J. 12:1-59 INCENTIVES TO SPIRITUAL CHOICE
1. 12:1-12 TEACHING ON THE IMPORTANCE OF WORDS
a. 12:1 CAUTION AGAINST HYPOCRISY
En hois, e-pi-su-nach-theiSON ton mu-riAdon tou ECHlou,
In the mean time, when the myriads of the crowd were gathered,
HOSte ka-ta-paTEIN alLElous, ERxato LEgein pros tous ma-theTAS auTOU PROton,
inasmuch that they trod one upon another, he began to say unto his :disciples first,
ProSEche-te  he-auTOIS aPO tes ZUmes , HEtis esTIN huPOkri-sis , ton Pha-riSAIon.
Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
b. 12:2 A MOST SERIOUS REVELATION
ouDEN de sug-ke-ka-lumMEnon  esTIN, ho ouk a-po-ka-luphTHEse-tai ;
But nothing is covered up, that shall not be revealed;
kai krupTON , ho ou gnosTHEse-tai .
and hid, that shall not be known.
c. 12:3 JESUS AMPLIFIES THE ABOVE
anth' hon HOsa en te skoTIa EIpa-te
Therefore whatever things you have said in the darkness
shall be heard in the light; and what you have spoken in the ear
en tois taMEIois  ke-ruchTHEse-tai ePI ton doMAton .
in the inner chambers shall be proclaimed on the housetops.
d. 12:4 FEAR NOT MAN
LEgode huMIN tois PHIlois mou, Mepho-beTHEte aPO ton a-pok-teiNONton 
And I say untoyou my :friends, Be not afraid of them that kill
to SOma, kai meTA TAUta me eCHONton pe-risSOteRON  ti poiEsai.
the body, and after that have no more they cando.
e. 12:5 BUT RATHER FEAR GOD
hu-poDEIxo  de huMIN TIna pho-beTHEte ton: phoBEthete ton,
But I will warn you whom you shall fear: Fear HIM,
meTA to a-pokTEInai Echon-ta e-xouSIan em-baLEIN eis ten GEen-nan ;
who after he has killed has authority to cast into geenna;
nai, LEgo huMIN, TOUton phoBEthe-te .
yes, I say unto you, Fear HIM.
f. 12:6 GOD'S CARE FOR SPARROWS
ouCHI PENte strouTHIa  poLOUNtai  as-saRIon DUo?
Are not five sparrows sold for two pence?
kai hen ex auTON ouk EStin e-pi-le-lesMEnon  eNOpi-on tou TheOU.
and not one of them is forgotten in :God's sight.
g. 12:7a But even the hairs of your :head are all numbered.
alLA kai hai TRIches tes ke-phaLES huMON PAsai eRITHmen-tai .
h. 12:7b Fear not: you are of more value than many sparrows.
mephoBEISthe: polLON strouTHIon di-aPHErete .
i. 12:8-9 ANOTHER SERIOUS REVELATION
LEgo de huMIN, pas hos an ho-mo-loGEsei en eMOI EMpros-then ton anTHROpon,
And I say unto you, Every one who shall confess [in] me before :men,
kai ho huiOS to anTHROpou ho-mo-loGEsei en auTO EMpros-then ton agGElon tou TheOU:
[in] him shall the Son of :man also confess before the angels of :God:
ho de ar-neSAmeNOS  me eNOpi-on ton anTHROpon
9but who has denied me in :men's presence
a-par-neTHEse-tai  eNOpi-on ton anGElon tou TheOU.
shall be denied in thepresence of the angels of :God.
j. 12:10 A CONTRAST BETWEEN JESUS AND THE HOLY SPIRIT
kai pas hos eREI LOgon eis ton huiON tou anTHROpou,
And every one who shall speak a word against the Son of :man,
a-pheTHEse-tai  auTO: to de eis to HAgi-on PNEUma
it shall be forgiven him: but to him that blasphemes
blas-pheMEsan-ti  ouk a-pheTHEse-tai.
against the Holy Spirit it shall not be forgiven.
k. 12:11-12 A PROMISE OF HELP IN TIME OF PERSECUTION
HOtan de eisPHEro-sin huMAS ePI tas su-na-goGAS, kai tas arCHAS,
And when they bring you before the synagogues, and the authorities,
kai tas e-xouSIas, me me-rimNEse-te  pos e ti a-po-loGEses-the ,
and the powers, be not anxious how or what you shall answer,
eti EIpe-te: to gar HAgi-ou PNEUma diDAxei huMAS en auTEte HOra ha dei eiPEIN.
or what you shall say: 12 for the Holy Spirit shall teach you in that very :hour what you must say.
2. 12:13-21 A PARABLE EXPOSING COVETOUSNESS AND MATERIALISM
a. 12:13 JESUS IS REQUESTED TO DIVIDE AN INHERITANCE
EIpen DE tis ek tou OCHlou auTO, DiDAska-le,
And one out of the crowd said to him, Teacher,
eiPE to a-delPHO mou meRIsas-thai  met' eMOU ten kle-ro-noMIan .
bid my :brother divide the inheritance with me.
b. 12:14 But he said to him, Man, who made me judge or divider over you?
ho de EIpen auTO, ANthro-pe, TIS me kaTEste-sen  kriTEN e me-riSTEN  eph' huMAS?
c. 12:15 JESUS SCORES COVETOUSNESS AND MATERIALISM
EIpen de pros auTOUS, HoRAte , kai phuLASses-the  aPO PAses ple-o-neXIas :
And he said unto them, See, and keep yourselves from all covetousness:
HOti ouk en to pe-risSEUein tiNI he zo-E auTOU esTIN ek ton hu-parCHONton auTO.
because one's life consists not in the abundance of the things he possesses.
d. 12:16-17 A RICH MAN WITHOUT ROOM TO STORE HIS RICHES
EIpen de pa-ra-boLEN  pros auTOUS, LEgon,
And he spoke a parable unto them, saying,
AnTHROpou tiNOS plouSIou euPHOre-sen  he CHOra:
The land of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:
kai di-e-loGIze-to  en auTO, LEgon, Ti poiEso, HOti ouk Echo pou suNAxo tous karPOUS mou?
17and he reasoned within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have not where to store my :fruits?
e. 12:18 HIS SOLUTION - LARGER BARNS
kai EIpen, TOUto poiEso: ka-theLO  mou tas a-poTHEkas , kai MEIzo-nas oi-ko-doMEso ;
And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my :barns, and build greater;
kai suNAxo  eKEI PANta ton SIton  kai ta a-gaTHA mou.
and there will I store all the grain and my :goods.
f. 12:19 HIS PHILOSOPHY: LIVE FOR PLEASURES OF THIS LIFE
kai eRO te psuCHE mou, PsuCHE, Echeis polLA a-gaTHA KEIme-na  eis Ete polLA;
And I will say to my :soul, Soul, you have much goods laid up for many years;
a-naPAUou , PHAge, PIe, euPHRAInou .
take yourease, eat, drink, be merry.
g. 12:20 GOD'S JUDGMENT UPON SUCH FOOLISHNESS
EIpen de auTO ho TheOS, Aphron , TAUte te nukTI ten psuCHEN sou aiTOUsin  aPO sou;
But :God said to him, Foolish one, this :night they require your soul of you;
ha de eTOIma-sas , TIni EStai?
and what thingsyou have prepared, whose shall they be?
h. 12:21 Thus who treasures up for himself, and isnot rich toward God.
HOUtos ho the-sauRIzon auTO, kai meeis TheON plouTON.
NOTE: (2010-12-02) - 12:1-12 - We need this warning of Jesus concerning Pharisaic words. Godknows their deceptiveness. We need to use the Plumblineof the Word of God, especially the NT, which is the Key to explain the typological meaning of the OT. Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount says repeatedly - “It was said of them of OT times certain things - but I say unto you.” The teaching of Jesus directlyand through His apostles (1 Corinthians 14:37; 2 Peter 1:21) - is the truekey to interpret the OT. Be not deceived. Muchteaching in books, from pulpits , and on the Net through Websites, must allbe brought to God's Plumbline. The Holy spirit through Paul said, “Proveall things; hold fast that which is good!” Take nothingfor granted. Don't even take my comments for granted. Don't be naive or gullible. Even children can be adequately taught to bring all teachingto the Plumbline of the Word. It is amazing how clear children can be this way. The Bible says we should make no graven images, nor worship them. See the second of the ten commandments! One large church has divided the tenth commandment on “coveting” into two parts, and omitted the second commandment! 3 times in the Bible
God warns of both “adding” and “taking away” from His Bible. The Biblejudges church doctrine. Church doctrine does notreplace the Bible.
One little girl was asked by a religious leader how come she knew so much about the Bible. She told him she had been taught in Sunday School, and she herself read the Bible. What do you know of the 10 commandments, he asked. When she came to the second one, he said, “Stop! That is notthe way we understand it.” “But that's the way the Bible has it,” the little girl of Spain replied.
Look at verse 12:5 on not fearing who can destroy our body - but Fear Himwho has the authority to cast into Gehenna, namely God. You say, God wouldn't do such a thing. And how do you know this verse refers to God? Matthew Henry is considered one of the soundest of all Bible expositors and commentators. Matthew Henry believes this isthe correct interpretation in the light of the complete Scriptures! I agree with this evaluation. I have read every word of his large one volume Commentary on the Bible, plus the 6 volume Commentary by “Henry and Scott.”
One has said that just as each drop of the ocean contains within itself in trace form every constituent element of the ocean - just soeach verse of the Bible contains within itself in trace form every constituent teaching of the entire Bible. This means that one cannot receive the interpretation of any one Bible verse that has disagreement with any other part of the Bible! Why, said one, that would mean that Bible teachers must have an adequate knowledge and understanding of the entire Bible to be a teacher! Precisely! Thatis why James says, “Be notmany teachers, lest you come unto the greater condemnation!” Every teacher will one day stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ to give account for his Bible teaching down here. I will too. That is why I have read the NT over 200 times and the entire Bible over 70. The first year I was saved in 1944, I read the entire Bible through in 6 weeks. I take James 3:1 very seriously. J.A.W.