(From: LUKE #39 - 22:1-38)
XII. 22:1-24:53 THE HEART OF THE GOSPEL
A. 22:1-6 DEATH OF CHRIST PLANNED BY LEADERS AND JUDAS
1. 22:1-2 JESUS' DEATH PLOTTED AT PASSOVER
a. 22:1 Now the feast of :unleavened loavesdrew near, which is called Passover.
EGgi-zen de he he-orTEton aZUmon , hele-goMEnePAScha .
b. 22:2 And the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might slay him; for they feared the people.
kai eZEtoun hoi ar-chi-eREIS kai hoi gram-maTEIS to pos aNElo-sin auTON; e-phoBOUNta gar ton laON.
2. 22:3-6 SATAN FINDS IN JUDAS A TOOL
a. 22:3 And Satan entered into Judas, the onecalled Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.
EiSELthen de Sa-taNAS eis IOUdan, ton kaLOUme-non Is-ka-riOten, ONta ek tou a-rithMOU ton DOde-ka.
b.22:4 And he went away, andconversed with the chief priests and captains,:how he might deliver him to them.
kai a-pelTHON, su-neLAle-sen tois ar-chi-eREUsin kai stra-teGOIS, to pos auTOIS pa-raDO  auTON.
c. 22:5 And they rejoiced, and agreed to give him money.
kai eCHAre-san , kai suNEthen-to auTOarGUri-on DOUnai.
d. 22:6 And he consented, and sought opportunity to deliver him to them in theabsence of a crowd.
kai e-xo-moLOge-sen , kai eZEtei eu-kaiRIan  tou pa-raDOUnai auTON Ater OCHlou auTOIS.
B. 22:7-38 LAST PREPARATIONS FOR COMING KINGDOM (BY DEATH)
1. 22:7-13 MIRACULOUS PREPARATION FOR JESUS' LAST PASSOVER
a. 22:7 And the day of :unleavened loavescame, when the passover must be sacrificed.
ELthen de heheMEra ton aZUmon, heEdei THUes-thai to PAScha.
b. 22:8 JESUS SENDS TWO TO PREPARE THE PASSOVER
kai aPEstei-len PEtron kai IoAnen, eiPON,
And he sent Peter and John, saying,
Po-reuTHENtes he-toiMAsa-te  heMIN to PAScha, HIna PHAgo-men.
Go andprepare for us the passover, that we may eat.
c. 22:9 And they said to him, Where will you thatwe make ready?
hoi de EIpan auTO, Pou THEleis he-toiMAso-men?
d. 22:10 A SIGN
ho de EIpen auTOIS, I-DOU, ei-selTHONton huMON eis ten POlin,
And he said to them, Lo, when you are entered into the city,
su-nanTEsei  huMIN ANthro-pos keRAmi-on  HUda-tos baSTAzon ;
a man shall meet you bearing a pitcher of water;
a-ko-louTHEsa-te auTO eis ten oiKIan eis hen eis-poREUe-tai.
follow him into the house into which he goes.
e. 22:11 WHAT THEY ARE TO SAY
kai eREIte to oi-ko-deSPOte  tes oiKIas, LEgei soi ho diDAska-los, POU es-tin to kaTAlu-ma ,
And you shall say unto the house-master, The Teacher says to you, Where is the guest-chamber,
HOpou to PAScha meTA ton ma-theTON mou PHAgo?
where I shall eat the passover with my :disciples?
f. 22:12 And HE will show you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.
ka' 'KEInos huMIN DEIxei aNAgai-on MEga e-stroMEnon : eKEI he-toiMAsa-te.
g. 22:13 And they went, andfound as he had said to them: and they prepared the passover.
a-pelTHONtes de, HEUron kaTHOS eiREkei auTOIS: kai heTOIma-san to PAScha.
2. 22:14-23 LORD'S SUPPER SET AS MEMORIAL - BETRAYER REVEALED
a. 22:14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the apostles with him.
Kai HOte eGEne-to heHOra, aNEpe-sen, kai hoi aPOsto-loi sun auTO.
b. 22:15-16 THE DESIRE OF JESUS
kai EIpen pros auTOUS, E-pi-thuMIa  e-peTHUmesa  TOUto to PAScha phaGEIN
And he said unto them, With desire have I desired to eat this :passover
meth' huMON pro TOU me paTHEIN : LEgo gar huMIN,
with you before I suffer: 16for I say unto you,
[HOti] ou me PHAgo auTO, HEos HOtou ple-roTHE en te ba-siLEIa tou TheOU.
I shall not eat it, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of :God.
c. 22:17-18 THE CUP EXPLAINED
kai deXAme-nos poTEri-on, eu-cha-riSTEsas , EIpen,
And he received a cup, andwhen he had given thanks, he said,
LAbe-te TOUto, kai di-a-meRIsa-te  eis he-auTOUS: LEgo gar huMIN,
Take this, and divide it among yourselves: 18for I say unto you,
ou me PIo aPO tou nun aPO tou geNEma-tos  tes amPElou, HEos hou he ba-siLEIa tou TheOU ELthe.
I shall not drink from now on of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of :God come.
d. 22:19 THE LOAF EXPLAINED
kai laBON ARton, eu-cha-riSTEsas, Ekla-sen ,
And he took a loaf, andwhen he had given thanks, he broke it,
kai Edo-ken auTOIS, LEgon, TOU-TO es-tin to SO-MA  mou to huPER huMON diDOme-non:
and gave to them, saying, This is my body :given for you:
TOUto poiEIte eis ten eMEN aNAMne-sin .
this do in :remembrance of me.
e. 22:20 THE NEW COVENANT IN JESUS' BLOOD
kai to poTEri-on heSAUtos meTA to deipNEsai , LEgon,
And the cup in like manner after :supper, saying,
TOUto to poTEri-on he kaiNE di-aTHEke  en to HAImaTI mou, to huPER huMON ek-chunNOme-non.
This :cup is the new covenant in my :blood, :shed for you.
f. 22:21 But lo, the hand of him that delivers me up iswith me on the table.
plen iDOU, hecheir tou pa-ra-diDONtes me met' eMOU ePI tes traPEzes.
g. 22:22 THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF OUR LORD'S DEATH FORE-ORDAINED
HOti ho huiOS men tou anTHROpou kaTA to ho-risMEnon , poREUe-tai:
For the Son of :man indeed goes, as is determined:
plen ouAI  to anTHROpo eKEIno di' hou pa-raDIdo-tai!
but woe to that :man through whom he is delivered up!
h. 22:23 QUESTIONING OF THE APOSTLES
kai auTOI ERxan-to su-zeTEIN pros he-auTOUS,
And THEY began to question among themselves,
to tis Ara EIeex auTON ho TOUto MELlon PRASsein.
as to which of them it was that should do this.
3. 22:24-34 GREATNESS IN KINGDOM MEASURED BY HUMBLE SERVICE
a. 22:24 And a contention also arose among them, as to which of them was accounted to be greater.
E-GEne-to de kai phi-lo-neiKIa  en auTOIS, to tis auTON doKEI EInai MEIzon.
b. 22:25 JESUS POINTS OUT STANDARD OF WORLD
ho de EIpen auTOIS, Hoi ba-siLEIS ton ethNON ku-riEUou-sin  auTON;
And he said to them, The kings of the nations lord it over them;
kai hoi e-xou-siAzon-tes  auTON eu-erGEtai  kaLOUNtai.
and who have authority over them are called Benefactors.
c. 22:26 BUT THISNOT TO BE THEIR STANDARD
huMEIS de ouch, HOUtos: all' ho MEIzon en huMIN, giNEStho
Not so you, however: but the greater among you, let him become
hos ho neOte-ros ; kai ho heGOUme-nos, hos ho di-a-koNON .
as the younger; and who is chief, as he that serves.
d. 22:27 JESUS SETS HIMSELF AS THEIR EXAMPLE
tis gar MEIzon, ho a-naKEIme-nos, e ho di-a-koNON?
For who is greater, who sits at meat, or who serves?
ouCHI ho a-naKEIme-nos? eGO de en MEso huMON ei-mi hos ho di-a-koNON.
not who sits at meat? but I am in themidst of you as who serves.
e. 22:28-30 REWARD OF FAITHFULNESS
HuMEIS DE es-te hoi di-a-me-me-neKOtes  met' eMOU en tois pei-rasMOIS  mou;
But YOU are they that have continued with me in my :trials;
ka' 'GO di-aTIthe-mai  huMIN, kaTHOS diEtheTO moi ho paTER mou, ba-siLEIan,
29and I appoint unto you, even as my :Father appointed unto me a kingdom,
HIna esTHEte kai PIne-te ePI tes traPEzes mou en te ba-siLEIa mou,
30that you may eat and drink at my :table in my :kingdom,
kai kaTHEses-the ePI THROnon  tas DOde-ka phuLAS  KRInon-tes tou Is-raEL.
and shall sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of :Israel.
f. 22:31-32 MEANS OF SECURITY FROM SATAN'S MALICE
SImon, SImon, iDOU, ho Sa-taNAS e-xeTEsa-to  huMAS,
Simon, Simon, lo, :Satan demanded to have you,
tou si-niAsai  hos ton SIton: eGO de e-deEthen  peRI sou, HIna me eKLIpe  he PIstis sou;
to sift you as :grain: 32but I made supplication for you, that your :faith fail not;
kai SU po-te e-piSTREpsas , STEri-son  tous a-delPHOUS sou.
and when once YOU have turned again, establish your :brethren.
g. 22:33 And he said to him, Lord, with you I am ready to go both to prison and to death.
ho de EIpen auTO, KUri-e, meTA sou HEtoiMOS ei-mi kai eis phu-laKEN kai eis THAna-ton poREUes-thai.
h. 22:34 JESUS NULLIFIES HIS TESTIMONY
ho de EIpen, LEgo soi, PEtre, ou phoNEsei SEme-ron aLEKtor ,
And he said, I tell you, Peter, the cock shall not crow today,
HEos TRIS me a-parNEse  eiDEnai.
until you shall thrice deny that you know me.
4. 22:35-38 JESUS PREPARES FOR FULFILLMENT OF LAST PROPHECIES
a. 22:35a QUESTION
Kai EIpen auTOIS, HOte aPEstei-la huMAS Ater bal-lanTIou ,
And he said to them, When I sent you forth without purse,
kai PEras , kai hu-po-deMAton , ME ti-nos hu-steREsa-te ?
and wallet, and shoes, did you lack anything?
b. 22:35b And they said, Nothing. hoi de EIpan, Ou-theNOS.
c. 22:36 A STRANGE COMMAND
EIpen de auTOIS, alLA nun, ho Echon balLANti-on, aRAto, hoMOIos kai PEran;
And he said to them, But now, who has a purse, let him take it, likewise also a wallet;
kai ho me Echon, po-leSAto  to hiMAti-on auTOU, kai a-go-raSAto  MAchai-ran .
and who has none, let him sell his :cloak, and buy a sword.
d. 22:37 IT HAS TO DO WITH PROPHECY
LEgo gar huMIN HOti TOUto to ge-gramMEnon dei te-lesTHEnai  en eMOI,
For I say unto you that this which is written must be fulfilled in me,
to Kai meTA aNOmon  e-loGISthe : kai gar, to peRI eMOU TElos Echei.
:And he was reckoned with thelawless: yes, what concerns me has fulfillment.
e. 22:38a And they said, Lord, lo, here are two swords.
hoi de EIpan, KUri-e, Idou, MAchai-rai HOde DUo.
f. 22:38b And he said to them, It is enough. ho de EIpen auTOIS, Hi-kaNON es-tin.
NOTE: (2010-12-30) - 22:1-6 - When evil plans, the two extremes come together: Jewish leaders - and Satan in Judas. Jesus chose Judas as one of the twelve, knowing that according to Scripture he was to betray Him! - and - all for money - because he was a thief.
22:7-13 - The gifts of the Spirit moved through Jesus constantly and with complete ease. The Holy Spirit in Him was the secret for all of this, and all the gifts were in the Spirit. And because Jesus was completely yielded to the Father, therefore the Spirit had complete access through Him. Jesus has given His heritage of the Spirit to us - so if and when we are completely yielded to Jesus and the Father like Rees Howells - then the Spirit can and will move as freely through us. God is no respecter of persons! Our faith in complete yieldedness is the key for God to use us. Our Utmost - for His Highest! Personal, passionate devotion to Jesus is another way of looking at this.
So in the passage before us, Jesus sets up the Passover arrangements through Peter and John. One man has written a book entitled, “Jesus - 100% Man of Faith.” Jesus did notdo His miracles as God. Coming to earth as the Son of :man, He emptied Himself of all the prerogatives of the Godhead, and set us a perfect humanexample as the son of man. What He did in the Spirit as son of :man - we alsocan do. Peter and Paul are examples of the Acts of the Holy Spirit through believers in the book of Acts.
22:14-23 - This is one of the saddest portions of Scripture. The fate of Judas was not just a suicide - it is everlasting punishment with Satan and his angels. Some say - We can't believe that from a God of love! That's because such ones have not submitted to God and His Word as true disciples. They are in danger of the words of Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount, Mathew 7:21-23 - “Not every one that says to me, Lord, Lord, shall enterinto the kingdom of the heavens; but who doesthe will of my :Father who isin the heavens. 22Many will say to me in that :day Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your :name, and in your :name cast our demons, and in your :name do many mighty works? 23And then will I profess to them [that] I never knew you: depart from me, youthat work :lawlessness.” I fear that too many evangelists and professing believers will fall into this category. Makeyour calling and election sure. Take no chances with a “hope-so” faith. Eternity is too long to play games down here on earth for a few brief years of 70 plus or minus a few.
22:24-34 - How many leaders in the church today understand this passage and practiceit? Too few, I fear. Oswald Chambers agrees with this analysis.
22:30 sets forth the reward of the 12 apostles, including the replacement of Judas. In the Millennium, Jesus will be indeed King of the Jews - and at the same time King of kings and Lord of lords over allnations of the earth. No doubt this will cause some gnashing of teeth! And why would the Holy Spirit cause Luke to record Peter's 3-fold denial at this point? I can see at least 2 reasons that fit into the context of this passage. As you pray and meditate over this passage - I am sure the Holy Spirit will reveal them to you also.
22:35-38 - Here Jesus as God's Messiah, equips His disciples to fulfill the final stages of His coming to earth - notto be ministered unto - but to minister, and give His life a ransomfor many! J.A.W.