(From: JOHN #42 - 19:23-42)
F. 19:23-27 JESUS' GARMENTS AND MOTHER CARED FOR
a. 19:23 DIVIDING JESUS' GARMENTS FOLLOWING HIS CRUCIFIXION
Hoi oun stra-tiOtai, HOte eSTAUro-san ton IeSOUN,
The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified :Jesus,
Ela-ben ta hiMAti-a auTOU kai ePOIe-san TESse-ra MEre, heKAsto stra-tiOteMEros; kai to chiTOna:
took his :garments and made four parts, to every soldier a part; also the coat:
en de ho chiTON Ara-phos , ek ton Ano-then hu-phanTOS di' HOlou.
now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
b. 19:24a CASTING LOTS UPON OUR LORD'S VESTURE
EIpan oun pros alLElous, MeSCHIso-men auTON,
They said therefore one unto another, Let us not rend it,
alLA LAcho-men peRI auTOU, TInos EStai: HIna hegraPHE ple-roTHE,
but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture be fulfilled,
Di-e-meRIsan-to  ta hiMAtiA mou he-auTOIS, kai ePI ton hi-ma-tisMON mou Eba-lon  KLEron.
They parted my :garments among themselves, and upon my :vesture they cast a lot.
c. 19:24b These thingstherefore the soldiers did.
Hoi men oun stra-tiOtai TAUta ePOIe-san.
d. 19:25 THOSE BY JESUS' CROSS
hiSTEkei-san de paRA to stauRO tou IeSOU he MEter auTOU, kai he a-delPHE
But by the cross of :Jesus were standing his :mother, and the sister
tes meTROS auTOU, MaRIa he tou KloPA, kai MaRIa he Mag-da-leNE.
of his :mother, Mary the wifeof :Clopas, and Mary :Magdalene.
e. 19:26 JESUS COMMENDS HIS MOTHER TO JOHN'S CARE
IeSOUS oun iDON ten meTEra, kai ton ma-theTEN pa-reSTOta hon eGApa,
When Jesus therefore saw his :mother, and the disciples standing by whom he loved,
LEgei te meTRI, GUnai, Ide, ho huiOS sou!
he says to his:mother, Woman, behold, your :son!
f. 19:27a. Then says he to the disciple, Behold, your :mother!
EIta LEgei toma-theTE, Ide, heMEter sou!
g. 19:27b And from that :hour the disciple took her unto his own home.
kai ap' eKEInes tes HOras Ela-ben auTEN ho ma-theTES eis ta Idi-a.
G. 19:28-37 SCRIPTURES FULFILLED AT DEATH OF JESUS
1. 19:28-30 OUR SAVIOR'S DEATH
a. 19:28 A SAYING OF JESUS FROM THE CROSS
MeTA TOUto, eiDOS ho IeSOUS HOti Ede PANta teTEle-stai ,
After this :Jesus, knowing that all thingsare now finished,
HIna te-lei-oTHE  he graPHE, LEgei, DiPSO .
that the scripture be accomplished, says, I thirst.
b. 19:29 VINEGAR BROUGHT TO JESUS' MOUTH
SKEUos  Ekei-to Oxous  meSTON;
A vessel full of vinegar was set there;
SPOGgon oun meSTON tou Oxous husSOpo pe-riTHENtes, proSEneg-kan auTOU to STOma-ti.
so they put a sponge full of the vinegar upon hyssop, andbrought it to his :mouth.
c. 19:30 CHRIST'S WORK FINISHED
HOte oun Ela-ben to Oxos ho IeSOUS, EIpen,
When :Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said,
TeTEle-stai : kai KLInas  ten ke-phaLEN paREdo-ken  to PNEUma.
It is finished: and he bowed his head andgave up his :spirit.
2. 19:31-37 PROOF OF DEATH
a. 19:31 JEWS REQUEST BREAKING OF JESUS' LEGS TO SPEED HIS DEATH
Hoi oun IouDAIoi, ePEI pa-ra-skeuE  en,
The Jews therefore, since it was Preparation,
HIna me MEIne ePI tou stauROU ta SOma-ta en to sabBAto
that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the sabbath
(en gar meGAle he heMEra eKEInou tou sabBAtou), eROte-san ton PeiLAton
(for of that :sabbath the day was high), asked :Pilate
HIna ka-te-aGOsin  auTON ta SKEle , kai arTHOsin .
that their :legs be broken, and they be taken away.
b. 19:32-34 SOLDIERS BROKE NOT JESUS' LEGS BECAUSE HE ALREADY DEAD
ELthon oun hoi stra-tiOtai, kai tou men PROtou kaTEa-xan ta SKEle,
The soldiers therefore came, and broke the legs of the first,
kai tou ALlou tou sun-tau-roTHENtos auTO:
and of the other that was crucified with him:
ePI de ton IeSOUN elTHONtes, hos EIdon Ede auTON teth-neKOta ,
33but when they came to :Jesus, and saw that he was dead already,
ou kaTEa-xan auTOU ta SKEle:
they broke not his :legs:
all' heis ton stra-ti-oTON LOGche  auTOU ten pleuRAN  Enu-xen ,
34but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his :side,
kai eXELthen euTHUS HAIma kai HUdor.
and straightway blood and water came out.
c. 19:35 JOHN WITNESSES OF THE ABOVE
kai ho he-o-raKOS me-marTUre-ken, kai a-le-thiNE auTOU es-tin he mar-tuRIa:
And who has seen has borne witness, and his :witness is true:
kai eKEInos OIden HOti a-leTHE LEgei, HIna kai huMEIS piSTEUse-te.
and HE knows that he speaks true, that YOU also may believe.
d. 19:36 For these thingscame to pass, that the scripture be fulfilled, Not a bone of him shall be crushed.
eGEne-to gar TAUta, HIna he graPHE ple-roTHE, OsTOUN  ou sun-triBEse-tai  auTOU.
e. 19:37 And again another scripture says, They shall look to whom they have pierced.
kai PAlin heTEra graPHE LEgei, Opson-tai eis hon e-xeKENte-san .
H. 19:38-42 THE BURIAL OF JESUS
a. 19:38a JOSEPH OF ARIMATHAEA TAKES JESUS' BODY
MeTA de TAUta eROte-sen ton PeiLAton IoSEPH aPO A-ri-maTHAIas,
And after these thingsJoseph of Arimathaea,
on ma-theTES tou IeSOU, ke-krumMEnos de diA ton PHObon ton IouDAIon,
being a disciple of :Jesus, but secretly for :fear of the Jews,
HIna Are to SOma tou IeSOU: kai ePEtre-psen  ho PeiLAtos.
asked :Pilate that he might take away the body of :Jesus: and :Pilate gave leave.
b. 19:38b He came therefore, and took away his :body.
ELthen oun, kai Eren to SOma auTOU.
c. 19:39 CHARACTER OF NICODEMUS
ELthen de kai NiKOde-mos (ho elTHON pros auTON nukTOS to PROton)
And Nicodemus also came (who at the first came to him by night)
PHEron Elig-ma  SMURnes  kai aLOes , hos LItras he-kaTON.
bringing a roll of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.
d. 19:40 BURIAL PREPARATIONS FOR JESUS
Ela-bon oun to SOma tou IeSOU, kai Ede-san  auTO o-thoNIois 
They took therefore the body of :Jesus, and bound it in linen cloths
meTA ton a-roMAton, kaTHOS Ethos  esTIN tois IouDAIois en-ta-phiAzein .
with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.
e. 19:41 THE LOCATION OF JESUS' TOMB
en de en to TOpoHOpou e-stauROtheKEpos ;
Now in the place where he was crucified was a garden;
kai en to KEpo mneMEIon kaiNON  en ho ouDEpo ouDEIS en te-theiMEnos .
and in the garden a new tomb wherein man was never yet laid.
f. 19:42 There then because of the Jews' Preparation (because the tomb was near) they laid :Jesus.
eKEI oun diA ten pa-ra-skeuEN ton IouDAIon (HOti egGUS en to mneMEIon) Ethe-kan ton IeSOUN.
NOTE: It is a bit odd to think that Jesus in His travail of soul on the Cross, yet felt it necessary to turn His mother over to the keeping of His special disciple John! For - his half-brothers James and Jude later wrote two of the 27 books of the NT, and James became the apostolic pastor of the church of Jerusalem, having leadership over the 12 apostles plus all the elder pastors of the church of Jerusalem, with over 5000 men besides women and children.
We know that when Jesus went secretly to Jerusalem for the last Passover of His ministry, at which He became the true Passover, his brothers did notthen believe on Him. Possibly they became disciples at the death and resurrection of their brother after the flesh - and were of the 120 in the Upper Room with their mother Mary - when the Spirit was outpoured on the Day of Pentecost.
Still, that did not change the new residence of Mary, who remained with John according to the appointment of Jesus.
It is important to note 19:28-37, and the recording here of the fulfillment of prophetic scriptures concerning the end time of the Messiah's earthly ministry, fulfilled by Jesus, Son of man and Son of God.
God knew how difficult it would be for Jews to see Jesus as the fulfillment of Messianic Prophecy - so He multiplied occurrence after occurrence in the last week of Jesus prior to His crucifixion - of how His only begotten Son fulfilled allprophecies spoken of Him aforetime as David's greater son.
Any person understanding the details of law fulfillment, would of necessity have to acknowledge that Jesus of Nazareth, was indeed that Prophet to come - the One foretold by Moses. And what of the Jewish leaders of that day who so blindly and blatantly rejected all of these unanswerable proofs?
Then we can tremble for them with the sure upcoming of the Great White Throne Judgment, when Jesus as God's appointed Judge - will mete out to them at that time their just desserts. Let all men tremble like Felix in Acts 24, when Paul reasoned of righteousness, self-control, and judgment to come! J.A.W.