(From: JOHN #8 - 4:1-26)
B. 4:1-42 SPIRIT-WITNESS AND SIGNS BRING SOULS TO JESUS
1. 4:1-26 JESUS REVEALS HIMSELF AS BAPTIZER IN HOLY SPIRIT
a. 4:1-3 CONTROVERSY CAUSES JESUS TO DEPART
Hos oun EGnoho KUri-os HOti Ekou-san hoi Pha-riSAIoi 
When therefore the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard
HOti IeSOUS PLEIo-nas ma-theTAS POIei kai bapTIzei he IoAnes
that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John
(KAItoi-ge IeSOUS auTOS ouk eBAPti-zen, all' hoi ma-theTAI auTOU),
2 (although Jesus himself baptized not, but his :disciples),
aPHEken ten IouDAIan, kai aPELthen PAlin eis ten Ga-liLAIan.
3 he left :Judea, and departed again into :Galilee.
b. 4:4 And he had to pass through :Samaria.
Edei de auTON diERches-thai diA tes Sa-maRIas.
c. 4:5-6a JESUS ARRIVES AT SYCHAR
ERche-tai oun eis POlin tes Sa-maRIas, le-goMEnen SuCHAR,
He came therefore to a city of :Samaria, called Sychar,
pleSIon tou choRIou ho Edo-ken IaKOB to IoSEPH to huiO auTOU: en de eKEI peGE  tou IaKOB.
near the enclosure that Jacob gave to his :son :Joseph: 6a and :Jacob's spring was there.
d. 4:6b JESUS RESTS AT JACOB'S WELL AT NOON
ho oun IeSOUS, ke-ko-pi-aKOS  ek tes ho-doi-poRIas ,
:Jesus therefore, wearied with the journey,
e-kaTHEze-to  HOUtos ePI te peGE; HOra en hos HEKte.
was sitting thus by the spring; thehour was about the sixth.
e. 4:7 A woman of :Samaria came to draw water: :Jesus said to her, Give me to drink.
ERche-tai guNE ek tes Sa-maRIas anTLEsai  HUdor : LEgei auTE ho IeSOUS, DOS moi pein.
f. 4:8 For his :disciples were gone away into the city to buy food.
hoi gar ma-theTAI auTOU a-pe-leLUthei-san eis ten POlin HIna troPHAS a-goRAso-sin .
g. 4:9a SURPRISE OF THE SAMARITAN WOMAN AT JESUS' REQUEST
LEgei oun auTO he guNE he Sa-maREItis , Pos su IouDAIos
Said therefore the Samaritan :woman to him, How do YOU ask,
on par' eMOU pein aiTEIS, gu-naiKOS Sa-maREIti-dos OUses?
being a Jew, drink of me, who am a Samaritan woman?
h. 4:9b (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.)
(ou gar sunCHRONtai IouDAIoi Sa-maREItais.)
i. 4:10 CHRIST: A FOUNTAIN OF LIVING WATER
a-peKRIthe IeSOUS kai EIpen auTE, Ei Edeis ten do-reAN  tou TheOU,
Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of :God,
kai TIS es-tin ho LEgon soi, DOS moi pein;
and who it is that says to you, Give me to drink;
su an Ete-sas auTON, kai Edo-ken AN soi HUdor zon .
you would have asked ofhim, and he would have given you living water.
j. 4:11 THE SAMARITAN WOMAN IS PERPLEXED
LEgei auTO, KUri-e, OUte ANtle-ma  Echeis, kai to PHREar  esTIN baTHU :
She said to him, Sir, you have no pail, and the well is deep:
POthen oun Echeis to HUdor to zon?
from where then have you the living :water?
k. 4:12 SHE QUESTIONS THE AUTHORITY OF JESUS
me su MEIzon ei tou paTROS heMON IaKOB, hos Edo-ken heMIN to PHREar, kai auTOS ex auTOU Epi-en,
Are you greater than our :father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself,
kai hoi huiOI, auTOU kai ta THREMma-ta  auTOU?
and his :sons, and his :cattle?
l. 4:13-14 JESUS EMPHASIZES THE CONTRAST
a-peKRIthe IeSOUS kai EIpen auTE, Pas ho PInon ek tou HUda-tos TOUtou diPSEsei  PaLIN:
Jesus answered and said to her, Every one that drinks of this :water shall thirst again:
hos d' 'AN PIe ek tou HUda-tos hou eGO DOso auTO
14but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him
ou me diPSEsei eis ton aiOna; alLA to HUdor ho DOso auTO
shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him
geNEse-tai en auTO peGE HUda-tos hal-loMEnou  eis zo-En aiOni-on.
shall become in him a spring of water leaping up unto eternal life.
m. 4:15 THE WOMAN REQUESTS JESUS' WATER
LEgei pros auTON he guNE, KUri-e, DOS moi TOUto to HUdor,
The woman said unto him, Sir, give me this :water,
HIna me diPSO, meDE diERcho-mai enTHAde anTLEIN.
that I thirst not, neither come all theway here to draw.
n. 4:16 He said to her, Go, call your :husband, and come here.
LEgei auTE, HUpa-ge, PHOne-son sou ton ANdra , kai elTHE enTHAde.
o. 4:17a The woman answered and said to him, I have no husband.
a-peKRItheheguNEkai EIpen auTO, Ouk EchoANdra.
p. 4:17b-18 MANIFESTATION OF THE WORD OF KNOWLEDGE
LEgei auTE ho IeSOUS, KaLOS EIpes [HOti] ANdra ouk Echo:
:Jesus said to her, You said well [that] I have no husband:
PENte gar ANdras ESches, kai nun hon Echeis ouk EStin sou aNER:
18for you have had five husbands, and he whom you now have is not your husband:
TOUto a-leTHES EIre-kas.
this have you spoken truly.
q. 4:19 The woman said to him, Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet.
LEgei auTOheguNE, KUri-e, the-oROHOti proPHEtes ei su.
r. 4:20 THE WOMAN SEEKS TO CHANGE THE SUBJECT
hoi paTEres heMON en to Orei  TOUto pro-seKUne-san ; kai huMEIS LEge-te,
Our :fathers worshipped in this :mountain; and YOU say,
HOti en Ie-ro-soLUmois esTIN ho TOpos  HOpou pro-skuNEIN dei.
that in Jerusalem is the place where menought to worship.
s. 4:21 JESUS GIVES A YET MORE STARTLING CHALLENGE
LEgei auTE ho IeSOUS, PIsteuE moi, GUnai, HOti ERche-tai HOra, HOte OUte en to Orei TOUto,
:Jesus said to her, Believe me, woman, that an hour comes, when neither in this :mountain,
OUte en Ie-ro-soLUmois, pro-skuNEse-te to paTRI.
nor in Jerusalem, shall you worship the Father.
t. 4:22 SALVATION IS OF THE JEWS
huMEIS pro-skuNEIte ho ouk OIda-te: heMEIS pro-skuNOUmen ho OIda-men;
YOU worship you know not what: WE worship what we know;
HOti he so-teRIa  ek ton IouDAIon esTIN.
for :salvation is from the Jews.
u. 4:23 A HIGH DECLARATION OF TRUE WORSHIP
alLA ERche-tai HOra, kai NUN es-tin, HOte hoi a-le-thiNOI pro-sku-neTAI 
But an hour comes, and now is, when the true worshippers
pro-skuNEsou-sin to paTRI en PNEUma-ti kai a-leTHEIa:
shall worship the Father in spirit and truth:
kai gar ho paTER toiOUtous zeTEI tous pro-skuNOUNtas auTON.
for even such the Father seeks as his :worshipers.
v. 4:24 :God is Spirit: and who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.
PNEUma ho TheOS: kai tous pro-skuNOUNtas auTON en PNEUma-ti kai a-leTHEIa dei pro-skuNEIN.
w. 4:25 THE WOMAN IS BROUGHT BACK TO MESSIAH'S COMING
LEgei auTO he guNE, OIda HOti MesSIas  ERche-tai ho leGOme-nos ChrisTOS:
The woman said to him, I know that Messiah comes that is called Christ:
HOtan ELthe eKEInos, a-nag-geLEI [ 312] heMIN HApan-ta.
when HE is come, he will declare to us all things.
x. 4:26 :Jesus said to her, I that speak to you amhe.
LEgei auTEho 'IeSOUS, E-GOei-mi ho laLON soi.
NOTE: This passage has an importance beyond what a casual reader will find. 4:10 is the verse containing this enlightening truth. “do-reA” (Gift) is used but 11 times in the NT, and this is its first reference. In pedagogy, according to the “law of first reference”, the basic meaning of a word is found here.
I was brought up on a farm in Langley, BC, Canada during the early days of the Great '29 Depression. When the farm well was previously drilled, workmen inadvertently dropped some pipe down, which became stuck. Ever since, one had to pump the water around this stuck pipe - in a much lesser stream of water than it should have been. I did most of the pumping for two years from 1933-35. 12 cows, 50 sheep, 4 horses, pigs, and our household of 4 needed water. But down in the valley, several hundred feet below our farm on a hill, my friends drilled into the same stream of water. There the pressure lifted water in storage tanks, requiring no pumping. It was an “artesian well” that met their needs. What a break it was for me when electricity came to our farm, and a pump replaced my efforts.
So do I understand the nature of an artesian well versus a well that requires pumping? You better believe it! Now see some of the other references to this “do-reA” (gift) in the NT. Acts 2:38 is the “Peter Package” - two conditions and one promise - that of an artesian well in one's life - following repentance and baptism! Acts 8:20 tells us that this “gift” cannotbe purchased with money - it is freely given to us by God on the basis of Christ's Finished Work! Acts 10:45 and 11:17 reveal that God intends this giftfor us Gentiles - as well as for Jews! It is for the “One New Man”!
Romans 5:15 reveals that this giftis by grace! 5:17 tells us that it is the “gift” of righteousness, imparted to us to make us like Christ; and that we might reignin life through this One who baptizes us into the Holy Spirit.
2 Corinthians 9:15 says, “Thanks to :God for his unspeakable“gift”. Some attribute this to Christ - but it cannot be - because for 10 other references, all commentaries acknowledge it refers to the Holy Spirit as an artesian well - surely then this 11threference is no exception. According to Paul this inward gift of the Holy Spirit explains the hilarious giving of the Corinthian church in chapters 8 and 9.
God loves a cheerfulgiver - Give it all you've got -
He loves to hear you laughing - When you're in an awkward spot!
When the odds add up against you - It's time to shout and sing -
Praise God - To Praise Him is a joyous thing!
This was sung by the “Medical Sisters” back in the late 60's and early 70's.
Ephesians 3:7 explains the secretof Paul's extraordinary ministry. Ephesians 4:7 encourages us to believe also for the grace through this giftto fulfill God's purposes for us. And Hebrews 6:4 warns us not to neglect this heavenly gift, for it may not be possible to renew it for us if left and neglected.
So- did Jesus introduction of this giftmotivate this Samaritan woman? Indeed it did! Immediately she became an evangelist, and won her whole village to the Lord. Many other lessons can be found in this passage. By all means let's search them out. - J.A.W.