(From: JOHN #43 - 20:1-31)
I. 20:1-18 THE UNFOLDING RESURRECTION WITNESS
1. 20:1-2 FIRST INTIMATION OF RESURRECTION: JESUS' BODY GONE
a. 20:1 SIGN: STONE OF JESUS' TOMB REMOVED
Tede miA ton sabBAton MaRIa heMag-da-leNEERche-tai proI ,
Now on the first day of the week comes Mary :Magdalene early,
skoTIas  Eti OUses, eis to mneMEIon , kai BLEpei ton LIthon erMEnon ek tou mneMEIou.
while it was yet dark, unto the tomb, and sees the stone taken away from the tomb.
b. 20:2 MARY MAGDALENE REPORTS REMOVAL OF JESUS' BODY
TREchei  oun, kai ERche-tai pros SImon-a PEtron,
She runs therefore, and comes unto Simon Peter,
kai pros ton ALlon ma-theTEN hon ePHIlei ho IeSOUS, kai LEgei auTOIS,
and unto the other disciple whom :Jesus loved, and says to them,
Eran ton KUri-on ek tou mneMEIou, kai ouk OIda-men tou Ethe-kan auTON.
They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we know not where they have laid him.
2. 20:3-10 SECOND INTIMATION OF RESURRECTION: CLOTHES LYING
a. 20:3 :Peter therefore went forth, and the other disciple, and they went to the tomb.
E-XELthen oun ho PEtros, kai ho ALlos ma-theTES, kai ERchon-to eis to mneMEIon.
b. 20:4-5 JOHN OUTRUNS PETER
Etre-chon de hoi DUo hoMOU: kai ho ALlos ma-theTES proEdra-men TAchei-on tou PEtrou,
And the two ran together: and the other disciple outran :Peter,
kai ELthen PROtos eis to mneMEIon; kai pa-raKUpsas ,
and came first to the tomb; 5and stooping down,
BLEpei KEIme-na  ta oTHOni-a ; ou MENtoi eiSELthen.
he sees the linen cloths lying; yet went he not in.
c. 20:6-7 PETER OBSERVES THE LINEN CLOTHS LYING AND NAPKIN
ERche-tai oun kai SImon PEtros, a-ko-louTHON auTO,
Simon Peter therefore also comes, following him,
kai eiSELthen eis to mneMEIon; kai the-oREI ta oTHOni-a KEIme-na,
and went into the tomb; and he beholds the linen cloths lying,
kai to souDAri-on , ho en ePI tes ke-phaLES auTOU, ou meTA
7and the napkin, that was upon his :head, not lying
ton o-thoNIon KEIme-non, alLA choRIS en-te-tu-ligMEnon eis HEna TOpon.
with the linen cloths, but rolled up into one place apart.
d. 20:8 JOHN ENTERS, OBSERVES, AND BELIEVES
TOte oun eiSELthen kai ho ALlos ma-theTES,
Then went in therefore the other disciple also,
ho elTHON PROtos eis to mneMEIon, kai EIden, kai ePIsteu-sen.
who came first to the tomb, and he saw, and believed.
e. 20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from thedead.
ouDEpogar Edei-san ten graPHEN, HOti dei auTON ek neKRON a-naSTEnai .
f. 29:10 So the disciples went away again unto their own.
aPELthon oun PAlin pros auTOUS hoi ma-theTAI.
3. 20:11-18 ACTUALITY OF RESURRECTION: JESUS MANIFESTED
a. 20:11-12 MARY SEES TWO ANGELS
MaRIa de hiSTEkei pros to mneMEIo Exo KLAIou-sa :
But Mary was standing without at the tomb weeping:
hos oun Eklai-en, paREku-psen eis to mneMEIon;
as therefore she was weeping, she stooped into the tomb;
kai the-oREI DUo agGElous en leuKOIS  ka-the-zoMEnous, HEna pros te ke-phaLE,
12and beholds two angels in white sitting, one at the head,
kai HEna pros tois poSIN, HOpou Ekei-to to SOma tou IeSOU.
and one at the feet, where the body of :Jesus had lain.
b. 20:13a And THEY say to her, Woman, why do you weep?
kai LEgou-sin auTEeKEInoi, GUnai, ti KLAIeis?
c. 20:13b MARY'S RESPONSE
LEgei auTOIS, HOti Eran ton KUriON mou,
She says to them, Because they have taken away my :Lord,
kai ouk OIda pou Ethe-kan auTON.
and I know not where they have laid him.
d. 20:14 MARY DOESN'T RECOGNIZE JESUS
TAUta eiPOUsa, eSTRAphe  eis ta oPIso,
When she had thus said, she turned around,
kai the-oREI ton IeSOUN heSTOta, kai ouk Edei HOti IeSOUS es-tin.
and beholds :Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.
e. 20:15a Jesus says to her, Woman, why do you weep? whom do you seek?
LEgei auTEIeSOUS, GUnai, ti KLAIeis? TIna zeTEIS?
f. 20:15b MARY'S RESPONSE TO JESUS
eKEIne, doKOUsa  HOti ho ke-pouROS  es-tin, LEgei auTO,
SHE, supposing him to be the gardener, says to him,
KUri-e, ei su eBAsta-sas auTON, eiPE moi pou Ethe-kas auTON, ka' 'GO auTON aRO.
Sir, if you have borne him hence, tell me where you have laid him, and I will take him away.
g. 20:16a Jesus says to her, Mariam. LEgei auTEIeSOUS, Ma-riAM.
h. 20:16b SHE turned, andsays to him in Hebrew, Rabbounei; which is to say, Teacher.
i. 20:17 INTERESTING INSTRUCTIONS OF JESUS
LEgei auTE IeSOUS, Me HAPtou  mou; OUpo gar a-naBEbe-ka  pros ton paTEra:
Jesus says to her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended unto the Father:
poREUou de pros tous a-delPHOUS mou, kai eiPE auTOIS,
but go unto my :brethren, and tell them,
A-naBAIno pros ton paTEra mou kai paTEra huMON, kai TheON mou kai TheON huMON.
I ascend unto my :Father and your Father, and my God and your God.
j. 20:18 MARY MAGDALENE REPORTS THE ABOVE
ERche-tai Ma-riAM he Mag-da-leNE agGELlou-sa  tois ma-theTAIS [hoTI]
Mariam :Magdalene comes anddeclares to the disciples [that]
E-Ora-katon KUri-on, kai TAUta EIpen auTE.
I have seen the Lord, and he had said these thingsto her.
J. 20:19-23 POST-RESURRECTION COMMISSION
a. 20:19 JESUS APPEARS TO HIS DISCIPLES
OUses oun oPSIas te heMEra eKEIne, te miA sabBAton,
When therefore it was evening on that day, the first of the week,.
kai ton thuRON ke-kleisMEnon  HOpou Esan hoi ma-theTAI,
and when the doors were shut where the disciples were,
diA ton PHObon ton IouDAIon, ELthen ho IeSOUS kai ESte eis to MEson,
for :fear of the Jews, :Jesus came and stood in the midst,
kai LEgei auTOIS, EiREne  huMIN.
and says to them, Peace to you.
b. 20:20a And on saying this, he showed them the hands and the side.
kai TOUto eiPON, Edei-xen kai tas CHEIras kai ten pleuRAN auTOIS.
c. 20:20b The disciples therefore rejoiced when they saw the Lord.
eCHAre-san  oun hoi ma-theTAI iDONtes ton KUri-on.
d. 20:21 JESUS COMMISSIONS HIS DISCIPLES
EIpen oun auTOIS ho IeSOUS paLIN, eIREne huMIN:
:Jesus therefore said to them again, Peace to you:
kaTHOS aPEstalKEN  me ho paTER, ka' 'GO PEMpo  huMAS.
even as the Father has sent me, I also send you.
e. 20:22-23 BREATH OF GOD IMPARTS HOLY SPIRIT
kai TOUto eiPON, e-nePHUse-sen , kai LEgei auTOIS, LAbe-te PNEUma HAgi-on;
And on saying this, he breathed on them, and says to them, Receive theHoly Spirit;
AN ti-non aPHEte  tas ha-marTIas, aPHEon-tai auTOIS; AN ti-non kraTEte , keKRAten-tai.
23whoever :sins you forgive, they are forgiven them; whoever you retain, they are retained.
K. 20:24-29 THE BEST PROOFOF RESURRECTION
1. 20:24-25 PROOF BASED ON FIVE SENSES
a. 20:24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, :called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
ThoMAS de, heis ek ton DOde-ka, ho leGOme-nos DIdu-mos, ouk en met' auTON HOte ELthen IeSOUS.
b. 20:25a The other disciples therefore said to him, We have seen the Lord.
Ele-gon oun auTOhoi ALloi ma-theTAI, He-oRAka-men ton KUri-on.
c. 20:25b THE DOUBTS OF THOMAS
ho de EIpen auTOIS, E-AN me Ido en tais cherSIN  auTOU ton TUpon  ton HElon ,
But he said to them, Except I shall see in his :hands the print of the nails,
kai BAlo ton DAKtuLON  mou eis ton TUpon ton HElon,
and put my :finger into the print of the nails,
kai BAlo  mou ten CHEIra eis ten pleuRAN auTOU, ou me piSTEUso.
and put my :hand into his :side I will in nowise believe.
2. 20:26-29 PROOF BASED ON FAITH IN THE WORD
a. 20:26a And after eight days again his :disciples were within, and Thomas with them.
Kai meth' heMEras okTO PAlin Esan Eso hoi ma-theTAI auTOU, kai ThoMAS met' auTON.
b. 20:26b :Jesus comes, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace to you.
ERche-tai ho IeSOUS, ton thuRON  ke-kleisMEnon, kai ESte eis to MEson, kai EIpen, EiREne huMIN.
c. 20:27 THOMAS' UNBELIEF REPROVED
EIta LEgei to ThoMA, PHEre ton DAKtuLON sou HOde,
Then says he to :Thomas, Reach here your :finger,
kai Ide tas CHEI-RAS mou; kai PHEre ten CHEI-RA sou, kai BAle eis ten pleuRAN mou:
and see my :hands; and reach your :hand, and put itinto my :side:
kai me GInou Api-stos , alLA piSTOS.
and be not unbelieving, but believing.
d. 20:28 Thomas answered and said to him, My :Lord and my :God.
a-peKRItheThoMAS kai EIpen auTO, Ho KUriOS mou kai ho TheOS mou.
e. 20:29 TO BELIEVE APART FROM SEEING - THE GREATERBLESSING!
LEgei auTO ho IeSOUS, HOti heOraKAS me, pePIsteu-kas?
:Jesus says to him, Because you have seen me, have you believed?
maKAri-oi  hoi me iDONtes, kai piSTEUsan-tes.
blessed they that have not seen, and have believed.
L. 20:30-31 USE AND INTENT OF OUR LORD'S MIRACLES
PolLA men oun kai ALla seMEIa  ePOIe-sen ho IeSOUS eNOpi-on ton ma-theTON,
Many other signs therefore did :Jesus before the disciples,
ha ouk EStin ge-gramMEna en to bibLIo TOUto: TAUta de GEgrap-tai,
which are not written in this :book: 31but these are written,
HIna piSTEUe-te HOti IeSOUS es-tin ho ChrisTOS, ho huiOS tou TheOU;
that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of :God;
kai HIna piSTEUon-tes zo-EN  Eche-te en to oNOma-ti  auTOU.
and that believing you may have life in his :name.
NOTE: And whydid Jesus reveal Himself in His resurrected state firstto a woman? It was notbecause in Christ there is neither male nor female. I believe it was because of the difference between men and women. Women have an intuitive faculty that moves more quickly towards an insight than that of men. Jesus didn't want to have any delay through lack of swift perception, so He chose Mary Magdalene to reveal Himself to first. And true to form, she swiftly and accurately relayed the message He gave her to His brethren!”
That is why is says in Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 - “Twoare better than one - for they shall receive a goodreward for their labor.”And in Deuteronomy 32:20 - “One shall drive 1000 to flight, but two 10,000!”And in Matthew 18:19 - “If twoof you shall agree on earth as touching anythingthey shall ask, it shallbe done for them of my :Father who isin the heavens.” And what better line-up of two can be found outside of the marriage team? Again and again I have sensed the truth of the above in my wife Marie. She often has to wait for me to come up to the answer that she intuitively arrives at. She seems to cut through the red tape of the rational male process. And of course there are exceptions. John the Beloved disciple perceived immediately before Peter that Jesus had risen from the dead, by understanding the significance of the linen cloths in which Jesus had been wrapped, and the head-napkin rolled up and in a place apart. Also in John 21:7, John intuitively knew it was Jesuson the shore, before Peter had figured it out.
Mary Magdalene paid little attention to the two angels in the vacated tomb. It was Jesus' body she was interested in. And - it was the sound of His voice naming her by name - that immediately brought full recognition to her.
Yet Jesus did not allow Mary to touch Him until firstHe had presented Himself victoriously to the Father, as One who had completely and successfully completed the assignment that had been give Him on earth. This was in line following Levitical protocol under the Old Covenant. Jesus always walked in the true spirit of this Covenant. He being Himself - Covenant- also knew the significance of Hebrews 8:6, and that the New Covenant had been constituted Torahon the same level as the Mosaic Covenant. See the NOTEunder John 18:28-40 on Dr. David Stern on Hebrews 8:6 - for deeper insight on the unity of the entireBible as Torah.
Then see John 20:28 - “Thomas answered and said to him, My theLord and my theGod.” The Greek definite article “the” - is most important. Latin does not make use of this part of speech, and the King James Authorized Version followed more closely the Latin Vulgate of Jerome, than the Greek text, and it then is apparent by the use of the definite article here. Note how Thomas uses the article in the above quote. The Jehovah's Witnesses make a great deal of the omission of the definite article in John 1:1 - “In the beginning the Word was, and the Word was with :God, and the Word was God.” Note that the definite article does notprecede the second reference to God as it relates to the Word. “See”, say the J. W's. “Jesus the Word is only aGod, not theGod like the Father!” I challenged one of their leaders - “If I could show you a reference to Jesus where He is listed as theGod - would you the acknowledge your error in your teaching?” “Yes”, he said, I would. But you cannot find such a reference.” “Turn to John 20:28,” I challenged him, “and read to me.” Thisfinished him before a group of a score or so.
Jesus is:God - the God, and according to Oswald Chambers - At this time, Heis the God with which we have to do, and the exact manifestation of the Father. When we honor Jesus - we honor the Father! J.A.W.