(From: MARK #22 - 14:1-31)
V. 14:1-16:8 BETRAYAL, CRUCIFIXION & RESURRECTION OF JESUS
A. 14:1-2 PASSOVER: TENTH PLAN TO MURDER JESUS
En de to PAScha kai ta Azu-ma meTA DUo heMEras:
Now after two days was the passover and the unleavened bread:
kai eZEtoun hoi ar-chi-eREIS kai hoi gram-maTEIS pos auTON
and the chief priests and the scribes sought how to take him
en DOlo kraTEsan-tes , a-pokTEIno-sin: Ele-gon gar,
with guile, and kill him: 2for they said,
Meen te he-orTE, ME po-te EStai THUru-bos tou laOU.
Not during the feast, lest haply a tumult shall be of the people.
B. 14:3-11 JESUS ANOINTED AND HIS BETRAYAL PLANNED
1. 14:3-9 JESUS ACCEPTS A SECOND ANOINTING
a. 14:3 A WOMAN ANOINTS JESUS
Kai ONtas auTOU en Be-thaNIa en te oiKIa SImo-nos tou lePROU ,
And while he was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper,
ka-ta-keiMEnou auTOU, ELthen guNE Echou-sa
as he sat at meat, a woman came having
aLAba-stron  MUrou  NARdou  pi-stiKES po-lu-teLOUS ;
the alabaster cruse of ointment of pure nard very costly;
sunTRIpsa-sa ten aLAba-stron, kaTEche-en auTOU tes ke-phaLES.
she broke the alabaster, andpoured it over his :head.
b. 14:4 THE OBJECTION OF SOME
Esan DE ti-nes a-ga-nakTOUNtes pros he-auTOUS,
But there were some that had indignation among themselves, saying,
Eis ti heaPOlei-a HAUte tou MUrou GEgo-nen?
To what purpose has this :waste of the ointment been made?
c. 14:5a For this :ointment might have been sold for above three hundred shillings, and given to the poor.
eDUna-to gar TOUto to MUron praTHEnai ePAno de-naRIon tri-a-koSIon, kai doTHEnai tois ptoCHOIS.
d. 14:5b And they murmured against her. kai e-ne-briMONto auTE.
e. 14:6 JESUS CORRECTS THEM
ho de IeSOUS eiPEN, Aphe-te auTEN; ti auTE KOpous  paREche-te?
But :Jesus said, Let her alone; why do you trouble her?
kaLON ERgon erGAsa-to  en eMOI.
She has wrought a good work on me.
d. 14:7 HIS REASONING
PANto-te gar tous ptoCHOUS Eche-te meth' he-auTON, kai HOtan THEle-te
For you have the poor always with you, and whenever you will
DUnas-the auTOIS PANto-te eu poiEsai: eME de ou PANto-te Eche-te.
you can do them always good: but you do not have me always.
g. 14:8 She has done what she could; she has anointed my :body beforehand for the burying.
ho ESchen ePOIesen; proEla-ben  muRIsai  to SO-MA mou eis ton en-ta-phi-asMON .
h. 14:9 A FAR-REACHING PROPHECY
aMEN de LEgohuMIN, HOpou eAN ke-ruchTHE to eu-agGEli-on eis HOlon ton KOSmon,
And amen I say unto you, Wherever the gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world,
kai ho ePOIe-sen HAUte la-leTHEse-tai eis mneMOsu-non  auTES.
what also this woman has done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her.
2. 14:10-11 JUDAS PLANS TO BETRAY JESUS
a. 14:10 JUDAS PLANS JESUS' BETRAYAL
Kai IOUdas Is-ka-riOTH, ho heis ton DOde-ka, aPELthen
And Judas Iscariot, the one of the twelve, went away
pros tous ar-chi-eREIS, HIna auTON pa-raDOI  auTOIS.
unto the chief priests, that he might deliver him to them.
b. 14:11a And they, when they heard it, were glad, and promised to give him silver-pieces.
hoi de, aKOUsan-tes, eCHAresan , kai e-pegGEIlan-to auTOarGUri-on DOUnai.
c. 14:11b And he sought how he might conveniently deliver him up.
kai eZEtei pos auTON euKAIros pa-raDOI.
C. 14:12-31 LORD'S SUPPER TYPIFIED BY PASSOVER
1. 14:12-16 PREPARATION FOR THE PASSOVER
a. 14:12 DISCIPLES QUESTION JESUS
Kai te PROte heMEra ton aZUmon , HOte to PAScha
And on the first day of :unleavened bread, when they sacrificed
Ethu-on, LEgou-sin auTO hoi ma-theTAI auTOU, Pou THEleis
the passover, his :disciples say to him, Where will you
a-pelTHONtes e-toiMAso-men  HIna PHAges to PAScha?
that we go andmake ready that you eat the passover?
b. 14:13-14 JESUS PROPHETICALLY DIRECTS HIS DISCIPLES
kai a-poSTELlei DUo ton ma-theTON auTOU kai LEgei auTOIS, HuPAge-te eis ten POlin,
And he sends two of his :disciples, and says to them, Go into the city,
kai a-panTEsei  huMIN ANthro-pos keRAmi-on  HUda-tos baSTAzon :
and a man shall meet you bearing a pitcher of water:
a-ko-louTHEsa-te auTO; kai HOpou eAN eiSELthe, EIpa-te to oi-ko-desPOte ,
follow him; 14 and wherever he shall go in, say to the house-master,
[HOti] Ho diDAska-los LEgei, POU es-tin to kaTAluMA  mou,
The Teacher says, Where is my :guest-chamber,
HOpou to PAScha meTA ton ma-theTON mou PHAgo?
where I shall eat the passover with my :disciples?
c. 14:15 And HE will show you a large upper room furnished, ready: and there prepare for us.
kai auTOS huMIN DEIxei aNAgai-on  MEga e-stroMEnon, HEtoi-mon: kai eKEI he-toiMAsa-te heMIN.
d. 14:16 FULFILLMENT OF THE PROPHECY
kai eXELthon hoi ma-theTAI, kai ELthon eis ten POlin,
And the disciples went forth, and came into the city,
kai HEUron kaTHOS EIpen auTOIS: kai heTOIma-san to PAScha.
and found as he had said to them: and they made ready the passover.
2. 14:17-21 JESUS FORETELLS BETRAYER AT PASSOVER SUPPER
a. 14:17 And when it was evening he comes with the twelve.
Kai oPSIas ge-noMEnes ERche-tai meTA ton DOde-ka.
b. 14:18 JESUS PROPHESIES HIS BETRAYAL
kai a-na-keiMEnon  auTON kai es-thiONton, ho IeSOUS EIpen,
And as they reclined and were eating, :Jesus said,
A-MEN LEgo huMIN, [HOti] heis ex huMON pa-ra-DOsei  me, ho esTHIon met' eMOU.
Amen I say unto you, [that] One of you shall deliver me up, who eats with me.
c. 14:19 They began to be sorrowful, and to say to him one by one, Is it I?
ERxan-to luPEISthe , kai LEgein auTOheis kaTA heis, MEti eGO?
d. 14:20 And he said to them, One of the twelve :who dips with me in the one dish.
ho de EIpen auTOIS, Heis ton DOde-ka ho em-bapTOme-nos  met' eMOU eis to hen truBLIon .
e. 14:21 WOE TO THE BETRAYER
HOti ho men huiOS tou anTHROpou huPAgei, kaTHOS GEgrap-tai peRI auTOU:
Because the Son of :man goes, even as it is written of him:
ouAI  de to anTHROpo eKEIno di' hou ho huiOS tou anTHROpou pa-raDIdo-tai!
but woe to that :man through whom the Son of :man is delivered up!
kaLON auTO ei ouk e-genNEthe  ho ANthro-pos eKEInos.
good were it for him if that man had not been born.
3. 14:22-25 LORD'S SUPPER INSTITUTED
a. 14:22 JESUS SIGNIFIES THE BREAD TYPOLOGY
Kai es-thiONton auTON, laBON ARton, eu-loGEsas , Ekla-sen,
And as they were eating, he took a loaf, andwhen he had blessed, he broke it,
kai Edo-ken auTOIS, kai EIpen, LAbe-te: TOU-TO es-tin to SO-MA  mou.
and gave to them, and said, Take: this is my :body.
b. 14:23 And he took a cup, andwhen he had given thanks, he gave to them: and all drank of it.
kai laBON poTE-ri-on , eu-cha-riSTEsas , Edo-ken auTOIS: kai Epi-on  ex auTOU PANtes.
c. 14:24 THE TYPOLOGY OF THE CUP SIGNIFIED
kai EIpen auTOIS, TOU-TO es-tin to HAI-MA mou tes di-aTHEkes ,
And he said to them, This is my :blood of the covenant,
to ek-chunNOme-non  huPER polLON.
which is shed for many.
d. 14:25 JESUS' PERSONAL PROPHECY
aMEN LEgo huMIN [HOti], ouKEti ou me PIo ek tou geNEma-tos tes amPElou ,
Amen I say unto you [that], I shall no more drink of the fruit of the vine,
HEos tes heMEras eKEInes HOtan auTO PIno kaiNON en te ba-siLEIa tou TheOU.
until that :day when I drink it new in the kingdom of :God.
4. 14:26 And when they had sung a hymn, they went out unto the mount of :Olives.
Kai humNEsan-tes , eXELthon eis to Oros ton E-laiON .
5. 14:27-31 PETER'S DENIAL FORETOLD
a. 14:27 JESUS FORETELLS SCATTERING OF DISCIPLES
Kai LEgei auTOIS ho IeSOUS [HOti] PANtes skan-da-lisTHEses-the :
And :Jesus says to them [that] All you shall stumble:
HOti GEgrap-tai, PaTAxo ton poiMEna, kai ta PROba-ta di-a-skor-pisTHEson-tai .
for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered abroad.
b. 14:28 But after I am raised up I will go before you into :Galilee.
alLA meTA to e-gerTHE-NAI me proAxohuMAS eis ten Ga-liLAIan.
c. 14:29 And Peter said to him, Though all shall stumble, yet not I.
ho de PEtros EpheauTO, Ei kai PANtes skan-da-lisTHEson-tai, all' ouk eGO.
d. 14:30 JESUS' SPECIFIC PROPHECY CONCERNING PETER
kai LEgei auTO ho IeSOUS, A-MEN LEgo soi, HOti su SEme-ron,
And :Jesus says to him, Amen I say unto you, that you today,
TAUte te nukTI, prin he dis aLEKto-ra  phoNEsai , TRIS me a-parNEse .
this :night, before the cock crow twice, shall deny me thrice.
e. 14:31a But he spoke exceeding vehemently, If I must die with you, I will in nowise deny you.
ho de ek-pe-risSOS  eLAlei, E-AN DEe me su-na-po-thaNEIN  soi, ou me se a-parNEsomai.
f. 14:31b Moreover all spoke likewise. hoSAUtos de kai PANtes Ele-gon.
NOTE: 14:1-16:8 - The heart of the Gospel according to Mark is in this section. In 1 Corinthians 15:3-8, Paul confirms this in one simple sentence.
14:3-11 - This last anointing of Jesus before His death and burial - is to be remembered in a very special way in the Gospels for all eternity. It is thisanointing that triggered the decision of Judas to betray Jesus. And it is this betrayal which will be remembered for all in eternity in direct contrast to that of the anointing.
14:12-31 - The Holy Spirit through Mark makes it clear how the Lord's Supper springs out of the Jewish Passover Festival. The roots of the church arein Israel. The One New Man of Ephesians encompasses them together. The Judeo-Christian Ethic is a term based on this also.
14:25 - Notice Jesus' hopeful words on our behalf. When our resurrection, (for which Helaid the basis by His “Finished Work”) comes to pass, and we receive glorified bodies like as His, then we will take place the Marriage Supper of the Lamb - and then Jesus will join with us in drinking the fruit of the vine. For at the moment, Jesus is the only one of the New Creation who has received this type of glorified body - saints now in Heaven have spiritualbodies, but notglorified bodies..
Each of the four Gospels look at these events from a different vantage point. They fit together indeed without contradiction, but we gain new perspectives as we read each Gospel separately.
Thank God that in His Wisdom, He led that the life of His Son on earth for 33 years has been recorded by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. J.A.W.