(From: ACTS #3 - 2:1-21)
II. 2:1-47 THE THEOLOGY OF PENTECOST
1. 2:1-4 THE PROMISE OF THE FATHER FULFILLED
a. 2:1 And when the day of :Pentecost was being fulfilled, all were together in the one place.
Kai en to sun-pleROUSthai ten heMEran tes pen-te-koSTES , Esan PANtes hoMOU ePI to auTO.
b. 2:2 ACCOMPANIMENTS OFTHE SPIRIT
kai eGEne-to APHno ek tou ou-raNOU Echos  HOSper phe-roMEnes  pnoES biAIas ,
And suddenly a sound came from :heaven as of a mighty wind rushing,
kai ePLEro-sen HOlon ton OIkon hou Esan kaTHEme-noi .
and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.
c. 2:3 FIRE OF THE SPIRIT
kai OPHthe-san auTOIS di-a-me-riZOme-nai GLOSsai hoSEI puROS ;
And tongues as if of fire being distributed appeared to them;
kai eKAthi-sen  eph' HEna HEka-ston auTON.
and it sat upon each of them.
d. 2:4 ALL FILLED WITH THE SPIRIT
kai ePLESthe-san PANtes PNEUma-tos HaGIou, kai ERxan-to laLEIN heTErais GLOSsais,
And all were filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues,
kaTHOS to PNEUma eDIdou a-pophTHEGges-thai auTOIS.
as the Spirit gave them utterance.
2. 2:5-13 MANIFESTATION OF THE SPIRIT: A SIGN TO UNBELIEVERS
a. 2:5 MANIFESTATION: ITS FIRST SETTING
Esan de en Ie-rou-saLEM ka-toiKOUNtes IouDAIoi, ANdres eu-laBEIS ,
Now in Jerusalem were dwelling Jews, devout men,
aPO panTOS ETHnous , ton aPO ton ou-raNON.
from every nation, those under :heaven.
b. 2:6 THE MULTITUDE COME TOGETHER
ge-noMEnes de tes phoNES TAUtes, suNELthe to PLEthos , kai su-neCHUthe,
And when this :voice was heard, the multitude came together, and were confounded,
HOti Ekou-sen heis HEka-stos teiDIa di-aLEKtolaLOUNton auTON.
because each heard them speaking in his own :language.
c. 2:7 MANIFESTATION: A CAUSE OF AMAZEMENT AND MARVELING
eXIstan-to  de kai eTHAUma-zon , LEgon-tes,
And they were amazed and marveled, saying,
OuCHI iDOU, PANtes HOU-TOI ei-sin hoi laLOUNtes Ga-liLAIoi?
Behold, are not all these that speak Galileans?
d. 2:8-11 MANIFESTATION: A SIGN TO ALL NATIONS
kai pos heMEIS aKOUo-men, HEka-stos te iDIa di-aLEKto heMON en hee-genNEthe-men ?
And how do we hear, each in our own :language in which we were born?
PARthoi kai MEdoi kai E-laMEItai, kai hoi ka-toiKOUNtes ten Me-so-po-taMIan,
9Parthians and Medes and Elamites, and the dwellers in :Mesopotamia,
IouDAIan te kai Kap-pa-doKIan, PONton kai ten A-SIan, PhruGIan te kai Pam-phuLIan,
and Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and :Asia, 10and Phrygia and Pamphylia,
AIgup-ton kai ta MEretes LiBUes tes kaTA KuREnen,
Egypt and the parts of :Libya :about Cyrene,
kai hoi e-pi-deMOUNtes 'RoMAIoi, IouDAI-OI te kai proSElu-toi , KREtes kai Ara-bes,
and :Roman sojourners, both Jews and proselytes, 11Cretans and Arabians,
aKOUo-men laLOUNton auTON tais he-meTErais GLOSsais ta me-gaLEIa tou TheOU.
we hear them speak in our :tongues the mighty worksof :God.
e. 2:12 And all were amazed, and perplexed, saying one to another, What does this mean?
eXIstan-to  de PANtes, kai di-e-poROUNto , ALlos pros ALlon LEgon-tes, Ti THElei TOUto EInai?
f. 2:13 But others mocking said [that] They are filled with new wine.
HEte-roi de di-ach-leuAzon-tes  Ele-gon [HOti] GLEUkous  me-me-stoMEnoi eiSIN.
3. 2:14-21 GOD VINDICATES HIS PROPHETIC WORD
a. 2:14 PETER'S ADDRESS
StaTHEIS, de ho PEtros, sun tois ENde-ka, ePEren ten phoNEN auTOU, kai a-pephTHEGxa-to auTOIS,
But :Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his :voice, and spoke forth to them,
ANdres IouDAIoi, kai hoi ka-toiKOUNtes Ie-rou-saLEM PANtes,
Youmen of Judea, and all that dwell at Jerusalem,
TOUto huMIN gnoSTON ESto, kai e-noTIsas-the ta 'REmaTA mou.
be this known to you, and give ear to my :words.
b. 2:15-18 QUOTATION FROM JOEL
ou gar hos huMEIS hu-po-lamBAne-te, HOUtoi meTHUou-sin ; EStin gar HOra TRIte tes heMEras;
For these are not drunken, as YOU suppose; for it is thethird hour of the day;
alLA TOU-TO es-tin to ei-reMEnon diA tou proPHEtou Io-EL:
16 but this is what has been spoken through the prophet Joel:
Kai EStai en tais esCHAtais  heMErais, LEgei ho TheOS,
17And it shall be in the last days, says :God,
ek-cheOaPO tou PNEUmaTOS mou ePI PAsan SARka :
I will pour forth of my :Spirit upon all flesh:
kai pro-pheTEUsou-sin hoi huiOI huMON kai hai thu-gaTEres huMON,
And your :sons and your :daughters shall prophesy,
kai hoi ne-aNIskoi  huMON hoRAseis Opson-tai ,
And your young :men shall see visions,
kai hoi presBUte-roi  huMON e-nupNIois e-nup-ni-asTHEson-tai :
and your :elders shall dream dreams:
kai ge ePI tous DOUlous  mou kai ePI tas DOUlas  mou en tais heMErais eKEInais
18Yes and on my :bondmen and on my :bondmaids in those :days
ek-cheOaPO tou PNEUmaTOS mou; kai pro-pheTEUsou-sin .
Will I pour forth of my :Spirit; and they shall prophesy.
c. 2:19-21 SALVATION RIGHT UP TO TRIBULATION
kai DOsoTEra-ta en to ou-raNOAno, kai seMEIa ePI tes ges KAto;
And I will show wonders in :heaven above, And signs on :earth beneath;
HAIma , kai pur , kai atMIda  kapNOU :
Blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke:
ho HEli-os me-ta-straPHEse-tai eis SKOtos , kai he seLEneeis HAIma ,
20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, And the moon into blood,
prin elTHEIN heMEran KuRIou ten meGAlen kai e-pi-phaNE:
before the great and notable day of the Lord come:
kai EStai, pas hos eAN e-pi-kaLEse-tai to Ono-ma KuRIou soTHEse-tai .
21And itshall be, thatwhoever shall call on the name of theLord shall be saved.
NOTE: The word “Theology” comes from two Greek words signifying “a wordabout God”.”The Theology of Pentecost” is a phrase coined by Pastor Ern Baxter signifying, “God's Word concerning the Feast of Pentecost, and the Promise of the Father fulfilled by the coming of the Holy Spirit to replace Jesus on earth, according to His promise to His disciples in John 13-17.” Pastor Baxter had a personal library of some 17,000 volumes, but his “working library” consisted of some 1500 volumes, which he had mastered. When I stayed with him on occasion, he and Ruth set me up to sleep in his library. He usually cautioned me, “Be sure to show respect to these volumes, and you may look into a volume or two that interest you.”
The Greek Word Studies I developed primarily from the Bible Numeric phenomenon discovered by Ivan Panin, I made available to him. With the help of an assistant, we produced some 4000 MS pages of the major NT Greek words, which he carted around the world on his travels. He often asked, “Do you happen to have a Greek Word Study on “righteousness” (di-kai-oSUne), which being interpreted meant, “Could you have it ready for me yesterday?”
I served as Mr. Baxter's associate for 3 years in Surrey, British Columbia, and to the time of his home-going in 1993 from the time we developed a close friendship in 1948 through the North Battleford Visitation, we maintained this relationship.
“The Theology of Pentecost” was one of Pastor Baxter's chief interests, and in this and other of his interests, I profited much. He developed a diagram on God's covenant- our relationship to Him as individuals through this; and subsequently our relationship with one another. He put God at the apex of a triangle, and illustrated how He offers His covenant (di-aTHEke) to us as individuals. We can accept or reject His offer, but we cannotmodify it. Once we accept, we can advance to a thousand-fold fruitfulness through Him. But when we link horizontallywith a fellow believer (SUNthe-ke), Prayer Multiplicationkicks in, and we become 10,000-fold (Deuteronomy 32:30). Through Zechariah 12:8 we can further advance to a million-fold each, and 4 couples can reach a billion-fold effectiveness. Thisis when with six other component parts, “Spiritual Star Wars” through an “organic automated Laser-Telescope” kicks in!
So - of the 7 component parts of this revelation, Pastor Baxter contributed to the understanding of the 3rdcomponent part.
2:1-4 - In the understanding of “The Theology of Pentecost”, the Promise of the Father mentioned in Acts 1:4 - herefinds fulfillment.
2:5-13 - reveals how God uses “Signs Following” (Mark 16:17-20) to alert the attention of unbelievers, and many times ushers them into the Kingdom of God.
2:14-21. Here Peter weaves a prophetic picture of how the Feast of Pentecost has a distinct relationship with the events right up to the last days preceding the Return of our Lord Jesus.
Oswald Chambers was a great believer in maintaining a constant daily, hourly and even momentarily focus on Jesus, through whom the Holy Spirit comes. For Heis the baptizerin the Holy Spirit. Not only are we filled with the Spirit through this baptism, but, like a bottle in a sink of water - we are immersedin the Spirit. Dr. J. Edwin Orr made much of this analogy. He also talked of the 3 baptizers and the 3 elements. When we are “saved”, the Holy Spirit baptizes us into the body of Christ. Then the preacher baptizes us into water, a symbol of this. Finally, Jesus baptizes us into the Holy Spirit. No finer book than “Rees Howells, Intercessor” by Norman P. Grubb in chapter 5 and 31, simplifies and clarifies this - the true “Theology of Pentecost”. J.A.W.