(From: LUKE #27 - 14:1-35)
IX. 14:1-17:10 SOME CONDITIONS FOR KINGDOM DISCIPLES
A. 14:1-24 MAINTAIN KINGDOM PRACTICALITYAND HUMILITY
1. 14:1-6 JESUS JUSTIFIES SABBATH HEALING
a. 14:1 THE SABBATH AND PHARISEES
Kai eGEne-to, en to elTHEIN auTON eis OI-KON ti-nos
And it came to pass, when he went into thehouse of a certain
ton arCHONton ton Pha-riSAIon sabBAto phaGEIN ARton, kai auTOI Esan pa-ra-teROUme-noi  auTON.
of the rulers of the Pharisees on a sabbath to eat bread, that THEY were watching him.
b. 14:2 And lo, a certain man was before him with dropsy.
kai iDOU, ANthroPOS tis en hu-dro-piKOS EMpros-then auTOU.
c. 14:3 JESUS CHALLENGES THE JEWISH RULERS
kai a-po-kriTHEIS ho IeSOUS EIpen pros tous no-miKOUS kai Pha-riSAIous,
And :Jesus answered andspoke unto the lawyers and Pharisees,
LEgon, Exes-tin to sabBAto the-rePEUsai, e ou?
saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath, or not?
d. 14:4a But they were silent. hoi de heSUcha-san .
e. 14:4b And he took him, andhealed him, and let himgo.
kai e-pi-laBOme-nos, iAsa-to  auTON, kai aPElu-sen .
f. 14:5 JESUS REVEALS TRUE ANSWER TO SABBATH
kai pros auTOUS EIpen, TInos huMON huiOS e bous eis PHREar  peSEItai ,
And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a son or an ox fallen into a well,
kai ouk euTHEos a-naSPAsei  auTON heMEra tou sabBAtou?
and will not straightway draw him up on the sabbath day?
g. 14:6 And they could not answer again unto these things.
kai ouk Ischu-san an-ta-po-kriTHEnai pros TAUta.
2. 14:7-11 LESSON ON HUMILITY
a. 14:7-9 THE AMBITIOUS GUEST
Ele-gen de pros tous ke-kleMEnous  pa-ra-boLEN,
And he spoke a parable unto those bidden,
ePEchon  pos tas pro-to-kliSIas  e-xeLEgon-to ; LEgon pros auTOUS,
when he marked how they chose out the chief seats; saying unto them,
HOtan kleTHES  huPO ti-nos eis GAmous , me ka-ta-kliTHES eis ten pro-to-kliSIan;
8When you are invited of any oneto a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat;
ME po-te en-tiMOteROS  sou e ke-kleMEnos hup' auTOU,
lest haply onemore honorable than you is invited of him,
kai elTHON ho se kai auTON kaLEsas eREI soi, Dos TOUto TOpon;
9and he that invited you and him shall come andsay to you, Give this manplace;
kai TOte ARxe meTA aiSCHUnes  ton Escha-ton  TOpon kaTEchein.
and then you shall begin with shame to take the lowest place.
b. 14:10 THE WISE PROCEDURE OF WEDDING GUESTS
all' HOtan kleTHES, po-reuTHEIS aNApe-se  eis ton Escha-ton TOpon;
But when you are invited, go andtake the lowest place;
HIna HOtan ELthe ho ke-kleKOS se, eREI soi,
that when he that has invited you comes, he shall say to you,
PHIle, pro-saNAbe-thi [4320 aNOte-ron: TOte EStai soi DOxa eNOpi-on PANton ton su-na-na-keiMEnon soi.
Friend, go up higher: then you shall have glory in presence of all that sit at meat with you.
c. 14:11 For every one that exalts himself shall be humbled; and who humbles himself shall be exalted.
HOti pas ho huPSON he-auTON ta-pei-noTHEse-tai ; kai ho ta-peiNON he-auTON hu-psoTHEse-tai.
3. 14:12-14 HEAVENLY REWARD FOR HOSPITALITY TO THE POOR
a. 14:12 INVITE POOR GUESTS WHO CAN'T REPAY
Ele-gen de kai to ke-kleKOti auTON,
And he said to him also that had invited him,
HOtan poiES Ari-ston  e DEIPnon , me PHOnei tous PHlous sou,
When you make a dinner or supper, call not your :friends,
meDE tous a-delPHOUS sou, meDE tous sug-geNEIS  sou,
nor your :brethren, nor you :kinsmen,
meDE GEIto-nas  plouSIous; ME po-te kai auTOI an-ti-kaLEsoSIN se, kai GEne-tai an-taPOdoMA soi.
nor rich neighbors; lest haply they also invite you again, and recompense be made to you.
b. 14:13-14 THE DESCRIPTION OF SUCH GUESTS
all' HOtan doCHEN poiES , KAlei ptoCHOUS, a-naPEIrous , choLOUS, tuphLOUS:
But when you make a feast, invite thepoor, maimed, lame, blind:
kai maKAri-os Ese; HOti ouk Echou-sin an-ta-poDOU-NAI  soi:
14and you shall be blessed; because they have not anythingto recompense you:
an-ta-po-doTHEse-tai GAR soi en te a-naSTAsei ton diKAIon.
for you shall be recompensed in the resurrection of the just.
4. 14:15-24 PARABLE OF THE GREAT SUPPER
a. 14:15 A FATUOUS RESPONSE
A-KOUsas DE tis ton su-na-na-keiMEnon TAUta,
And when one of his:fellow-guests heard these things,
EIpen auTO, MaKAri-os  HOstis PHAge-tai ARton en te ba-siLEIa tou TheOU.
he said to him, Blessed whoever eats bread in the kingdom of :God.
b. 14:16-17 THE GREAT SUPPER
ho de EIpen auTO, ANthroPOS tis ePOIei DEIPnon MEga;
But he said to him, A certain man was making a great supper;
kai eKAle-sen polLOUS: kai aPEstei-len ton DOUlon auTOU te HOra tou DEIPnou
and he invited many: 17and he sent forth his :bondman at the supper :hour
eiPEIN tois ke-kleMEnois, ERches-the; HOti Ede HEtoiMA  es-tin.
to say to those invited, Come; for thingsare now ready.
c. 14:18a And all with one accordbegan to make excuse.
kai ERxan-to Apo MIas panTES pa-raiTEISthai .
d. 14:18b THE FIRST EXCUSE
ho PROtos EIpen auTO, A-GRON eGOra-sa ,
The first said to him, I have bought a field,
kai Echo aNAGken e-xelTHON iDEIN auTON: e-roTO se Eche me pa-re-teMEnon.
and must needs go out andsee it: Pray you have me excused.
e. 14:19 THE SECOND EXCUSE
kai HEte-ros EIpen, ZEUge  boON ,
And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen,
kai po-REUomai do-kiMAsai  auTA: e-roTO se Eche me pa-re-teMEnon.
and go to prove them: Pray you have me excused.
f. 14:20 And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore cannot come.
kai HEte-ros EIpen, GuNAIka Ege-ma , kai diA TOUto ou DUna-mai elTHEIN.
g. 14:21a And the bondman came, andtold to his :lord these things.
kai pa-ra-geNOme-nos ho DOUlos, aPEGgei-len tokuRIoauTOU TAUta.
h. 14:21b THE ANGRY RESPONSE OF THE WEALTHY LORD
TOte or-gisTHEIS  ho oi-ko-deSPOtes EIpen to DOUlo auTOU,
Then the house-master being angry said to his :bondman,
Exel-the taCHEos  eis tas plaTEIas  kai 'RUmas  tes POle-os,
Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city,
kai tous ptoCHOUS kai a-naPEIrous  kai tuphLOUS kai choLOUS eiSAga-ge HOde.
and bring in here the poor and maimed and blind and lame.
i. 14:22 And the bondman said, Lord, what you did command is come to pass and yet thereis room.
kai EIpen ho DOUlos, KUri-e, GEgo-nen ho ePEta-xas  kai Eti TOpos esTIN.
j. 14:23 THE LORD'S FURTHER RESPONSE
kai EIpen ho KUri-os pros ton DOUlon, Exel-the eis tas hoDOUS
And the lord said unto the bondman, Go out into the highways
kai phragMOUS , kai aNAGka-son  ei-selTHEIN, HIna ge-misTHE  mou ho OIkos.
and hedges, and compel themto come in, that my :house be filled.
k. 14:24 For I say unto you, that none of those :men :invited shall taste of my :supper
LEgogar huMIN, HOti ouDEIS ton anDRON eKEInon ton ke-kleMEnon GEUseTAI mou tou DEIPnou.
B. 14:25-35 STRICT CONDITIONS OF DISCIPLESHIP - COUNT COST!
a. 14:25-26 STRICT DISCIPLESHIP CONDITONS
Su-ne-poREUon-to de auTO OCHloi polLOI: kai straPHEIS, EIpen pros auTOUS, EI tis ERche-tai PROS me,
Now great crowds went with him: and he turned, andsaid unto them, 26If any comes unto me,
kai ou miSEI  ton paTEra he-auTOU, kai ten meTEra, kai ten guNAIka,
and hates not his own :father, and :mother, and :wife,
kai ta TEKna, kai tous a-delPHOUS, kai tas a-delPHAS,
and :children, and :brethren, and :sisters,
Eti te, kai ten psuCHEN he-auTOU, ou DUna-tai EI-NAI mou ma-theTES.
yes, and his own :life also, he cannot be my :disciple.
b. 14:27 Whoever does not bear his own :cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
HOstis ou baSTAzei ton stauRON he-auTOU, kai ERche-tai oPIso mou, ou DUna-tai EI-NAI mou ma-theTES.
c. 14:28 WISE PRELIMINARY PLANNING FOR BUILDING
tis gar ex huMON, THElon PURgon  oi-ko-doMEsai,
For which of you, desiring to build a tower,
ouCHI PROton kaTHIsas psePHIzei  ten daPAnen , ei Echei eis a-par-tisMON ?
does not first sit down andcount the cost, whether he has sufficientto complete it?
d. 14:30 THE SHAME FOR FAILING TO DO SO
HIna ME po-te, THENtos auTOU theMEli-on , kai me isCHUon-tos  ek-teLEsai ,
Lest haply, when he has laid a foundation, and is not able to finish,
PANtes hoi the-oROUNtes ARxon-tai auTO emPAIzein , LEgon-tes [HOti],
all that behold begin to mock him, 30saying [that],
HOUtos ho ANthro-pos ERxa-to oi-ko-doMEIN, kai ouk Ischu-sen ek-teLEsai.
This :man began to build, and could not finish.
e. 14:31 WISE WAR PLANNING
etis basiLEUS, po-reuOme-nos heTEroba-siLEI sun-baLEIN eis POle-mon,
Or what king, going to encounter another king in war,
ouCHI kaTHIsas PROton bouLEUse-tai 
will not sit down first andtake counsel
ei du-naTOS es-tin en DEka chi-liAsin hu-panTEsai to meTA EIko-si chi-liAdon er-choMEno ep' auTON?
whether he is able with ten thousand to meet him that comes against him with twenty thousand?
f. 14:32 Or else, while the otheris yet far off, he sends an ambassage, andasks for peace.
ei de MEge, Eti auTOU PORro ONtos, presBEIan a-poSTEIlas, e-roTA pros eiREnen.
g. 14:33 A BLACK AND WHITE APPLICATION
HOUtos oun pas ex huMON hos ouk a-poTASse-tai  PAsin tois he-auTOU huPARchou-sin ,
So therefore whoever of you renounces not all that he has,
ou DUnaTAI EInai mou ma-theTES.
cannot be my disciple.
h. 14:34 :Salt therefore is good: but if the salt also have lost savor, with what shall it be seasoned?
KaLON oun to HAlas : eAN de kai to HAlas mo-ranTHE , en TIni ar-tuTHEse-tai ?
i. 14:35a It is fit for neither land nor dunghill: mencast it out.
OUte eis gen OUte eis koPRIan EUtheTON es-tin: ExoBALlou-sin auTO.
j. 14:35b Who has ears to hear, let him hear. ho Echon Ota aKOUein, a-kouEto.
NOTE: (2010-12-11) - 14:7-11 - This trait of the Pharisees in always wanting to be prominent - always to have chief seats - always pushing themselves for honors - can still be seen today. This is soopposite to Jesus and His Father, for God was inChrist reconciling the world to Himself. No wonder the Jewish religious leaders wanted to kill Him. He showed them up. He set forth the true life of humility.
14:12-14 - This lesson from Jesus is notnormally practiced, even in Christian circles. To put the poor, maimed, lame and blind before those who could pay us back? Not even thought of! But Smith Wigglesworth of Bradford, England in his day didthis very thing again and again, because of this very passage of scripture. Then at the close of such a meal, he would pray for the sick and see them healed! Then the next week at the free meal - the healed ones from the preceding week entertained the new poor guests by giving their testimonies - and preparing the new needy ones for healing also!
14:15-24 - Parable of the Great Supper. “Many are called, but feware chosen. Many are invited - but fewrespond. Not many wealthy and wise and mighty hear the Kingdom invitation of Good News - and respond! It is the poor and needy who hear and come to the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. The first invited ones have forfeited their opportunity!
14:25-35 - Clear Kingdom Conditions that should not be neglected! Discipleship is a voluntary choice on our part. God never coerces us! But once we consider discipleship for ourselves, the follow-through is very important and often costly. It demands our all! Ifany man wants to! But ifwe choose to, thenit will cost us everything! Romans 6 - Identification with Jesus in His death through baptism - that'sthe picture! And how does Jesus end this picture? “Who has ears to hear, let him hear!”- this was one of Pastor Robert Birch's favorite verses. But we are not to forget that after the Cross- then the Crownthrough the Resurrection! J.A.W.