(From: JOHN #37 - 16:16-33)
4. 16:16-24 COMPENSATION: THE FATHER WILL ANSWER PRAYER
a. 16:16 A little while,and you behold me no more; and again a little, and you shall see me.
MiKRON, kai ouKEti the-oREI-TE me; kai PAlin miKRON, kai OpsesTHE me.
b. 16:17 PERPLEXITY OF JESUS’ DISCIPLES
EIpan oun ek ton ma-theTON  auTOU pros alLElous, TI es-tin TOUto ho LEgei heMIN, MiKRON,
Some of his :disciples therefore said one unto another, What is this that he says to us, A little,
kai ou the-oREI-TE me; kai PAlin miKRON, kai OpseTHE me: kai, HOti huPAgopros ton paTEra?
and you behold me not; and again a little, and you shall see me: and, Because I go unto the Father?
c. 16:18a They said therefore, What is this that he says, A little?
Ele-gon oun, TI es-tin TOUto ho LEgei, miKRON?
d. 16:18b We know not what he says. ouk OIda-men ti laLEI.
e. 16:19 JESUS PERCEIVES THEIR PERPLEXITY
EGnoIeSOUS HOti Ethe-lon auTON e-roTAN , kai EIpen auTOIS,
Jesus perceived that they wished to ask him, and said to them,
PeRI TOUtou zeTEIte  met’ alLElon, HOti EIpon, MiKRON,
Do you inquire among yourselves concerning this, that I said, A little,
kai ou the-oREI-TE me, kai PAlin miKRON kai OpsesTHE me?
and you behold me not, and again a little and you shall see me?
f. 16:20 JESUS RESPONDS
aMEN, aMEN, LEgohuMIN Oti KLAUse-te  kai threNEse-te  huMEIS,
Amen, Amen, I say unto that you YOU shall weep and lament,
ho de KOSmos chaREse-tai: huMEIS lu-peTHEses-the ,
but the world shall rejoice: YOU shall be sorrowful,
all’ heLUpehuMON eis chaRAN geNEse-tai.
but your :sorrow shall be turned into joy.
g. 16:21 AN ANALOGY
heguNEHOtan TIKteLUpen  Echei, HOti ELthen heHOra auTES:
The woman when she gives birth has sorrow, because her :hour is come:
HOtan de genNEseto paiDIon , ouKEti mne-moNEUei tes THLIpse-os ,
but when she delivers the child, she remembers no more the tribulation,
diA ten chaRAN  HOti e-genNEtheANthro-pos eis ton KOSmon.
for the joy that a man is born into the world.
h. 16:22 JESUS APPLIES THE ANALOGY
kai huMEIS oun nun men LUpen Eche-te: PAlin de Opso-mai huMAS, kai chaREse-tai huMON hekarDIa,
And YOU therefore now have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your :heart shall rejoice,
kai ten chaRAN huMON ouDEIS aREI aph’ huMON.
and your :joy no one shall take away from you.
i. 16:23a And in that :day you shall ask me nothing.
kai en eKEIneteheMEra eME ouk e-roTEse-te  ouDEN.
j. 10:23b THE FATHER: IN JESUS’ NAME WILL RECEIVE REQUESTS
aMEN, aMEN, LEgohuMIN, an ti aiTEse-te ton paTEra,
Amen, amen, I say unto you, If you shall ask anything of the Father,
DOsei huMIN en tooNOmaTI mou.
he will give you in my :name.
k. 16:24 JOY: THE OUTFLOW OF ANSWERED PRAYER
HEos ARti ouk eTEsa-te ouDEN en tooNOmaTI mou:
Hitherto you have asked nothing in my :name:
aiTEIte, kai LEMpses-the, HIna hechaRA huMON hepe-ple-roMEne.
ask, and you shall receive, that your :joy be fulfilled.
5. 16:25-33 CLEAR REVELATION: A RESULT OF SPIRIT’S COMING
a. 16:25 THE COMING DAY OF CLEAR REVELATION
TAUta en pa-roiMIais  leLAle-ka huMIN:
These thingshave I spoken to you in proverbs:
ERche-tai HOra, HOte ouKEti en pa-roiMIais laLEsohuMIN,
an hour comes, when I shall no more speak to you in proverbs,
alLA par-reSIa  peRI tou paTROS a-pag-geLO huMIN.
but shall report to you openly of the Father.
b. 16:26-27 COMING: A CLEARER REVELATION OF THE FATHER
en eKEIneteheMEra en tooNOmaTI mou aiTEses-the:
In that :day you shall ask in my :name:
kai ou LEgohuMIN, HOti eGOe-roTEsoton paTEra peRI huMON;
and I say not unto you, that I will ask the Father for you;
auTOS gar ho paTER phiLEI huMAS, HOti huMEIS eME pe-phiLEka-te,
27 for the Father himself loves you, because YOU have loved me,
kai pe-pisTEUka-te HOti eGOpaRA tou paTROS eXELthon.
and have believed that I came forth from the Father.
c. 16:28 JESUS CLEARLY REVEALS HIMSELF
eXELthon ek tou paTROS, kai eLElu-tha eis ton KOSmon:
I came out from the Father, and am come into the world:
PAlin, aPHIe-mi ton KOSmon, kai poREUo-mai pros ton paTEra.
again, I leave the world, and go unto the Father.
d. 16:29 His :disciples say, Behold, now you speak plainly, and do not speak a proverb.
LEgou-sin hoi ma-theTAI auTOU, Ide, nun en par-reSIa laLEIS, kai pa-roiMIan ou-deMIan LEgeis.
e. 16:30 THE CLEAR REVELATION OF THE DISCIPLES
nun OIda-men HOti OIdas PANta, kai ou CHREIan Echeis HIna TIS se e-roTA:
Now we know that you know all things, and do not need that any oneshould ask you:
en TOUtopisTEUo-men HOti aPO TheOU eXELthes.
by this we believe that you came forth from God.
f. 16:31 Jesus answered them, Do you believe now?
a-peKRItheauTOIS IeSOUS, ARti pisTEUe-te?
g. 16:32 JESUS PROPHESIES THEIR DEFECTION
Idou, ERche-tai HOra, kai eLElu-then, HIna skor-pisTHEte ,
Lo, an hour comes, even is come, that you shall be scattered,
HEka-stos eis ta Idi-a, ka’ ’ME MOnon aPHEte:
every one to his:own, and shall leave me alone:
kai ouk eiMI MOnos, HOti ho paTER met’ eMOU esTIN.
and I am not alone, because the Father is with me.
h. 16:33a These things have I spoken to you, that in me you may have peace.
TAUta leLAle-ka huMIN, HIna en eMOI eiREnen  Echete.
i. 16:33b In the world you have tribulation: but be of goodcheer; I have overcome the world.
en toKOSmoTHLIpsin  Eche-te: alLA tharSEIte ; eGOneNIke-ka  ton KOSmon.
NOTE: See the difficulty Jesus had in communicating with His disciples prior to the coming of the Holy Spirit. If anypassage shows up the outstanding importance of the indwelling Spirit – this one does. It is of paramount importance first that human beings are born of the Spirit from above. Next, on the basis of covenant understanding, we must become disciples by not only confessing with our mouth Jesus as Lord– but also by faith receiving the Gift of the Holy Spirit as the Comforter, and Jesus’ full replacement. When we are born again, the Spirit comes in (Greek “en”) us. When we are baptized in the Spirit He comes upon (Greek “epi”) us. Dr. T. J. McCrossan, teacher for Dr. Charles S. Price, has a whole book on this subject, “Christ's Paralyzed Church X-Rayed”.
By the very questions of Jesus’ disciples here, we see the inability of Jesus to get across to them the truths of this passage. In another Gospel Jesus says – “I have a baptism to be baptized with – and how am I straitened until it is accomplished!” Until Jesus completes His Commission from the Father on the Cross, and through His “Finished Work” there, the Holy Spirit is not yet lawfully and righteously made available – and human beings apart from His Indwelling Presence – are unable to grasp spiritual truths! No wonder worldly people are hopelessly at a loss to understand spiritual truths. 1 Corinthians chapters 1 & 2 lay this insight out in clear and simple form.
But verse 23 of this passage in John 16 shows the tremendous blessing in answered prayer from the Father in Jesus’ Name – that becomes ours once this divine reception from heaven takes place.
Jesus in John 16:15-23 restates and summarizes this in His teaching on the intimate relationship of Calvary and the Holy Spirit. To see this in a yet clearer manner, do a Greek word study on the word “do-reA” – Gift – as it appears first in John 4:10 and next in Acts 2:38. There are only 11 references to this Greek word in the entire New Testament. Each refers back to the law of first reference in John 4:10, where Jesus likens the “do-reA” to an artesian well. The Romans 5:15 and 17 references are startling. Some have in 2 Corinthians 9:15 interpreted the “doreA” to refer to Christ. This can’t be accurate in the light of the other 10 references. If these 10 refer to the Holy Spirit clearly according to context, then the 2 Corinthians 9:15 reference must alsorefer to the goftof the Holy Spirit.
Take note now – John 13-16 has laid the foundation for John 17, and therefore links these 5 chapters together. John 17 can only be fully understood in seeing this previous foundation. It states the necessityof Jesus’ Atoning work, and the subsequent coming of the Holy Spirit. His High Priestly Prayer after the order of Melchizedek that follows, makes perfect sense in the light of this context. J.A.W.