(From: LUKE #12 - 6:1-23)
E. 6:1-11 SABBATH CONTROVERSY
1. 6:1-5 PRINCIPLES FOR THE SABBATH
a. 6:1 DISCIPLES AND THE SABBATH
E-GEne-to de en sabBAtodi-a-poREUes-thai auTON diA spoRImon ;
Now it came to pass that he was on a sabbath going through grainfields;
kai Etil-lon  hoi ma-theTAI auTOU, kai ESthi-on tous STAchu-as, PSOchon-tes tais cherSIN.
and his :disciples were plucking the ears, and eating, rubbing themin their hands.
b. 6:2 But certain of the Pharisees said, Why do you what is not lawful on the sabbaths?
tiNES de ton Pha-riSAIon EIpan, Ti poiEIte ho ouk Exe-stin SABba-sin?
c. 6:3-4 DAVID AND THE SABBATH
kai a-po-kriTHEIS pros auTOUS EIpen ho IeSOUS, OuDE TOUto aNEGno-te ,
And :Jesus answered andsaid unto them, Have you not read even this,
ho ePOIe-sen DauID, HOte ePEIna-sen auTOS, kai hoi met' auTOU;
what David did, when himself hungered, and thosewith him;
hos eiSELthen eis ton OIkon tou TheOU,
4how he entered into the house of :God,
hos tous ARtous tes proTHEse-os laBON Epha-gen, kai Edo-ken tois met' auTOU;
and took andate the show-loaves, and gave to thosewith him;
hous ouk Exe-stin phaGEIN ei meMOnous tous hi-eREIS ?
which it is not lawful to eat save for the priests alone?
d. 6:5 And he said to them, The Son of :man is lord of the sabbath also.
kai Ele-gen auTOIS, KUriOS es-tin ho huiOS tou anTHROpou kai tou sabBAtou.
2. 6:6-11 SABBATH CONTROVERSY WITH HEALING LESSONS
a. 6:6 A SABBATH CHALLENGE
E-GEne-to de en heTEro sabBAto, ei-selTHEIN auTON eis ten su-na-goGEN kai diDAskein:
And it came to pass on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught:
kai en ANthro-pos eKEI, kai he cheir auTOU he de-xiA en xeRA .
and a man was there, and his :right :hand was withered.
b. 6:7 CHALLENGE WATCHED BY PHARISEES
pa-re-teROUNto  de auTON hoi gram-maTEIS kai hoi Pha-riSAIoi,
And the scribes and the Pharisees were watching him,
ei en to sabBAto the-raPEUsei : HIna HEUro-sin ka-te-goREIN  auTOU.
whether he would cure on the sabbath: that they might find howto accuse him.
c. 6:8a JESUS ACCEPTS THE CHALLENGE
auTOS de Edei tous di-a-lo-gisMOUS  auTON, EIpen de to anDRI
But HE knew their :reasonings, and said to the man
to xeRAN Echon-ti ten CHEIra, Egei-re, kai STEthi eis to MEson.
that had his:hand withered, Rise, and stand forth in the midst.
d. 6:8b And he arose andstood forth. kai a-naSTAS ESte.
e. 6:9. JESUS CHALLENGES PURPOSE OF THE SABBATH
EIpen de ho IeSOUS pros auTOUS, E-pe-roTO  huMAS ei Exe-stin  to sabBAto
And :Jesus said unto them, I ask you whether it is lawful on the sabbath
a-ga-tho-poiEsai , e ka-ko-poiEsai ? psuCHEN SOsai, e a-poLEsai ?
to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it?
f. 6:10a And he looked about on them all, and said to him, Stretch forth your :hand.
kai pe-ri-blePSAme-nos PANtas auTOUS, EIpen auTO, EKtei-non  ten CHEI-RA sou.
g. 6:10b And he did: and his :hand was restored.
ho de ePOIe-sen: kai a-pe-ka-teSTAthehecheir auTOU.
h. 6:11 AN EFFECT OF MADNESS
auTOI de ePLESthe-san  aNOIas ;
And THEY were filled with madness;
kai di-eLAloun  pros alLElous ti an poiEsei-en to IeSOU.
and were discussing with one another what they might do to :Jesus.
VI. 6:12-8:56 PRINCIPLES OF THE KINGDOM
A. 6:12-19 CHOOSING OF THE TWELVE TO MULTIPLY MINISTRY
a. 6:12 JESUS PRAYS ALL NIGHT
E-GEne-to de en tais heMErais TAUtais, e-xelTHEIN auTON eis to Oros  proSEUxas-thai;
And it came to pass in these :days, that he went out into the mountain to pray;
kai en di-a-nuk-teREUon  en te pro-seuCHE  tou TheOU.
and he continued all night in :prayer to :God.
b. 6:13-18 THE APOSTLES CHOSEN - AND JESUS HEALS THE MULTITUDES
kai HOte eGEne-to heMEra, pro-sePHOne-sen tous ma-theTAS auTOU;
And when it was day, he called his :disciples;
kai e-kleXAme-nos  ap' auTON DOde-ka, hous kai a-poSTOlous  oNOma-sen :
and chose from them twelve, whom he also named apostles:
SImo-na, hon kai oNOma-sen PeTRON, kai AnDREan tou a-delPHON auTOU,
14Simon, whom he also named Peter, and Andrew his :brother,
kai IAko-bon kai IoAnen, kai PHIlip-pon kai Bar-tho-loMAIon,
and James and John, and Philip and Bartholomew,
kai MathTHAIon kai ThoMAN, kai IAko-bon AlPHAIou,
15and Matthew and Thomas, and James sonof Alphaeus,
kai SImona tou kaLOUme-non  Ze-loTEN,
and Simon the onecalled Zealot,
kai IOUdan IaKObou, kai IOUdan Is-ka-riOTH, hos eGEne-to proDOtes ;
16and Judas sonof James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor;
kai ka-taBAS met' auTON, ESte ePI TOpou pe-diNOU , kai OCHlos poLUS ma-theTON auTOU,
17and he came down with them, andstood on a level place, and a great crowd of his disciples,
kai PLEthos poLU tou laOU aPO PAses tes IouDAIas kai Ie-rou-saLEM,
and a great multitude of the people from all :Judea and Jerusalem,
kai tes pa-raLIou  TUrou kai SiDOnos,
and the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon,
hoi ELthan aKUsai auTOU, kai iaTHEnai  aPO ton NOson  auTON;
who came to hear him, and to be healed of their :sicknesses;
kai hoi e-nochLOUme-noi  aPO pneuMAton a-kaTHARton e-the-raPEUon-to .
18and those oppressed by unclean spirits were cured.
c. 6:19 THE ANALOGY BETWEEN BODILY AND SPIRITUAL CURES
kai pas ho OCHlos eZEtoun HAPtes-thai  auTOU,
And the whole crowd were seeking to touch him,
HOti DUna-mis par' auTOU eXERche-to , kai iA-to  PANtas.
for power came forth from him, and healed all.
B. 6:20-23 BEATITUDES
a. 6:20 BEATITUDE FOR THE POOR
Kai auTOS ePAras tous oph-thalMOUS auTOU eis tous ma-theTAS auTOU, Ele-gen,
And HE lifted up his :eyes on his :disciples, and said,
MaKAri-oi  hoi ptoCHOI : HOti hu-meTEra esTIN he ba-siLEIa  tou TheOU.
Blessed you :poor: for yours is the kingdom of :God.
b. 6:21a Blessed youthat hunger now: for you shall be filled.
MaKAri-oi hoi peiNONtes  nun: HOti chor-tasTHEses-the.
c. 6:21b Blessed youthat weep now: for you shall laugh.
maKAri-oi hoi KLAIon-tes  nun: HOti geLAse-te .
d. 6:22 BEATITUDE FOR THE PERSECUTED
maKAriOI es-te, HOtan miSEso-sin  huMAS hoi ANthro-poi,
Blessed are you, when :men shall hate you,
kai HOtan a-phoRIso-sin  huMAS kai o-neiDIso-sin ,
and when they shall ostracize you and reproach,
ekBAlo-sin  to Onoma huMON hos poneRON, Ene-ka tou huiOU tou anTHROpou.
and cast out your :name as evil, for the Son of :man's sake.
e. 6:23 JOY IN PERSECUTION
CHAre-te en eKEIne te heMEra, kai skirTEsa-te: iDOU gar, ho misTHOS huMON poLUS en to ou-raNO;
Rejoice in that :day, and leap: for lo, your reward is great in :heaven;
kaTA ta auTA gar ePOIoun tois proPHEtais hoi paTEres auTON.
for in the same manner did their :fathers to the prophets.
NOTE: 6:1-5 - Look at the accurate and clear explanation and teaching of Jesus. But when false leaders are set on their owntraditions, by which they make void the Word of God - such truth makes noimpression upon them. You can lead a horse to water - but you can'tmake him drink!
6:6-11 - The milk of human kindness was dried up in the veins of the Pharisees. Their human tradition took precedence over all human need! And whatwill their fate be at the point of death? A rudeawakening - but too late the light of eternal truth! During life, all they wanted to do was shut Jesus up - even though He was the Son of God, the Promised Messiah, the One who came as Son of :man in the Name of Jehovah!
6:12-19 - It is interesting to note here that Jesus chose from amongst His hundreds and thousands of disciples - but 12 to be with Him, whom He also named apostles. It is easy to miss the significance of this verse, even from among scholars. And these 12 were special apostles, in that they were witnesses of Jesus' 3 years of ministry, His death, His Resurrection and His Ascension. Judas was replaced by Matthias, who fulfilled the above requirements.
Later 12 other apostles are mentioned in the NT, but they did not fulfill these special requirements of the original 12. Barnabas and Saul in Acts 13:13 were noted among prophets and teachers in the church of Antioch. But when they returned from their first missionary journey, they returned as Paul and Barnabas, apostles. Paul of course had seenthe resurrected Christ in clear vision, and for 3 years in the Arabian desert received direct revelation from Christ concerning the 27 “mysteries” of the NT. Because of this, Peter, apostle of the circumcision, recognized Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, as one endowed with Kingdom revelation and understanding superior to any of the 12.
Notice 6:19 - power(DUna-mis) came forth from Jesus' body when touched, that brought healing and deliverance from demons for as many as touched. Later, Peter's shadow did the same thing; and handkerchiefs or cloths taken from Paul's body did the same thing.
6:20-23 - Compare the list of Beatitudes here in Luke with Matthew's list in 5:1-12. There are fewer listed here, but it is relevant what islisted. Again, there is nocontradiction in the various Gospel recordings. It is just the normal divergences that would be recorded by different witnesses. Those who search for contradictions, are like the nit-picking Pharisees who are dedicated to protect their human traditions. They will notbe changed. Cease trying. Rather, go to the poor and lost - many of them willhear us gladly. And we must remember - God by His foreknowledge knows all who are open to His call. We do not. So it behooves us like good salesmen - to present Jesus to everycreature. There is this hidden selection by foreknowledge of God - who willrespond. The angels of heaven rejoice over each one of these we present with the Good News of God's Kingdom in Jesus - who willrespond. J.A.W.