C. 4:1-13 GOD ALLOWS SATAN TO TEST JESUS
a. 4:1 HOLY SPIRIT LEADS JESUS TO BE TESTED
IeSOUS de, PLEres PNEUma-tos HaGIou, huPEstre-psen aPO tou IorDAnou,
And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan,
kai Ege-toen to PNEUma-ti en te eREmoheMEras tes-seRAkon-ta, pei-raZOme-nos huPO tou di-aBOlou.
and was led in the Spirit in the wilderness forty days, being tempted of the devil.
b. 4:2 And he ate nothing in those :days: and when they were completed, he hungered.
kai ouk Epha-gen  ouDEN en tais heMErais eKEInais: kai su-te-les-theiSON auTON, ePEIna-sen.
c. 4:3 And the devil said to him, If you are :God's Son, say to this stone that it become bread.
EIpen de auTOho diAbo-los, Ei huiOS ei tou TheOU, eiPE toLItho TOUto HIna GEne-tai ARtos.
d. 4:4 And :Jesus answered unto him, It is written that :Man shall not live by bread alone.
kai a-peKRIthepros auTON ho IeSOUS, GEgrap-tai [HOti] Ouk ep' ARtoMOnoZEse-tai ho ANthro-pos.
e. 4:5 SECOND TEMPTATION
kai a-na-gaGON auTON, Edei-xen auTO PAsas tas ba-siLEIas
And he led him up, andshowed him all the kingdoms
tes oi-kouMEnes en stigME CHROnou .
of the inhabited earth in a moment of time.
f. 4:6 TEMPTATION DETAILS
kai EIpen auTOho diAbo-los, Soi DOsoten e-xouSIan TAUten HApa-san,
And the devil said to him, To you will I give the whole of this :authority,
kai ten DOxan auTON, HOti eMOI pa-raDEdo-tai ; kai ho an THElo, DIdo-mi auTEN.
and the glory of them, because it has been delivered to me; and to whoever I will, I give it.
g. 4:7 If you therefore will worship before me, it shall all be yours.
su oun eAN pro-skuNEses eNOpi-on eMOU, EStai sou PAsa.
h. 4:8 SCRIPTURAL REBUTTAL
kai a-po-kriTHEIS ho IeSOUS EIpen auTO, GEgrap-tai,
And :Jesus answered andsaid to him, It is written,
KUri-on ton TheON sou pro-skuNEseis, kai auTO MOno laTREUseis .
You shall worship theLord your God, and him alone shall you serve.
i. 4:9-11 THIRD TEMPTATION
Ega-gen de auTON eis Ie-rou-saLEM, kai Este-sen ePI to pteRUgi-on to hi-eROU, kai EIpen auTO,
And he led him to Jerusalem, and set himon the wing of the temple, and said to him,
Ei huiOS ei tou TheOU, BAle se-auTON enTEUthen KAto: GEgrap-tai gar [HOti],
If you are God's Son, cast yourself down from here: 10for it is written [that],
Tois agGElois auTOU en-teLEItai  peRI sou, tou di-a-phuLAxai  se:
He shall give his :angels charge concerning you, to guard you:
kai [HOti], E-PI cheiRON aROU-SIN se, ME po-te proSKOpses  pros LIthon ton POda sou.
11and [that], On theirhands they shall bear you up, Lest by chance you dash your :foot against a stone.
j. 4:12 And :Jesus answered andsaid to him [that], It is said, You shall not make trial of theLord your :God.
kai a-po-kriTHEIS EIpen auTOho IeSOUS [HOti], EIre-tai, Ouk ek-peiRAseis KUri-on ton TheON sou.
k. 4:13 And when the devil had completed every temptation, he departed from him until a season.
kai sun-teLEsas  PANta pei-rasMON  ho diAbo-los, aPEsteap' auTOU Achri kaiROU.
D. 4:14-15 BEGINNING MINISTRY OF POWER, WORD AND GLORY
a. 4:14 POWER FOLLOWED FASTING AND SUCCESSFUL TESTING ENCOUNTER
Kai huPEstre-psen ho IeSOUS en te duNAmei  tou PNEUma-tos eis ten Ga-liLAIan:
And :Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into :Galilee:
kai PHEme  eXELthen kath' HOles tes pe-riCHOrou  peRI auTOU.
and a fame went out concerning him through the whole region round about.
b. 4:15 And HE was teaching in their :synagogues, being glorified of all.
kai auTOS eDIda-sken en tais su-na-goGAIS auTON, do-xaZOme-nos huPO PANton.
E. 4:16-30 HIS CREDENTIALS REJECTED IN NAZARETH
a. 4:16 JESUS IN SYNAGOGUE OF NAZARETH
Kai ELthen eis Na-zaRA, hou en teth-ramMEnos :
And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up:
kai eiSELthen, kaTA to ei-oTHOS auTO, en te heMEra
and he entered, as his :custom was, into the synagogue
ton sabBAton eis ten su-na-goGEN kai aNEste a-nagNOnai .
on the day of the sabbaths and stood up to read.
b. 4:17a And he was handed thescroll of the prophet Isaiah.
kai e-peDOtheauTObibLIon tou proPHEtou E-SAIou.
c. 4:17b-19 HE READS FROM ISAIAH
kai aNOIxas  to bibLIon, HEUren ton TOpon hou en ge-gramMEnon, PNEUma KuRIou ep' eME,
And he opened the scroll, andfound the place where it was written, 18The Lord's Spirit isupon me,
hou EIne-ken EchriSEN  me eu-ag-geLIsas-thai  ptoCHOIS ;
Because he anointed me to preach good tidings to the poor;
aPEstalKEN me keRUxai aich-maLOtois  Aphe-sin ,
Has sent me to proclaim release to captives,
kai tuphLOIS  aNAble-psin , a-poSTEIlai teth-rausMEnous  en aPHEsei ,
and sight to the blind, To set free the bruised,
keRUxai e-ni-auTON  KuRIou dekTON .
19To proclaim the Lord's acceptable year.
d. 4:20 ATTENDEES PAY ATTENTION
kai PTUxas  to bibLIon, a-poDOUS  to hu-peREte , eKAthi-sen:
And he rolled up the scroll, andgave it back to the attendant, and sat down:
kai PANton hoi oph-thalMOI en te su-na-goGE Esan a-teNIzon-tes  auTO.
and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fastened on him.
e. 4:21 And he began to say unto them [that], Today has this :scripture been fulfilled in your :ears.
ERxa-to de LEgein pros auTOUS [Oti], SEme-ron pePLEro-tai he graPHEHAUte en tois oSIN huMON.
f. 4:22 CONGREGATION WONDERS AND QUESTIONS
kai PANtes e-marTUroun auTO, kai eTHAUma-zon 
And all bore him witness, and wondered
ePI tois LOgois tes CHAri-tos tois ek-po-reuMEnois ek tou STOma-tos auTOU:
at the words of :grace :proceeding out of his :mouth:
kai Ele-gon, OuCHI huiOS es-tin IoSEPH HOUtos?
and they said, Is not this Joseph's son?
g. 4:23 PHYSICIAN, HEAL YOURSELF
kai EIpen pros auTOUS,
And he said unto them,
PANtos eREI-TE moi ten pa-ra-boLEN  TAUten, IaTRE , theRApeu-son  se-auTON:
Doubtless you will say to me this :parable, Healer, cure yourself:
HOsa eKOUsa-men geNOme-na eis ten Ka-phar-naOUM, POIe-son kai HOde en te paTRIdi  sou.
whatever we have heard taking place at Capernaum, do also here in your own :country.
h. 4:24 And he said, Amen I say unto you that no prophet is acceptable in his own :country.
EIpen de, A-MEN LEgo huMIN HOti ouDEIS proPHEtes dekTOS  es-tin en te paTRIdi auTOU.
i. 4:25-26 A HARSH BUT TRUE APPLICATION
ep' a-leTHEIas de LEgo huMIN, polLAI CHErai  Esan en tais heMErais E-LEIou en to Is-raEL,
But of a truth I say unto you, Many widows were in :Israel in the days of Elijah,
HOte eKLEISthe  ho ou-raNOS Ete TRIa kai MEnas hex,
when the heaven was shut up three years and six months,
hos eGEne-to liMOS  MEgas ePI PAsan ten gen;
as a great famine came over all the land;
kai pros ou-deMIan auTON ePEMPHthe E-LEIas, ei me eis SArep-ta,
26and unto none of them was Elijah sent, but only to Sarepta,
tes Si-doNIas, pros guNAIka, CHEran.
in theland of Sidon, unto a woman, a widow.
j. 4:27 THE APPLICATION DRIVEN HOME
kai polLOI lePROI  Esan en to Is-raEL ePI EliSAIou tou proPHEtou;
And many lepers were in :Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet;
kai ouDEIS auTON e-ka-thaRISthe , ei me NaiMAN ho SUros.
and none of them were cleansed, but only Naiman the Syrian.
k. 4:28-29 A MURDEROUS REACTION
kai ePLESthe-san PANtes thuMOU  en te su-na-goGE, aKOUon-tes TAUta;
And all in the synagogue were filled with wrath, as they heard these things;
kai a-naSTANtes, eXEba-lon  auTON Exo tes POle-os,
29 and they rose up, andcast him forth out of the city,
kai Ega-gon auTON HEos ophRUos  tou Orous 
and led him unto the brow of the hill
eph' hou he POlis o-koDOme-to  auTON, HOste ka-ta-kremNIsai  auTON.
on which their :city was built, that they might throw him down headlong.
l. 4:30 But HE passing through themidst of them went his way.
auTOS de di-elTHON  diA MEsou auTON e-poREUe-to .
NOTE: 4:1-3 - God Allows Satan to Test Jesus, just as He allowed Job to be severely tested. There is a different order in the temptations Satan set before Jesus as recorded in Luke than in Matthew. For me, this does not pose a problem. As a matter of fact, it but confirms the divine inspiration of the Scriptures. When any four of us would today be witnesses to the same event, we would individually record it with slight differences. The overall record would be the same. The differences would only confirm that the four were true witnesses of the event. In any case, it will do us well to look again at this event as recorded by Matthew. And - in the light of God's Bible Numerics as discovered and worked out by Panin, we have yet anotherevidence of the mathematical proof of the verbal inspiration of our Bible.
4:14-15 - Note here, that the miracles of Jesus did not commence with being baptized in the Holy Spirit. They awaited the 40 days of fasting and prayer in the desert, followed by His successful warding off the 3-fold testing of Satan. Jesus parried Satan's three testings by quoting Scripture. It was after all of thisthat He returned in the power(DUna-mis) of the Holy Spirit. Many have wondered at the weakness and lack of signs following in their own ministries - as they proclaimed the word. Could it be a lack of prayer and fasting, and successfully resisting the temptations of Satan? Paul had those three years in the deserts of Arabia, receiving unusual insights into the 27 “mysteries” of God - before God used him in the ministry. And even then, he had hidden years in Tarsus before Barnabas found him there and made possible their ministry together that started in Antioch.
4:16-30 - Jesus did not start His ministry in Nazareth, but in Capernaum. And when He returned to Nazareth, His credentials were rejected, because they had known Him as a boy. They also were either ignorant or forgetful that Joseph was but His step-father, and God Himself was His true Father! This applied also to the place of Jesus' birth - Bethlehem. Because of the order of enrollment by Caesar, Joseph and Mary went there, where Jesus was born, thus fulfilling Micah's prophecy, that Messiah would be born in Bethlehem, not Nazareth. J.A.W.