(From: LUKE #43 - 23:56b-24:32)
H. 23:56b-24:12 PETER CHECKS THE ANGELS' MESSAGE GIVEN TO WOMEN
1. 23:56b-24:11 TESTIMONY OF ANGELS AND WOMEN TO THE RESURRECTION
a. 23:56b And on the sabbath they rested according to the commandment.
Kai to men SABba-ton heSUcha-san kaTA ten en-toLEN.
b. 24:1 THE WOMEN COME TO THE TOMB
te de miA ton sabBAton, ORthrou  baTHEos ,
But on the first dayof the week, at early dawn,
ePI to MNEma ELthan, PHErou-sai ha heTOIma-san aROma-ta.
they came unto the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
c. 24:2 And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb.
HEUron de ton LIthon a-po-ke-ku-lisMEnon aPO tou mneMEIou.
d. 24:3 And they entered in, andfound not the body of the Lord Jesus.
ei-selTHOUsai de, ouch HEUron to SOma tou KuRIou IeSOU.
e. 24:4-5 QUESTION OF THE TWO ANGELS
kai eGEne-to, en to a-poREISthai  auTAS peRI TOUtou,
And it came to pass, while they were perplexed concerning this,
[kai] iDOU, ANdres DUo ePEste-san auTAIS en esTHEti  a-strapTOUse :
[and] lo, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel:
emPHObon  de ge-noMEnon auTON kai kli-nouSON  ta PROso-pa
5and as they were frightened and bowed down their :faces
eis ten gen, EIpan pros auTAS, Ti zeTEIte ton ZONta meTA ton neKRON?
unto the earth, they said unto them, Why do you seek the living oneamong the dead?
f. 24:6-7 THEY REMIND THE WOMEN OF JESUS' PROPHECY
ouk EStin HOde, alLA eGERthe: MNESthe-te  hos eLAle-sen huMIN Eti on en te Ga-liLAIa, LEgon
He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spoke to you when he was yet in :Galilee, 7 saying
ton huiON tou anTHROpou HOti dei pa-ra-doTHEnai  eis CHEIras anTHROpon
that the Son of :man must be delivered up into sinful
ha-mar-toLON, kai stau-roTHEnai , kai te TRIte heMEra a-naSTEnai .
men's hands, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
g. 24:8-9 THE WOMEN REPORT TO THE ELEVEN
kai emNESthe-san ton 'reMAton auTOU, kai hu-poSTREpsa-sai aPO tou mneMEIou,
And they remembered his :words, 9and returned from the tomb,
aPEGgei-lan  TAUta PANta tois ENde-ka, kai PAsi tois loiPOIS.
andreported all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
h. 24:10 NAMES OF THESE WOMEN
Esan de he Mag-da-leNEMaRIa, kai IoAna,
Now they were Mary :Magdalene, and Joana,
kai MaRIa he IaKObou: kai hai loiPAI sun auTAIS Ele-gon pos tous a-poSTOlous TAUta.
and Mary the motherof James: and the other womenwith them told these thingsunto the apostles.
i. 24:11 And these :words appeared in their sight as idle talk; and they disbelieved them.
kai ePHAne-san  eNOpi-on auTON hoSEI LEros  ta 'REma-ta TAUta;
2. 24:12 PETER CHECKS THE EMPTY TOMB
Ho de PEtros a-naSTAS, Edra-men ePI to mneMEIon; kai pa-raKUpsas ,
But :Peter arose, andran unto the tomb; and stooping over,
BLEpei ta oTHOni-a  MOna; kai aPELthen pros auTON, thauMAzon  to ge-goNOS.
he sees the linen cloths by themselves; and he departed to his home, wondering at what was come to pass.
I. 24:13-49 RESURRECTION PROOF AND GOSPEL EMPOWERMENT
1. 24:13-32 JESUS REVEALS SELF TO TWO ON EMMAUS ROAD
a. 24:13 TWO ON ROAD TO EMMAUS
Kai iDOU, DUo ex auTON en auTE te heMEra Esan po-reuOme-noi eis KOmen
And lo, two of them were going that very day to a village called
aPEchou-san staDIous  heXEkon-ta aPO Ie-rou-saLEM, he Ono-ma Em-maOUS.
Emmaus, which was threescore furlongs from Jerusalem.
b. 24:14 And THEY communed with each other of all these thingswhich had happened.
kai auTOI hoMIloun pros alLElous peRI PANton ton sum-be-beKOton TOUton.
c. 24:15 JESUS JOINS THEM
kai eGEne-to, en to ho-miLEIN auTOUS kai su-zeTEIN ,
And it came to pass, while they communed and questioned together,
kai auTOS IeSOUS egGIsas, su-ne-poREUe-to  auTOIS.
that Jesus himself drew near, andwent with them.
d. 24:16 But their :eyes were held that they should not know him.
hoi de oph-thalMOI auTON e-kraTOUNto  tou me e-pigNOnai auTON.
e. 24:17a And he said unto them, what :words arethese that you exchange one with another, as you walk?
EIpen de pros auTOUS, TInes hoi LOgoi HOUtoi hous an-tiBALle-te pros alLElous, pe-ri-paTOUNtes?
f. 24:17b And they stood still, sadfaced. kai eSTAthesan, sku-throPOI .
g. 24:18 QUESTION OF CLEOPAS
a-po-kriTHEIS de heis, oNOma-ti KleOpas, EIpen pros auTON,
And one Cleopas by name, answering said unto him,
Su MOnos pa-roiKEIS Ie-rou-saLEM kai ouk EGnos ta geNOme-na en auTE en tais heMErais TAUtais?
Do you alone sojourn in Jerusalem and not know the thingscome to pass in it in these :days?
h. 24:19a And he said to them, What things? kai EIpen auTOIS, POIa?
i. 24:19b-20 THEIR REPORT TO JESUS
hoi de EIpan auTO, Ta peRI IeSOU tou Na-za-reNOU, hos eGEne-to [aNER] proPHEtes,
And they said to him, Those concerning Jesus the Nazarene, who was a [man] prophet,
du-naTOS en ERgo kai LOgo e-nanTIon tou TheOU kai panTOS tou laOU:
mighty in deed and word before :God and all the people:
HOpos te paREdo-kan auTON hoi ar-chi-eREIS kai hoi ARchon-tes heMON
20and how the chief priests and our :rulers
eis KRIma thaNAtou, kai eSTAUro-san  auTON.
delivered him unto sentence of death, and crucified him.
j. 24:21a But we hoped that he it was who should redeem :Israel.
heMEIS de elPIzo-men HOti auTOS es-tin ho MELlon luTROUSthai ton Is-raEL.
k. 24:21b Yes and besides all this, it is now thethird day since these thingscame to pass.
alLA ge kai sun PAsin TOUtois, TRIten TAUten heMEran Agei aph' hou TAUta eGEne-to.
l. 24:22-23 THEY TELL THE WOMEN'S REPORT
alLA kai guNAI-KES ti-nes ex heMON eXEste-san  heMAS, geNOme-nai or-thriNAI ePI to mneMEIon;
Moreover certain women of ours amazed us, having been early at the tomb;
kai me heuROUsai to SOma auTOU, ELthan, LEgou-sai,
23and when they did not find his :body, they came, saying,
kai op-taSIan  agGElon he-o-raKEnai , hoi LEgou-sin auTON zen.
they had also seen a vision of angels, who say he is alive.
m. 24:24 THEIR FURTHER REPORT
kai aPELthan ti-nes ton sun heMIN ePI to mneMEIon, kai HEUron HOUtos,
And certain of those with us went to the tomb, and found itso,
kaTHOS hai guNAIkes EIpon: auTON de ouk EIdon.
just as the women had said: but him they did not see.
n. 24:25 JESUS' REBUKE
kai auTOS EIpen pros auTOUS, O aNOe-toi , kai braDEIS  te karDIa
And HE said unto them, O foolish, and slow of :heart
tou piSTEUein ePI PAsin hois eLAle-san hoi proPHEtai!
to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!
o. 24:26 Did it not behoove the Christ to suffer these things, and to enter into his :glory?
ouCHI TAUta Edei paTHEIN ton ChrisTON, kai ei-selTHEIN eis ten DOxan auTOU?
p. 24:27 HE DETAILS SCRIPTURES RELATING TO HIMSELF
kai arXAme-nos aPO Mo-uSEos kai aPO PANton ton pro-pheTON,
And beginning from Moses and from all the prophets,
di-erMEneu-sen  auTOIS en PAsais tais graPHAIS ta peRI he-auTOU.
he interpreted to them in all the scriptures the thingsconcerning himself.
q. 24:28 THEY ARRIVE AT EMMAUS
kai EGgi-san eis te KOmen, hou e-poREUon-to:
And they drew nigh unto the village, where they were going:
kai auTOS pro-se-poiEsa-to  porROte-ron  poREUes-thai.
and HE made as thoughhe would go further.
r. 24:29a THE TWO INVITE HIM FOR HOSPITALITY
kai pa-re-biAsan-to  auTON, LEgon-tes, MEInon meth' heMON;
And they urged him, saying, Abide with us;
HOti pros heSPEran  esTIN, kai KEkli-ken  Ede he heMEra.
for it is toward evening, and the day is now far spent.
s. 24:29b And he went in :to abide with them. kai eiSELthen tou MEInai sun auTOIS.
t. 24:30 HE BLESSED AND BROKE BREAD
kai eGEne-to, en to ka-ta-kliTHEnai auTON met' auTON,
And it came to pass, when he had sat down with them to meat,
laBON ton ARton euLOge-sen; kai KLAsas , e-peDIdou auTOIS.
he took the loaf andblessed; and breaking it, he gave to them.
u. 24:31 THIS ACT OPENED THEIR EYES
auTON de di-eNOICHthe-san  hoi oph-thalMOI, kai ePEGno-san  auTON;
And their :eyes were opened, and they knew him;
kai auTOS Aphan-tos  eGEne-to ap' auTON.
and HE vanished out of their sight.
v. 24:32 BLESSEDNESS OF COMMUNION WITH CHRIST
kai EIpan pros alLElous, OuCHI he karDIa heMON kai-oMEne  en,
And they said one unto another, Was not our :heart burning,
hos aLAlei heMIN en te hoDO, hos diEnoi-gen  heMIN tas graPHAS?
while he spoke to us in the way, as he opened to us the scriptures?
NOTE: (2010-12-31) - 23:56b-24:12 - The women at the Tomb on the 3rdday, were frightened by the two men in dazzling clothes. In 24:23 the two on the road to Emmaus told Jesus that the women reported to the eleven that they were angels. Church tradition often sees angels as women or cherubs. In the Scriptures we only find them in the appearance of men. Isn't it odd how traditions creep into the Word of God, and we end up believing the traditions more than the Scriptures? Jesus says in Matthew 15 that we make voidthe Word of God by our traditions. The pure word of God is like manna. We get tired of it, and want something different and exciting. Much better for us to stick with the pure word of God - nottaking from it (like the Sadducees), nor adding to it (like the Pharisees - through the Talmud and Mishna). We need to remember the acronym KISS- Keep It Simple (pure), Sweetie!
The apostles did not receive the women's report! Jesus later rebuked them for their unbelief. They should have believed the women, to whom Jesus revealed Himself first in His Resurrection state! Faith is an act of the will! We can chooseto believe, or reject the evidence and testimony.
24:13-32 - This account of the two on the Road to Emmaus has very practical lessons for us. We are now on “Resurrection” ground. Apart from Jesus' resurrection, our faith would be void, says the Spirit through the apostle Paul. “Jesus is Risen” - was a common greeting by those in the early church. One friend of ours from Lebanon says that we all ought to live as if “Jesus died yesterday - Rose today - and is returning tomorrow!” Such a way of living would change us drastically!
Jesus in His Resurrection body, is much different than prior to His Crucifixion. He said - “I have a baptism to be baptized with (His death) - and howam I hemmed in until that takes place.” But following His Resurrection - after 40 days - He ascended to heaven, and 10 days later from the Father - poured out the Holy Spirit uponus on the Day of Pentecost. Jesus has notbeen hemmed in since. Yet, the Kingdom today is invisible to the world - it is inwardin us by the Holy Spirit. Upon Christ's return it will be visible- and as Lord of lords and King of kings - no onewill then be in any doubt concerning the Lordship of Jesus over His earthly Kingdom for 1000 years. It is this visible, manifested Kingdom that we pray for in the Lord's prayer - when we pray to our Heavenly Father - Your Kingdom Come!
Then notice how Jesus brought the Emmaus two up to date in understanding the necessity of His Death and Resurrection. He reasoned from the Scriptures, applying them to Himself - as God's Messiah! He went through Moses and the Pentateuch - the Jewish Torah - then the Prophets, and lastly the Writings. These contain the 24 books of the OT (equivalent to the 39 of the church) - and Jews still follow the order Jesus used here. Our Reading Guide - “Through the Bible in a Year” - will soon appear on our Website, and follows this order in the OT, and the Bible Numeric order in the New. This also confirms the correctness of the Jewish order. Why we in the church changed the OT order I have not been able to establish - but I can guess.
Notice too the nature of Jesus' Resurrection Body - He could appear and disappear at will. He could put a holding on our eyes so that we cannot recognize Him until he chooses. He can eat - and when we receive our Resurrection bodies at the Return of Jesus - we will then join Him in these unusual manifestations. J.A.W.