLEUS EIpen tois di-aKOnois , DEsan-tes  auTOU POdas kai CHEIras,
Then the king said to the ministers, Bind him hand and foot,
ekBAle-te  auTON eis to SKOtos  to eXOte-ron ;
andcast him out into the outer :darkness;
eKEI EStai ho klauthMOS  kai ho brugMOS  ton hoDONton .
there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of the teeth.
k. 22:14 For many are called, but few chosen.
polLOI GAR ei-sin kleTOI oLIgoi de e-klekTOI .
NOTE: 21:42 - There is a tradition - that at the time of the building of Solomon's Temple, all component parts were pre-fab - and sent up ahead of time to the building site. The chief corner-stone for the foundation was a stone the entire width of the temple, with lips tying into each side. The workmen did not recognize it as part of the temple, and set it aside, where it became covered over with debris. When the chief builder looked for it, he couldn't find it. Upon further searching, the workmen recognized his description, searched, and recovered it from the debris.
In like manner the workmen of Jesus' day did not recognize Him as God's Chief Cornerstone, and rejected Him. But God returned Him, and following His Resurrection, placed Him as the Chief Cornerstone of His spiritual Temple, and the Head of His Body the Church. Then the Kingdom was taken from the religious leaders of Jesus' day, and following the destruction of Herod's Temple in 70 AD, given to the “One New Man,” Christ's Bride, the Church.
In 21:44, Jesus describes what would take place to the leaders of His day who rejected Him.
22:1-14 is the parable of the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. All invited will nottake part in this auspicious event. God's judgment upon such - is that they were not worthy. He ends up this parable with these sober words - “For many are called, but few chosen.
What then is the distinction between being calledand chosen? Paul talks about making one's calling and election sure! “He that endures to the endshall be saved,”is another statement of Jesus. And, “He that hears these sayings of mine and doesthem, is like a man who built his house upon a rock.”And at the close of the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus warns that “not every one that says unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter the kingdom of the heavens; but who doesthe will of His :Father who isin the heavens.”Even to perform miracles and healings - is insufficient to qualify one. A good definition of saving faith is “hearing and doing” the will of God.
During World War II days in the Navy, I had a fellow sailor who continually greeted me with, “Many are called, but few are chosen.”He would then ask me what that meant. The preceding paragraph answers his question; but as far as I know, my sailor-friend did not follow through on this. Onlythose who follow through are the chosen ones, and Jesus said that such are few! J.A.W.