(From: LUKE #34 - 19:1-28)
I. 19:1-10 PURPOSE OF JESUS' COMING: TO SAVE SUCH AS ZACCHAEUS
a. 19:1 And he entered andwas passing through :Jericho.
Kai ei-selTHON diERche-to ten Hi-e-reiCHO.
b. 19:2 ZACCHAEUS
kai iDOU, aNER oNOma-ti kaLOUme-nos ZakCHAIos;
And lo, a man called by name Zacchaeus;
kai auTOS en ar-chi-teLOnes , kai auTOS PLOUsi-os .
and HE was a chief publican, and moreover rich.
c. 19:3 THE PROBLEM WITH ZACCHAEUS
kai eZEtei iDEIN ton IeSOUN TIS es-tin;
And he sought to see :Jesus who he was;
kai ouk eDUna-to aPO tou OCHlou, HOti te heliKIa  miKROS  en.
and could not for the crowd, because he was little of :stature.
d. 19:4 THE STRATAGEM OF ZACCHAEUS
kai pro-draMON eis to EMpros-then, aNEbe ePI su-ko-moREan 
And he ran on :before, andclimbed up a sycamore tree
HIna Ide auTON: HOti eKEIne Emel-len diERches-thai .
to see him: for he was to pass that way.
e. 19:5 THE REQUEST OF JESUS
kai hos ELthen ePI ton TOpon, a-naBLEpsas  ho IeSOUS,
And as :Jesus came to the place, he looked up,
EIpen pros auTON, ZakCHAIe, SKEUsas , kaTAbe-thi ;
andsaid unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, andcome down;
SEme-ron gar en to OIko sou DEI me MEInai.
for today I must abide at your :house.
f. 19:6 And he made haste, andcame down, and received him joyfully.
kai SPEUsas, kaTEbe, kai hu-peDExa-to auTON chaiRON .
g. 19:7 THE MURMURING OF THE CROWD
kai iDONtes PANtes di-eGOGgu-zon , LEgon-tes,
And all murmured, when they saw it, saying,
[HOti] PaRA ha-mar-toLO anDRI eiSELthen ka-taLUsai .
[that] He is gone in to lodge with a sinner [man].
h. 19:8 THE AMAZING OFFER OF ZACCHAEUS
staTHEIS de ZakCHAIos, EIpen pros ton KUri-on, I-DOU,
And Zacchaeus stood, andsaid unto the Lord, Lo, Lord,
ta heMIsiA  mou ton hu-parCHONton , KUri-e, tois ptoCHOIS DIdo-mi;
the half of my :goods I give to the poor;
kai ei tiNOS ti e-su-koPHANte-sa , a-poDIdo-mi te-traPLOUN .
and if I have wrongfully exacted anything of any man, I restore fourfold.
i. 19:9 THE CONVERSION OF ZACCHAEUS
EIpen de pros auTON ho IeSOUS [HOti], SEme-ron so-teRIa
And :Jesus said unto him [that], Today is salvation
to OIko TOUto eGEne-to, kaTHOti kai auTOS huiOS A-braAM es-tin.
come to this :house, inasmuch as he also is Abraham's son.
j. 19:10 THE END FOR WHICH THE SON OF MAN CAME
For the Son of :man came to seek and to save what is lost.
ELthen gar ho huiOS tou anTHROpou zeTEsai kai SOsai to a-po-loLOS .
J. 19:11-28 KINGDOM NOT IMMINENT, BUT REWARDS ARE SURE
a. 19:11 HOW A PARABLE CLARIFIES THE KINGDOM'S MANIFESTATION
AkouONton de auTON TAUta, prosTHEIS EIpen pa-ra-boLEN ,
And as they heard these things, he added andspoke a parable,
diA to enGUS EInai Ie-rou-saLEM auTON, kai doKEIN auTOUS
because he was near to Jerusalem, and they supposed
HOti pa-raCHREma MELlei he ba-siLEIa tou TheOU a-naPHAInes-thai .
that the kingdom of :God was immediately to appear.
b. 19:12 THE NOBLEMAN'S TRIP
EIpen oun, ANthroPOS tis eu-geNES  e-poREUthe eis CHOran maKRAN,
He said therefore, A certain nobleman went into a far country,
laBEIN he-auTO ba-siLEIan, kai hu-poSTREpsai .
to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.
c. 19:13 HE EQUIPS HIS SERVANTS
kaLEsas de DEka DOUlous he-auTOU, Edo-ken auTOIS DEka mnas,
And he called ten of his own bondmen, andgave them ten pounds,
kai EIpen pros auTOUS, prag-maTEUsas-thai  en ho ERcho-mai.
and said unto them, Trade with thesetill I come.
d. 19:14 THE REBELLIOUS CITIZENS
hoi de poLItai  auTOU eMIsoun  auTON, kai aPEstei-lan presBEIan  oPIso auTOU,
But his :citizens hated him, and sent an embassage after him,
LEgon-tes, Ou THElo-men TOUton ba-siLEUsai  eph' heMAS.
saying, We will not that this man reign over us.
e. 19:15 TIME FOR THE SERVANTS TO BE EXAMINED
kai eGEne-to, en to e-pa-nelTHEIN  auTON laBONta ten ba-siLEIan,
And it came to pass, on his return having received the kingdom,
kai EIpen pho-neTHEnai auTO tous DOUlous TOUtous, hois deDOkei to arGUri-on ,
he also ordered these :bondmen, unto whom he had given the silver, to be called to him,
HIna gnoI ti di-e-prag-maTEUsan-to .
that he might know what they had gained by trading.
f. 19:16 And the first came along saying, Lord, your :pound has gained ten pounds more.
pa-reGEne-to de ho PROtos LEgon, KUri-e, he MNA sou DEka pro-serGAsa-to  mnas.
g. 19:17 THE LORD'S RESPONSE
kai EIpen auTO, EUge, a-gaTHE DOUle: HOti en e-laCHIsto 
And he said to him, Well done, good bondman: because you were
piSTOS eGEnou, ISthi e-xouSIan Echon ePAno DEka POle-on.
found faithful in a very little, have authority over ten cities.
h. 19:18 And the second came, saying, Your :pound, Lord, has made five pounds.
kai ELthen ho DEUte-ros, LEgon, HeMNA sou, KUri-e, ePOIe-sen PENte mnas.
i. 19:19 And he said to this onealso, You also be over five cities.
EIpen de kai TOUto, Kai su ePAnoGInou PENte POle-on.
j. 19:20-21 THE THIRD SERVANT'S RESPONSE
kai ho HEte-ros ELthen, LEgon, KUri-e, iDOU, he MNA sou,
And the other came, saying, Lord, lo, your :pound,
hen EIchon a-po-keiMEnen  en sou-daRIo : e-phoBOUmen  GAR se,
which I kept laid up in a napkin: 21for I feared you,
HOti ANthro-pos au-steROS  ei: aiREIS ho ouk Ethe-kas, kai theRIzeis  ho ouk Espei-ras .
because you are an austere man: takes up what you laid not down, and reaps what you did not sow.
k. 19:22a He says to him, Out of your :mouth will I judge you, wicked bondman.
LEgei auTO, Ek tou STOmaTOS sou kriNOse, po-neRE DOUle.
l. 19:22b-23 WHY NOT BANK FOR INTEREST?
Edeis HOti eGO ANthro-pos au-steROS ei-mi,
You knew that I am an austere man,
AIron ho ouk Ethe-ka, kai theRIzon ho ouk Espei-ra?
taking up what I laid not down, and reaping what I did not sow?
kai diA ti ouk EdoKAS mou to arGUri-on ePI TRApe-zan ,
23then why did you not give my silver into a bank,
ka' 'GO elTHON sun TOko  an auTO Epra-xa ]4238]?
and I at my coming should have required it with interest?
m. 19:24 THE LORD'S SOLUTION
kai tois pa-reSTOsin EIpen, Ara-te ap' auTOU ten mnan,
And he said to them that stood by, Take away from him the pound,
kai DOte to tas DEka mnas Echon-ti.
and give to him that has the ten pounds.
n. 19:25 And they said to him, Lord, he has ten pounds.
kai EIpan auTO, KUri-e, Echei DEka mnas.
o. 19:26 TALENTS LOST, IF NOT IMPROVED
LEgo huMIN, HOti panTI to Echon-ti doTHEse-tai,
I say unto you, that to every one that has shall be given,
aPO de tou me Echon-tos, kai ho Echei arTHEse-tai.
but from him that has not, even what he has shall be taken away.
p. 19:27 CHRIST'S ENEMIES WARNED
plen tous echTHROUS mou TOUtous, tous me theLEsanTAS me ba-siLEUsai ep' auTOUS,
But these my :enemies, that would not haveme reign over them,
a-GAge-te HOde, kai ka-taSPHAxa-te  auTOUS em-prosTHEN mou.
bring here, and slay them before me.
q. 19:28 And on saying these thingshe went on before, going up to Jerusalem.
Kai eiPON TAUta e-poREUe-to EMpros-then, a-naBAInon eis Ie-roSOlu-ma.
NOTE: (2010-12-23) - 19:1-10 - Jesus, and God in Him, show their wonderful plan for our salvation. Zachaeus fits into their plan. Jesus came to save the lost - the unrighteous - and in spite of murmuring by the self-righteous - He by-passes them for such as Zachaeus.
19:11-28 - Jesus returned to heaven - a far country - after becoming a ransomfor our souls - and after a long time, 2000 years - will return to reward His saints, and judge the wicked and unfaithful.
There are 5 sins that would keep Israel out of Canaan - and the same five will keep us out of heaven. They are Lust, Idolatry, Fornication, Tempting Christ, and Murmuring. Edwin Louis Cole in his book “Maximized Manhood” - a Guide to Family Survival - deals thoroughly with each of these. Consider what he says on “Fornication” - “Actually this includes every kind of sex sin. Sin is still sin. No matter how you spell it. Fornication is popular and sexual promiscuity is acceptable everywhere today - except in the Bible. No wonder men want to burn it, deny it, or crucify it. The Word still sets the standard of faith, gives the rule of conduct, and reveals the character of God.
“Reading about Samson, King David, and others in Scripture is in itself a vital lesson concerning the result of sex sins. But, the roll call goes on today. Man after man, who in many areas of life develop the potential of their manhood, are limited because of their sex sins.
“Both single and married men - young and old - are subject to the desires, appetites, passions, and temptations that take their toll and prohibit them from becoming what God intends them to be.
“Men's ministries are undeveloped or lost. Men's characters are underdeveloped or weak. God's promise to sit with Him on His throne is given to those called overcomers. Overcomers are godly achievers. Every man is given opportunity to enter his Canaan, to develop his potential of manhood to the maximum.
“When the men of Israel committed fornication, they died in the wilderness, never seeing Canaan. Men still die in their wilderness, bogged down in a moral morass, missing God's best for their lives.
Our doctrine of last things - “Eschatology” - needs to be adjusted by this section. The Kingdom of :God was notto immediately appear in Jesus' day on earth - nor for the last two millennia. See how this parable fits in with Daniel 7:13-l4 - “I saw in the night-visions, and, behold, there came with the clouds of heaven one like unto a son of man, and he came even to the ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.”
It is important for us to discern the two major aspects of the Kingdom of God. We today are in the reign of God's invisible Kingdom. The Holy Spirit reigns now in our hearts, not openly. When Jesus soon returns with the Kingdom given to Him by the Father - then it will be manifested on earth for 1000 years, with Israel as the chief nation on earth under the Lord Jesus - a Jew - as King of kings and Lord of lords. Rewards to nations will be how they treated His people during this 2000 year invisible time. I fear it will fare badly with most goat nations!
Jesus will also judge us as individuals in righteous judgment. We will all be like the wise thief on the cross with Him. He challenged the foolish thief - by pointing out that they two as thieves deserved the cross - but notJesus - He was the completely innocent Lamb of God. We all will know like the open thief - that whatever He does will be entirely just. So His promise to the one was - Today- you will be with in in Paradise! Salvation is just like that! Repent - believe - and ask Jesus to save you - and it is doneat thatmoment. It is notdone by our good works or anything else - it is done only by our faith in what Jesus did for us at Calvary! J.A.W.