(From: JOHN #11 - 5:1-30)
V. 5:1-47 THE AUTHORITY OF JESUS CONFIRMED
A. 5:1 SECOND FEAST ATTENDED BY JESUS
MeTA TAUta en he-orTEton IouDAIon; kai aNEbeIeSOUS eis Ie-roSOlu-ma.
After these thingswas a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
B. 5:2-47 JESUS ANSWERS HIS ADVERSARIES
1. 5:2-9a JESUS HEALS AN INFIRM MAN ON THE SABBATH
a. 5:2 THE POOL OF BETHESDA
EStin de en tois Ie-ro-soLUmois ePI te pro-ba-tiKEko-lumBETHra,
Now there is in :Jerusalem by the sheep gate a pool,
hee-pi-lo-goMEneHe-bra-isTI Beth-zaTHA, PENte stoAS Echou-sa.
the one called in Hebrew Bethzatha, having five porches.
a. 5:3 In these lay a multitude of the sick, blind, halt, withered.
en TAUtais kaTEkei-to PLEthos ton as-theNOUNton, tuphLON , choLON , xeRON .
c. 5:5 And a certain man was there who had beenthirty and eight years in his :infirmity.
en DE tis ANthro-pos eKEI triAkon-ta kai okTOEteEchon en teas-theNEIa auTOU.
d. 5:6 JESUS QUESTIONS HIM
TOUton iDON ho 'IeSOUS ka-taKEIme-non, kai gnous  HOti poLUN Ede CHROnon  Echei,
:Jesus seeing this manlying down, and knowing that he had been thusalready a long time,
LEgei auTO, THEleis hu-giES  geNESthai?
said to him, Would you be made whole?
e. 5:7 THE SICK MAN'S ANSWER
a-peKRIthe auTO ho as-theNON, KUri-e, ANthro-pon ouk Echo HIna,
The sick mananswered him, Sir, I have no man,
HOtan ta-rachTHE  to HUdor, BAle me eis ten ko-lumBETHran :
when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool:
en ho de ERcho-mai eGO, ALlos pro eMOU ka-taBAInei.
but while I am coming, another steps down before me.
f. 5:8 :Jesus said to him, Arise, take up your :bed, and walk.
LEgei auTOho IeSOUS, Egei-re, Aron ton KRAbatTON sou, kai pe-riPAtei .
g. 5:9a And straightway the man became whole, and took up his :bed and walked.
kai euTHEos eGEne-to hu-giES  ho ANthro-pos, kai Ere ton KRAbat-ton auTOU kai pe-ri-ePAtei.
2. 5:9b-30 JESUS CLAIMS EQUALITY WITH GOD
a. 5:9b Now it was thesabbath on that :day.
En de SABba-ton en eKEIneteheMEra.
b. 5:10 SABBATH CONTROVERSY
Ele-gon oun hoi IouDAIoi to te-the-ra-peuMEno,  SABbaTON es-tin,
Said the Jews therefore to the onecured, It is thesabbath,
kai ouk ExeSTIN  soi Arai ton KRABba-ton.
and it is not lawful for you to take up the bed.
c. 5:11 THE HEALED MAN'S RESPONSE
hos de a-peKRIthe auTOIS, Ho poiEsas me hu-giE,
But he answered them, He who made me whole,
eKEI-NOS moi EIpen, Aron ton KRABbaTON sou, kai pe-riPAtei.
the same said to me, Take up your :bed, and walk.
d. 5:12 They asked him, Who is the man that said to you, Take up, and walk?
eROte-san auTON, TIS es-tin ho ANthro-pos ho eiPON soi, Aron , kai pe-riPAtei?
e. 5:13 But the onehealed knew not who it was; for :Jesus disappeared, a crowd being in the place.
ho de 'iaTHEIS ouk Edei TIS es-tin; ho gar IeSOUS eXEneu-sen, OCHlou ONtos en toTOpo.
f. 5:14 JESUS' WARNING TO THE HEALED MAN
MeTA TAUta heuRIskei auTON ho IeSOUS en to hi-eRO, kai EIpen auTO, Ide, hu-giES GEgo-nas:
After these things :Jesus finds him in the temple, and said to him, See, you are become whole:
meKEti haMARta-ne, HIna me CHEI-RON  SOI ti GEne-tai.
sin no more, lest something worse befall you.
g. 5:15 The man went away, and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him whole.
aPELthen ho ANthro-pos, kai EIpen tois 'IouDAIois HOti IeSOUS es-tin ho poiEsas auTON hu-giE.
h. 5:16 And for this the Jews persecuted :Jesus, because he did these thingson a sabbath.
kai diA TOUto eDIo-kon hoi IouDAIoi ton IeSOUN, HOti TAUta ePOIei en sabBAto.
i. 5:17 But he answered them, My :Father works even until now, and I work.
ho de a-peKRIna-to auTOIS, Ho paTER mou HEos ARti erGAze-tai , ka' 'GOerGAzo-mai.
j. 5:18 FURTHER PERSECUTION
diA TOUto oun MALlon eZEtoun auTON hoi IouDAIoi a-pokTEInai ,
For this therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him,
HOti ou MOnon Elu-e to SABba-ton, alLA kai paTEra Idi-on
because he not only broke the sabbath, but also said :God
Ele-ge ton TheON, Ison he-auTON poiON to TheO.
washis own Father, making himself equal with :God.
k. 5:19 JESUS JUSTIFIES HIMSELF
A-peKRIna-to oun ho IeSOUS kai Ele-gen auTOIS,
:Jesus therefore answered and said to them,
A-MEN, aMEN, LEgo huMIN, ou DUna-tai ho huiOS poiEIN aph' he-auTOU ouDEN,
Amen, Amen, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself,
an ME ti BLEpe ton paTEra poiOUNta: ha gar an eKEInos poiE, TAUta kai ho huiOS hoMOIos  poiEI.
but what he sees the Father doing: for whatever things HE does, these the Son also does likewise.
l. 5:20 HE EXPLAINS YET MORE CLEARLY
ho gar paTER phiLEI  ton huiON, kai PANta DEIKnu-sin  auTO ha auTOS poiEI:
For the Father loves the Son, and shows him all thingsthat himself does:
kai MEIzo-na  TOUton DEIxei auTO ERga, HIna huMEIS thauMAze-te .
and greater works than these will he show him, that YOU may marvel.
m. 5:21 For just as the Father raises the dead and makes alive, thus the Son also makes alive whom he will.
HOsper gar ho paTER eGEIrei tous neKROUS kai zo-o-poiEI, HOUtos kai ho huiOS hous THElei zo-o-poiEI.
n. 5:22-23a FATHER'S GIFT OF JUDGMENT TO THE SON
ouDE gar ho paTER kriNEI  ouDEna, alLA ten KRIsin  PAsan DEdo-ken to huiO;
For neither does the Father judge any one, but has given all :judgment to the Son;
HIna PANtes tiMOsi  ton huiON, kaTHOS tiMOsi ton paTEra.
that all mayhonor the Son, even as they honor the Father.
o. 5:23b Who honors not the Son honors not the Father that sent him.
ho metiMON ton huiON ou tiMA ton paTEra ton PEMpsan-ta auTON.
p. 5:24 THE BELIEVER'S HAPPY STATE
A-MEN, aMEN, LEgo huMIN [HOti], ho ton LOgon mou aKOUon, kai piSTEUon to PEMpsanTI me,
Amen, Amen, I say unto you [that], who hears my :word, and believes him that sent me,
Echei zo-EN aiOni-on, kai eis KRIsin ouk ERche-tai, alLA me-taBEbe-ken ek tou thaNAtou eis ten zo-EN.
has eternal life, and comes not into judgment, but has passed out of :death into :life.
q. 5:25 A PROPHETIC WORD
aMEN, aMEN, leGO huMIN, HOti ERche-tai HOra, kai NUN es-tin,
Amen, Amen, I say unto you, that an hour comes, and now is,
HOte hoi neKROI aKOUsou-sin te phoNES tou huiOU tou TheOU, kai hoi aKOUsan-tes ZEsou-sin.
when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of :God, and who hear shall live.
r. 5:26-27 THE FATHER'S FULLER GIFT TO THE SON
HOSper gar ho paTER Echei zo-EN en he-auTO, HOUtos kai to huiO Edo-ken zo-EN Echein en he-auTO:
For just as the Father has life in himself, thus gave he to the Son also to have life in himself:
kai e-xouSIan  Edo-ken auTO KRIsin poiEIN, HOti huiOS anTHROpou esTIN.
27 and he gave him authority to pass judgment, because he is Son of man.
s. 5:28-29 THE RESURRECTION
me thauMAze-te  TOUto: HOti ERche-tai HOra,
Marvel not atthis: for thehour comes,
en he PANtes hoi en tois mneMEIois  aKOUsou-sin tes phoNES auTOU,
in which all they in the tombs shall hear his :voice,
kai ek-poREUson-tai ; hoi ta a-gaTHA poiEsan-tes,
29and shall come forth; who have done the good things,
eis aNAsta-sin  zo-ES; hoi ta PHAUla  PRAxan-tes , eis aNAsta-sein KRIse-os.
unto resurrection of life; who have practiced the evil things, unto resurrection of judgment.
t. 5:30 THE SON: A PERFECT SERVANT TO THE FATHER
Ou DUna-mai eGO poiEIN ap' e-mauTOU ouDEN: kaTHOS aKOUo, KRIno:
I can of myself do nothing: as I hear, I judge:
kai he KRIsis he eME diKAIa esTIN;
and :my :judgment is righteous;
HOti ou zeTO to THEle-ma to eMON, alLA to THEle-ma tou PEMpsanTOS me.
because I seek not MY :will, but the will of him that sent me.
NOTE: In the Spring of 1945 I was drafted from HMCS Naden near Victoria, BC, to HMCS Cornwallis, near Digby, Nova Scotia. There as a sailor I met an Anglican clergyman who discovered I had recently become a Christian believer. He asked me what I found most challenging in the New Testament. I told him - “The epistles of Paul, especially that of Romans.” He replied, “Son, I urge you to spend muchtime in the Gospels. Learn the direct words of Jesus. See and meditate on what He has said. You will then find that your Christian life will become solidly based. Then go on to the epistles.”
When one reads the passage of John 5:1-30 above, it is easy to see the wisdom of my clergyman friend, who counseled me. What a joy it has been - preparing the Interlinear Greek NT on the Gospel of John. I will then go to Matthew, Mark and Luke, which for me will complete this wonderful and blessed assignment from the Lord.
John is the spiritual Gospel of the Son of God, with the perspective of the eyesight of an eagle.
Matthew describes Jesus as the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, the Gospel with so many quotations from the OT, that it especially appeals to Jews.
Mark is the Gospel of Jesus as the Son of Man and servant of the Father, and appeals to the Roman type of character.
Luke is the Gospel of the Son of Man, with a special regard for women, and appeals to the Greek type of mind.
How wise God was to have 4 different types of men record the earthly life of His only begotten Son - in whom He was well-pleased! Luke was a Greek convert to Christianity, and a part of the One New Man.
The section of John above shows the increasing animosity of the Jewish religious leaders of that day to Jesus, who so clearly refuted their traditions that made void the Word of God, - and who despised the needs of the common people. American political leaders would do well to look into this Gospel, and see how they make void the wisdom of our early Founding Fathers, and how they arrogantly fail to listen to the cries of the hurting common people.
Just see how the healing of this lame man by Jesus on the Sabbath, brought such unjustified criticism upon Him, and showed such little compassion for the poor healed man.
Nothing Jesus said really got through to these blind and biased leaders, who had forgotten the real call of God upon them from the beginning of their nation.
The lessons of this passage are innumerable. Let us read and meditate upon the sentences and subdivisions. Truly the Spirit willspeak to our spirits, and illuminate our hearts and minds. J.A.W.