(From: 1 TIMOTHY #4 - 5:1-6:3a)
F. 5:1-6:2a STANDARDS FOR VARIOUS CHURCH CLASSES
1. 5:1-16 STANDARD FOR WIDOWS
a. 5:1-2 ON REBUKING
Pres-buTErome e-pi-PLExes , alLA pa-raKAlei hos paTEra; ne-oTErous hos a-delPHOUS:
Rebuke not an elder, but exhort as a father; the younger as brethren:
pres-buTEras  hos meTEras; ne-oTEras hos a-delPHAS, en PAse hagNIa .
2the elder as mothers; the younger as sisters, in all purity.
b. 5:3 Honor widows that are widows indeed.
CHEras [5503TIma tas ONtos CHEras.
c. 5:4 HELP FOR WIDOWS
ei DE tis CHEra TEKna e EKgo-na Echei,
But if any widow has children or grandchildren,
man-thaNEto-san PROton ton Idi-on OIkon eu-seBEIN ,
let them learn first to show piety towards theirown house,
kai a-moiBAS  a-po-diDOnai  tois proGOnois: TOUto GAR es-tin aPOdek-ton eNOpi-on tou TheOU.
and to requite theirparents: for this is acceptable before :God.
d. 5:5 STANDARD FOR WIDOWS
hede ONtos CHEra kai me-mo-noMEne, ELpi-ken ePI ton TheON,
Now she that is a widow indeed and lone, has herhope set on :God,
kai prosMEnei  tais deEse-sin kai tais pro-seuCHAIS nukTOS kai heMEras.
and continues in :supplications and :prayers night and day.
e. 5:6 But who lives in self-indulgence is dead while she lives.
hede spa-taLOsa ZOsa TETHne-ken .
f. 5:7 These thingsalso command, that they be without reproach.
kai TAUta paRAGgel-le , HIna a-nePIlemp-toi Osin.
g. 5:8 NEGLECT OF WIDOWS
ei DE tis ton iDIon, kai MAlis-ta oiKEIon ou pro-noEI ,
But if any provides not for his:own, and specially his household,
ten PIstin ERne-tai , kai EStin aPIstou CHEIron .
he has denied the faith, and is worse than an unbeliever.
h. 5:9-10 CONDITIONS FOR SUPPORT OF WIDOWS
CHEra ka-ta-leGESthome Elat-ton eTON heXEkon-ta ge-goNUIa ,
Let none be enrolled as a widow under threescore years old,
HEnos anDROS guNE, en ERgois kaLOIS mar-tu-rouMEne;
wife of one man, 10well reported of for good works;
ei e-tek-noTROphe-sen , ei e-xe-noDOche-sen ,
if she has brought up children, if she was hospitable to strangers,
ei haGIon POdas Eni-psen , ei thli-boMEnois ePERke-sen ,
if she has washed saints' feet, if she has relieved the afflicted,
ei panTI ERgoa-gaTHOe-pe-koLOUthe-sen .
if she has diligently followed every good work.
i. 5:11-12 YOUNGER WIDOWS
ne-oTEras de CHEras pa-raiTOU :
But younger widows refuse:
HOtan gar ka-ta-stre-niAso-sin ton ChrisTOU, gaMEIN THElou-sin ;
for when they have waxed careless against the Christ, they desire to marry;
Echou-sai KRIma , HOti ten PROten PIstin eTHEte-san .
12having condemnation, because they have rejected their first faith.
j. 5:13 THE TEMPTATIONS OF YOUNGER WIDOWS
HAma de kai arGAI  manTHAnou-sin , pe-ri-erCHOme-nai  tas oiKIas,
And above all they learn also to beidle, going about houses,
ou MOnon de arGAI, alLA kai PHLUa-roi  kai peRIer-goi , laLOUsai to me DEon-ta .
and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking the thingsthey ought not.
k. 5:14-15 THE MARRIAGE CALLING OF YOUNG WIDOWS
BOUlo-mai  oun ne-oTEras gaMEIN , tek-no-goNEIN , oi-ko-de-spoTEIN ,
I desire therefore theyounger to marry, bear children, rule a household,
me-deMIan a-phorMEN diDOnai toan-ti-keiMEno loi-doRIas CHArin:
give no occasion to the adversary for reviling:
EdeGAR ti-nes e-xeTRApe-san oPIso tou Sa-taNA .
15for already some are turned aside after :Satan.
l. 5:16 THE CONCLUSION OF THE MATTER
EI tis piSTEEchei CHEras, e-parKEIto auTAIS,
If any believer has widows, let her relieve them,
kai mebaREIStho he ek-kleSIa; HIna tais ONtos CHErais e-parKEse.
and let not the church be burdened; that it may relieve the real widows.
2. 5:17-25 STANDARD FOR ELDERS
a. 5:17 SUPPORT OF ELDERS
Hoi kaLOS pro-eSTOtes presBUte-roi  diPLES tiMES a-xiOUStho-san ,
Let the elders ruling well be counted worthy of double honor,
MAlis-ta hoi ko-piONtes en LOgo kai di-da-skaLIa[1319).
specially those who toil in theword and teaching.
b. 5:18a For the scripture says, You shall not muzzle the ox when treading out corn.
LEgei gar hegraPHE, Boun a-loONta ou phiMOseis .
c. 5:18b And, the laborer isworthy of his :hire.
kai, Axi-os ho erGAtes tou misTHOU auTOU.
d. 5:19 Against an elder receive no accusation, except from two or three witnesses.
kaTA pres-buTErou ka-te-goRIan me pa-raDEchou , ekTOS ei me ePI DUo e triON marTUron.
e. 5:20 But the sinning reprove before all, that the rest also be in fear.
tous de ha-marTAnon-tas  eNOpi-on PANton Eleg-che , HIna kai hoi loiPOI PHObon Echo-sin.
f. 5:21 SOLEMN CHARGE: NO RESPECT OF PERSONS IN JUSGMENT
di-a-marTUro-mai  eNOpi-on tou TheOU, kai ChrisTOU IeSOU, kai ton e-klekTON agGElon,
I charge before :God, and Christ Jesus, and the elect angels,
HIna TAUta phuLAxes choRIS proKRIma-tos , meDEN poiON kaTA PROSkli-sin .
that you observe these thingswithout prejudice, doing nothing by partiality.
g. 5:22 CAUTION IN ORDINATION OF ELDERS
CHEIras  taCHEos me-deNI e-piTIthei ,
Lay hands hastily on no one,
meDE koiNOnei ha-marTIais al-loTRIais: se-auTON hagNON TErei .
neither be partaker of others' sins: keep yourself pure.
h. 5:23 USE OF WINE
meKEti hu-droPOtei , alLA OIno oLIgochro 
No longer drink water, but use a little wine
diA ton STOma-chon  kai tas pukNAS  sou as-theNEIas .
for your :stomach's sake and your oft :infirmities.
i. 5:24 SINS: MAY BE JUDGED NOW OR LATER
TiNON anTHROpon hai ha-marTIai PROdeLOI ei-sin, proAgou-sai eis KRIsin ;
The sins of some men are evident, going before unto judgment;
tiSIN de kai e-pa-ko-louTHOUsin .
and some also they follow after.
j. 5:25 Likewise also the good :works are evident; and suchas are otherwise cannot be hid.
hoSAUtos kai ta ERga ta kaLA PROde-la ; kai ta ALlos Echon-ta kruBEnai ou DUnan-tai.
3. 6:1-2a STANDARD FOR SERVANTS
a. 6:1 IMPORTANCE OF RIGHT ATTITUDE OF SERVANTS TO MASTERS
HOsoi eiSIN huPO zuGON  DOUloi
Let as many as are bondmen under theyoke
tous iDIous desPOtas  PAses tiMES aXIous heGEIStho-san ,
count their own masters worthy of all honor,
HIna meto Ono-ma tou TheOU kai hedi-da-skaLIa blas-pheMEtai .
that the name of :God and the teaching be not blasphemed.
b. 6:2a ATTITUDE OF SERVANTS TO BELIEVING MASTERS
hoi de piSTOUS Echon-tas deSPOtas, meka-ta-phroNEIto-san ,
And who have believing masters, let them not despise them,
HOti a-delPHOI ei-sin; alLA MALlon dou-leuEto-san  ,
because they are brethren; but let them serve rather,
HOti piSTOI ei-sin kai a-ga-peTOI hoi tes eu-er-geSIas an-ti-lam-baNOme-noi .
because they that partake of the benefit are believing and beloved.
NOTE: 5:1-16 - The church of Paul's day did support widows indeed, but only for those who did not have children or grandchildren to look after them, and who met the other qualifications mentioned here. See the heavyword of 5:8. Imagine that the Holy Spirit through Paul gave this amount of space to this subject! It shows God's heart to this need! And conversely, that those notqualified should not get church help through false pretenses.
5:17-25 - A Word on Elders! Double honor in 5:17 refers to remuneration. Notice that this “teaching gift” of an elder deserves special recognition.
See also 5:19 - All too often this word has been transgressed against. A man in Timothy's position as the apostolic pastor over the entire City Church of Ephesus, is responsible for the well-being of each elder, who is in turn the leader for his respective church in the home. Should members in that home church be dissatisfied with this leader, Timothy is to receive a report against him onlyin the mouth of 2-3 witnesses, never just one. God gives elders special protection in the area of their position. However, should the accusation of the 2 or 3 prove accurate, then Timothy is responsible to reprove the sinning elder before all the elders of Ephesus, that the restbe in fear. How such scriptural action would lend itself to purityin the church today - if this action should be restored! Notice 5:21 - Very seldomdoes the apostle Paul resort to such a serious charge. But the few times he isled to do so, should capture our attention, and lead us to similar action. How we need an Eldership in the Gate of each City church to encourage the Apostolic Pastor of that City to do what is right!
5:22 requires us to pay serious attention. If a denomination or fellowship ordains an elder today without proper examination and care, then, God holds them tooresponsible for the sins of that sinning elder. When we return to the City Church government that Paul set forth for the 14 city churches he founded, we will scarcely recognize the changes that will first have to come to pass.
And what about 5:22-24? We are all no doubt well aware that 5:23 is known by every imbiber in every tavern. This will be a difficult verse for “total temperance” promoters. Would Paul have signed such pledges? I think not. In OT temple worship, wine was a part of the services. “Moderation” or “temperance” is always the NT word one runs across. Total abstinence is not there. In Israel at Passover, 4 cups of wine are annually observed. Even children partook, though watered down to ¼ content. Among “observant” Jews, children seldom go beyond moderation or temperance. It is often where the total abstinence is enforced, that children when they leave their home moorings move into excess.
6:1-2a - Lastly in this section, the Spirit by Paul has a word for servants. Labor and Management both could profit from the wise counsel given to this subject at this point. Servants were to have a rightattitude to their masters, especially “believing” masters. The book of Philemon is a fuller commentary on this subject. - J.A.W.