(From: JOHN #28 - 12:12-36)
F. 12:12-19 TRIUMPHAL ENTRY
a. 12:12-13 THE JOYFUL WELCOME OF JESUS
TeePAUri-on ho OCHlos poLUS ho elTHON eis ten he-orTEN,
On the morrow the great crowd that came to the feast,
aKOUsan-tes HOti ERche-tai IeSOUS eis Ie-roSOlu-ma, Ela-bon ta baIa ton phoiNIkon ,
on hearing that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13took the branches of the palm trees,
kai eXELthon eis huPANte-sin auTO, kai eKRAUga-zon , Ho-sanNA :
and went out to meet him, and shouted, Hosanna:
eu-lo-geMEnos ho erCHOme-nos en oNOma-ti KuRIou, kai ho ba-siLEUS tou Is-raEL.
Blessed who comes in the Lord's Name, Even the King of :Israel.
b. 12:14-15 JESUS AGAIN FULFILLS SCRIPTURE
heuRON de ho IeSOUS oNAri-on , eKAthi-sen ep' auTO; kaTHOS es-tin ge-gramMEnon,
And :Jesus, having found a young ass, sat on it; even as itis written,
MephoBOU, thuGAter SiON: iDOU, ho ba-siLEUS sou ERche-tai, kaTHEme-nos ePI POlon Onou.
15Fear not, daughter of Zion: Lo, your :King comes, Sitting on an ass's colt.
c. 12:16 THE ABOVE UNDERSTOOD BY JESUS' DISCIPLES - FOLLOWING HIS RESURRECTION!
TAUta ouk EGno-san auTOU hoi ma-theTAI to PROton:
These things understood not his :disciples at the first:
all' HOte e-doXAStheIeSOUS, TOte emNESthe-san 
but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered
HOti TAUta en ep' auTOge-gramMEna, kai TAUta ePOIe-san auTO.
that these things were written of him, and thatthey had done these to him.
d. 12:17 THE WITNESS OF THE CROWD
E-marTUrei  oun ho OCHlos ho on met' auTOU HOte ton LAza-ron ePHOne-sen
The crowd therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus
ek tou mneMEIou, kai Egei-ren auTON ek neKRON.
out of the tomb, and raised him from thedead, witnessed.
e. 12:18 For this causealso the crowd met him, because they heard that he had done this :sign.
diA TOUto kai huPENte-sen auTOho OCHlos, HOti Ekou-san TOUto auTON pe-poi-eKEnai to seMEIon.
12:19a The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Behold that you prevail nothing.
hoi oun Pha-riSAIoi EIpan pros he-auTOUS, The-oREIte HOti ouk o-pheLEIte ouDEN.
12:19b See, the world is gone after him.
Ide, ho KOSmos oPIsoauTOU aPELthen .
G. 12:20-50 REJECTION AND DEATH OF JESUS PROPHESIED
1. 12:20-36a JESUS DECLARES NECESSITY OF HIS DEATH
a. 12:20-21 GREEKS SEEK JESUS
Esan de Hel-leNES ti-nes ek ton a-na-baiNONton HIna pros-kuNEso-sin 
Now certain Greeks were among those that went up to worship
en te he-orTE: HOUtoi oun proSELthan PhiLIPpo,
at the feast: 21these therefore came to Philip,
to aPO Beth-saiDA tes Ga-liLAIas, kai eROton auTON, LEgon-tes, KUri-e, THElo-men ton IeSOUN iDEIN.
who was of Bethsaida of :Galilee, and asked him, saying, Sir, we would see :Jesus.
b. 12:22 :Philip comes and tells :Andrew; Andrew comes, and Philip, and they tell :Jesus.
ERche-tai ho PHIlip-pos kai LEgei to AnDREa; ERche-tai AnDREas, kai PHIlip-pos, kai LEgou-sin to IeSOU.
c. 12:23 THIS TRIGGERS JESUS' ANNOUNCEMENT OF HIS SOON DEATH AND RESURRECTION
ho de IeSOUS a-poKRIne-tai auTOIS, LEgon,
And :Jesus answers them, saying,
E-LElu-then  he HOra , HIna do-xasTHE  ho huiOS tou anTHROpou.
The hour is come, that the Son of :man should be glorified.
d. 12:24 A WHEAT KERNEL JUSTIFIES DEATH
aMEN, aMEN, LEgo huMIN, eAN me ho KOKkos  tou SItou  peSON eis ten gen a-poTHAne,
Amen, Amen, I say unto you, Except the grain of the wheat fall into the earth anddie,
auTOS MOnos MEnei; eAN de a-poTHAne, poLUN karPON  PHErei .
it abides by itself alone; but if it die, it bears much fruit.
e. 12:25 APPLICATION TO A HUMAN SOUL
ho phiLON  ten psuCHEN auTOU a-polLUei  auTEN; kai ho miSON  ten psuCHEN auTOU
Who loves his :soul loses it; and who hates his :soul
en to KOSmo TOUto eis zo-EN aiOni-on phuLAxei  auTEN.
in this :world shall guard it unto life eternal.
f. 12:26 THE BENEFIT OF FOLLOWING CHRIST
eAN eMOI tis di-a-koNE , eMOI a-ko-louTHEIto ;
If any serve me, let him follow me;
kai HOpou eiMI eGO, eKEI kai ho diAko-nos  ho eMOS EStai:
and where I am, there shall also :my :servant be:
eAN tis eMOI di-a-koNE, tiMEsei  auTON ho paTER.
if any serve me, him will the Father honor.
g. 12:27a Now is my :soul troubled; and what shall I say?
nun hepsuCHEmou teTArak-tai ; kai ti EIpo?
h. 12:27b Father, save me from this :hour? PAter, SO-SON me ek tes HOras TAUtes?
i. 12:27c But for this causecame I unto this :hour. alLA diA TOUto ELthon eis ten HOran TAUten.
j. 12:28a Father, glorify your :name. PAter, DOxaSON sou to Ono-ma.
k. 12:28b A voice therefore came out of :heaven: I both have glorified, and will glorify itagain.
ELthen oun phoNEek tou ou-raNOU: Kai eDOxa-sa, kai PAlin doXAso.
l. 12:29 THE REACTION OF THE CROWD
ho oun OCHlos, ho heSTOS, kai aKOUsas,
The crowd therefore, that stood by, and heard it,
Ele-gen bronTEN  ge-goNEnai: ALloi Ele-gon, ANge-los  auTO leLAle-ken.
said that it was thunder: others said, An angel has spoken to him.
m. 12:30 Jesus answered and said, This :voice has not come for my sake, but for yours.
a-peKRIthekai EIpen IeSOUS, Ou di' eME hephoNEHAUteGEgo-nen, alLA di' huMAS.
n. 12:31 SATAN ABOUT TO BE JUDGED
nun KRIsis  esTIN tou KOSmou  TOUtou:
Now is a judgment of this :world:
nun ho ARchon  tou KOSmou TOUtou ek-bleTHEse-tai  [Exo].
now shall the prince of this :world be cast [out]outside.
o. 12:32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all unto myself.
ka' 'GO, an hu-psoTHOek tes ges, PANtas elKUsopros e-mauTON.
p. 12:33 But this he said, signifying by what manner of death he should die.
TOUto de Ele-gen, seMAInon POIothaNAtoEmel-len a-poTHNEskein.
q. 12:34a THE CROWD MYSTIFIED
a-peKRIthe oun auTO ho OCHlos,
The crowd therefore answered him,
HeMEIS eKOUsa-men ek tou NOmou HOti ho ChrisTOS MEnei eis ton aiOna:
WE have heard out of the law that the Christ abides for ever:
kai pos LEgeis SU, HOti dei hu-psoTHEnai  ton huiON tou anTHROpou?
and how do YOU say, that the Son of :man must be lifted up?
r. 12:34b Who is this :Son of :man?
TIS es-tin HOUtos ho huiOS tou anTHROpou?
s. 12:35a :Jesus therefore said to them, Yet a little time is the light among you.
EIpen oun auTOIS ho IeSOUS, Eti miKRON CHROnon to phos en huMIN esTIN.
t. 12:35b WALK IN LIGHT CONTRASTED WITH WALK IN DARKNESS
Pe-ri-paTEIte  hos to phos  Eche-te, HIna me skoTIa  huMAS ka-taLAbe :
Walk while you have the light, that darkness apprehend you not:
kai ho pe-ri-paTON en te skoTIa ouk OIden pou huPAgei.
and who walks in the darkness knows not where he goes.
u. 12:36a While you have the light, believe unto the light, that you may become sons of light.
hos to phos Eche-te, piSTEUe-te eis to phos, HIna huiOI phoTOS GEnes-the.
NOTE: And what brought the huge crowd out on Palm Sunday to welcome with shouts and praises the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem - thus fulfilling Scripture? It was the raising of Lazarus from the dead! Those who observed this seventh sign of Jesus as recorded in John's Gospel - were present. And - they had shared the news widely causing the crowd to swell in numbers. “For this causealso the crowd met him” 12:18a.
Again - note the Paragraph, Subdivision and Sentence structure of this portion of Scripture. It clearly draws out the above insights.
In 12:20-21 Philip is confronted by Greeks seeking Jesus. This is as significant as the Roman Cornelius being visited by an angel in Acts 10 and 11 - and commanded to find Peter, who would give words whereby heand his familywould find Christ. He invited his friendsas well! Just as the early church was moved in a new direction concerning Gentiles, and made significant changes in rules between Jews and Gentiles in Acts 15 - so Jesus here recognized that Greek Gentiles seeking Him - was God's signal that His death, Resurrection, Ascension and Pouring out of the Holy Spirit was at hand!
His words at this point to the Jewish crowd - prepared them for His soon return to His Father in Heaven - following His soon Redemptive Act on Calvary for allnations. The “One New Man” Mystery set forth by the Apostle Paul in the book of Ephesians, gives theological background for John chapter 12 and Acts 15.
Do these words of Jesus pose difficulty for us as they did to the Jews of His day? To pray and meditate over this section will release the Holy Spirit, our Teacher, to illumine our understanding. But even more - to serveJesus with one's whole heart, soul, mind and strength - will bring forth honorfrom the Father (12:26).
Great insight on the importance of honorcan be found in “Warfare by Honor” - the Restoration of Honor - a Protocol Handbook by Qaumaniq and Suuqiina, First Nations husband and wife team. See Indigenous Messengers Int'l, PO Box 1088, Victorville CA 92393, Tel: 615-424-7948. - J.A.W.