(From: MARK #27 - 15:42-16:8)
G. 15:16-41 CRUCIFIXION AND DEATH OF JESUS
1. 15:16-32 JESUS INSULTED AND CRUCIFIED
a. 15:16 JESUS TURNED OVER TO SOLDIERS
Hoi de stra-tiOtai aPEga-gon auTON Esotes auLES ,
And the soldiers led him away within the court,
HO es-tin praiTOri-on; kai sun-kaLOUsin HOlen ten SPEIran .
which is the Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.
b. 15:17-18 SOLDIERS MOCK JESUS
kai en-diDUskou-sin auTON porPHUran ,
And they clothe him with purple,
kai pe-ri-tiTHEa-sin  auTO PLExan-tes aKANthi-non STEpha-non ;
and platting a crown of thorns, they put it on him;
kai ERxan-to asPAzes-thai auTON, CHAIre, ba-siLEU ton IouDAIon!
18and they began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!
c. 15:19 SOLDIERS PERSECUTE JESUS
kai Etup-ton  auTOU ten ke-phaLEN kaLAmo , kai eNEptu-on auTO,
And they struck his :head with a reed, and spit upon him,
kai tiTHENtes  ta GOna-ta [1119 pro-seKUnoun auTO.
and bowing their knees worshiped him.
d. 15:20a SOLDEIRS RESTORE JESUS' OWN GARMENTS TO HIM
kai HOte eNEpai-xan  auTO,
And when they had mocked him,
eXEdu-san  auTON ten porPHUran, kai eNEdu-san auTON ta hiMAti-a auTOU.
they took off from him the purple, and put on him his :garments.
e. 15:20b And they lead him out to crucify him.
Kai eXAgou-sin auTON HIna stauROso-sin auTON.
f. 15:21 SIMON BEARS JESUS' CROSS
Kai ag-gaREUou-sin  paRAgonTA ti-ni, SImo-na Ku-reNAIon,
And they compel one passing by, Simon of Cyrene,
erCHOme-non ap' aGROU, ton paTEra A-leXANdrou kai 'ROUphou, HIna Are  ton stauRON auTOU.
coming from thecountry, the father of Alexander and Rufus, that he might bear his :cross.
g. 15:22 And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, Place of a skull.
kai PHErou-sin auTON ePI ton Gol-goTHAN TOpon, HO es-tin, me-ther-me-neuOme-nos, KraNIou TOpos.
h. 15:23 And they gave him wine mingledwith myrrh: but he received it not.
kai eDIdoun auTOes-mur-nisMEnon OInon : hos de ouk Ela-ben.
i. 15:24 JESUS CRUCIFIED
kai stauROUsin auTON, kai di-a-meRIzon-tai  ta hiMAti-a auTOU,
And they crucify him, and part his :garments among them,
BALlon-tes KLEron  ep' auTA, tis ti Are.
casting lotsupon them, what each should take.
j. 15:25 And it was thethird hour, and they crucified him.
en de HOra TRIte, kai eSTAUro-san auTON.
k. 15:26 And the inscription of his :accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
kai en he e-pi-graPHE  tes aiTIas  auTOU e-pi-ge-gramMEne , Ho ba-siLEUS ton IouDAIon.
l. 15:27 And with him they crucify two robbers; one on hisright, and one on his left.
kai sun auTOstauROUsin DUo leSTAS ; HEna ek de-xiON, kai HEna ex eu-oNUmon auTOU.
m. 15:29-30 RAILING OF THE PASSERS-BY
kai hoi pa-ra-po-reuOme-noi e-blasPHEmoun auTON, kiNOUNtes tas ke-phaLAS auTON, kai LEgon-tes,
And the passers by railed on him, wagging theirheads, and saying,
OuA! ho ka-taLUon  ton naON, kai oi-ko-doMON en triSIN heMErais,
Ha! youthat destroys the temple, and builds itin three days,
SOson se-auTON, ka-taBAS aPO tou stauROU.
30save yourself, andcome down from the cross.
n. 15:31 JEWISH RULERS MOCK JESUS
hoMOIos kai hoi ar-chi-eREIS emPAIzon-tes  pros alLElous
Likewise also the chief priests mocking himamong themselves
meTA ton gram-maTEon Ele-gon, ALlous Esosen, he-auTON ou DUna-tai SOsai.
with the scribes said, He saved others, himself he cannot save.
o. 15:32a THEIR UNGODLY CHALLENGE
ho ChrisTOS, ho ba-siLEUS Is-raEL, ka-taBAto  nun aPO tou stauROU,
Let the Christ, the King of Israel, now come down from the cross,
HIna Ido-men kai piSTEUso-men.
that we might see and believe.
p. 15:32b And those crucified with him reproached him.
kai hoi su-ne-stau-roMEnoi sun auTOoNEIdi-zon auTON.
2. 15:33-41 THE DEATH OF JESUS
a. 15:33 And when thesixth hour was come, darkness came over the whole earth until theninth hour.
Kai ge-noMEnes HOras HEKtes, SKOtos eGEne-to eph' HOlen ten gen HEos HOras eNAtes.
b. 15:34 JESUS' FORSAKEN CRY
kai te eNAte HOra eBOe-sen  ho IeSOUS phoNE meGAle,
And at the ninth hour :Jesus cried with a loud voice,
E-loI, E-loI, laMA sa-bach-thaNEI? HO es-tin, me-ther-me-neuOme-non ,
Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthanei? which is, being interpreted,
Ho TheOS mou, ho TheOS mou, eis ti eg-kaTEliPES  me?
My :God, my :God, why have you forsaken me?
c. 15:35 And some of the bystanders, when they heard it, said, See, he calls Elijah.
kai tiNES ton pa-re-steKOton , aKOUsan-tes, Ele-gon, Ide, E-LEIan phoNEI.
d. 15:36 CONTROVERSY
draMON  DE tis, geMIsas  SPOGgon  oXOUS ,
And one ran, andfilling a sponge with vinegar,
pe-riTHEIS kaLAmo , ePOti-zen  auTON, LEgon, Aphe-te;
put iton a reed, andgave him to drink, saying, Let be;
Ido-men ei ERche-tai E-LEIas ka-theLEIN auTON.
let us see whether Elijah comes to take him down.
e. 15:37 And :Jesus uttered a loud voice, andexpired.
ho de IeSOUS aPHEIS phoNEN meGAlen, eXEPneu-sen .
f. 15:38 And the veil of the sanctuary was rent in two from top to bottom.
kai to ka-taPEtas-ma tou naOU esCHIStheeis DUo ap' Ano-then HEos KAto.
g. 15:39 THE CENTURIAN
iDON de ho ken-tuRIon ho pa-re-steKOS ex a-nanTIas auTOU,
And when the centurion, who stood by over against him,
HOti HOUtos eXEPneu-sen, EIpen, A-leTHOS HOUtos ho ANthro-pos huiOS TheOU en.
saw that he thus expired, he said, Truly this :man was God's Son.
h. 15:40-41 THE WOMEN
Esan de kai guNAIkes aPO maKROthen the-oROUsai :
And there were also women beholding from afar:
en hais kai Ma-riAM he Mag-da-leNE, kai MaRIa he tou 'IaKObou
among whom were both Mariam :Magdalene, and Mary the mother
tou miKROU kai IoSTEtos MEter, kai SaLOme; hai,
of James the little and of Joses, and Salome; 41 who,
HOte en te Ga-liLAIa, e-koLOUthoun auTO, kai di-eKOnoun  auTO;
when he was in :Galilee, followed him, and ministered to him;
kai ALlai polLAI hai su-na-naBAsai  auTO eis Ie-roSOlu-ma.
and many other women that came up with him unto Jerusalem.
NOTE: 15:16-32 - Jesus Insulted and Crucified. Here we find Jesus turned over to Roman soldiers, who insulted and crucified Him.
Another man from Cyrene is mentioned in Scripture - Lucius - mentioned in Acts 13:1-3, one of the five elders or Presbyters from the City Church of Antioch. He was one of the three that under the Holy Spirit thrust out Barnabas and Saul on their first missionary journey. They started out as prophets and teachers, but were promoted to apostles; just as Stephen and Philip were promoted from deacons to Evangelists. Both Lucius and Simon of Cyrene were no doubt from the black race. All racial descendants from Adam are of one blood. We can receive transfusions one from another. And all of us as Adamic descendants are one from the Father of the spirits of all men! In heaven we will rejoice in all the racial divergences down here on earth - and yet we will know that we are indeed one! What a high privilege for Simon to be chosen to bear the cross of Christ!
In other Gospels, the Jewish religious leaders sought to have the inscription on Jesus' cross in 3 languages changed from “King of the Jews” - to - “He said he was King of the Jews.” But Pilate refused to further please their nit-picking desires. So - God's Son received through Pilate His correct title: King of the Jews!
Following the mocking of the Roman soldiers - next came the passers-by; then the chief priests and scribes; next those crucified with Jesus.
15:33-41 - Jesus was on the cross 6 hours. The ninth hour of the Jewish day, 3:00 pm for us, was the key time for this God-planned event on behalf of the whole human race. It was at this final time that the sinless soul of Jesus became sin for us and the Father at this time turned His face from His Son, who now was sin for us. But - His soul was sinless! Satan could not hold Him! He rose triumphant and victorious over death and the grave. Hallelujah! He is risen! Sin has been atoned for.
The rending of the veil between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies from top to bottom could not have been done by man. It was of God. It spoke that because of Jesus' death - man now had access to the Holy of Holies. The Jewish High Priest could only enter this place once a year on Yom Kippur, and that in fearfulness. Wenow can enter boldly to the very Throne of Grace to receive help in time of trouble. What a difference between the Old and the New Covenant, ushered in by the death of the Son of :man and the Son of God! The Roman Centurion was convinced by the darkness and earthquake and the extraordinary death of Jesus - that He was indeedGod's Son!
But these Jewish leaders sewed back the riven veil - ripped from top to bottom. It was fifteen feet high and four inched thick! Sewn together? The original ripping by God to justify His Son's death stillholds good for you and me - in spite of the Jewish leaders. J.A.W.