(From: 1 CORINTHIANS #11 - 10:1-13)
C. 10:1-13 ISRAEL'S FAILURES: WARNING TO CHURCH
1. 10:1-5 CHURCH: UNDERSTAND ISRAEL'S WILDERNESS WANDERINGS
a. 10:1-4 BAPTISM, CIRCUMCISION, HOLY SPIRIT & NAME: ALL TYPIFIED HERE
Ou THElogar huMAS ag-noEIN , a-delPHOI,
For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant,
HOti hoi paTEras heMON PANtes huPO ten nePHElen Esan, kai PANtes diA tes thaLASses diELthon;
that our :fathers were all under the cloud,and all passed through the sea;
kai PANtes eis ton Mo-uSEN e-bapTIsan-to en tenePHElekai en tethaLASse;
2and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
kai PANtes to auTO pneu-ma-tiKON BROma Epha-gon;
3and did all eat the same spiritual meat;
kai PANtes to auTO pneu-ma-tiKON Epi-on POma :
4and did all drink the same spiritual drink:
Epi-non gar ek pneu-ma-tiKES a-ko-louTHOUses PEtras : hePEtra de en ho ChrisTOS.
for they drank of a spiritual rock that followed them: now the rock was the Christ.
b. 10:5 SPIRITUAL BLESSINGS WILL NOT SPARE US FROM JUDGMENT
all' ouk en tois PLEIo-sin  auTON euDOkesen ho TheOS:
But with the greater partof them :God was not well pleased:
ka-tesTROthe-san gar en teeREmo.
for they were overthrown in the wilderness.
2. 10:6-11 ISRAEL'S EXPERIENCES: “TYPICAL” WARNINGS TO CHURCH
a. 10:6 40 YEARS WANDERING: A TYPE AGAINST LUST
TAUta de TUpoi heMON e-geNEthe-san,
Now these thingswere our examples,
eis to meEInai heMAS e-pi-thu-meTAS kaKON , kaTHOS ka' 'KEInoi e-peTHUme-san .
to the intent we should not lust after evils, as they also lusted.
b. 10:7 A TYPE AGAINST IDOLATRY AND LUST
meDE ei-do-loLAtrai GInes-the kaTHOS ti-nes auTON; HOSper GEgrap-tai,
Neither be idolaters as some of them; as it is written,
E-KAthi-sen ho laOS PHAgein kai pein, kai aNEStesan PAIzein .
The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose to play.
c. 10:8 A TYPE AGAINST FORNICATION
meDE porNEUomen , kaTHOS ti-nes auTON ePORneu-san,
Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed,
kai Epe-sen miA heMEra EIko-si treis chi-liAdes.
and fell in one day twenty-three thousand.
d. 10:9 A TYPE AGAINST TEMPTING GOD
meDE ek-peiRAzo-men ton KUri-on,
Neither let us make severe trial of the Lord,
kaTHOS ti-nes auTON ePEIra-san , kai huPO ton Ophe-on aPOLlun-to .
as some of them made trial, and perished by the serpents.
e. 10:10 Neither murmur, as some of them murmured, and perished by the destroyer.
meDE gogGUze-te, kaTHAper tiNES auTON eGOGgu-san, kai aPOlon-to huPO tou o-lo-threuTOU .
f. 10:11 ISRAEL'S JUDGMENT: A TYPE TO WARN SPIRITUAL ISRAEL
TAUta de tu-piKOS suNEbai-non eKEInois; eGRAphede pros nou-theSIan heMON,
Now these happened to them as a figure; and were written for our admonition,
eis hous ta TEleton aiOnon kaTENte-ken .
upon whom the ends of the ages are come.
3. 10:12-13 WARNINGS HEEDED: SPARE MANY A PITFALL.
a. 10:12 Wherefore let him that thinks he stands look lest he fall.
HOste ho doKON hesTAnai blePEtomePEse.
b. 10:13 THE WILLING: ARE DELIVERED FROM EVERY TRIAL
pei-rasMOS huMAS ouk EIle-phen ei meanTHROpi-nos: pisTOS de ho TheOS,
Only human temptation has overtaken you: but :God is faithful,
hos ouk eAsei huMAS pei-rasTHEnai huPER ho DUnas-the;
who will not suffer you to be tempted above that you are able;
alLA poiEsei sun topei-rasMOkai ten EKba-sin , tou DUnas-thai hu-pe-negKEIN .
but will with the temptation make also the way out, that you be able to endure it.
NOTE: It is important to note that the entire Old Testament and Covenant, is intended by God as types, shadows, and examplesfor the church. The moral and ethical aspects of the Torah (law), of course carry over into the New Testament or Covenant. Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7) points out that what Moses gave in the 10 commandments for outward obedience - now - by the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit in believers, is to be lived out through us from the heart. Few people make this clearer in their writings than Oswald Chambers. Yet, it is so easy to read his “My Utmost for His Highest,” and not perceive what he sees in Galatians 2:20 (2:15-21) - “I have been crucified with Christ; and no longer I live, but Christ lives in me: and what I now live in theflesh I live by faith which is in the Son of :God, who loved me, and gave himself up for me.”
But the outward laws of the Old Testament for Israel such as circumcision, etc., - do notapply for us today - all such leads to legalism. As Paul points out, the OT law is a Schoolmaster to show Israel and us, that apart from Christ, nonecan keep OT Law! Only the law of the Spirit in Christ Jesus living through us can please the Father.
The Scribes and Pharisees rejected Jesus' teaching on this, and after 3 years of His ministry, crucifiedHim through Rome.
But what Israel did in the wilderness for 40 years: rebelling, disobeying and murmuring against God and His servant Moses - must not once be named amongst us as saints! The righteousness of the Law of Moses was in the letter or the flesh: - the righteousness God demands of NT saints, is of the heart- of the Spirit! It is Christliving out His life through us by the power of the indwelling Spirit, that pleases the heart of God!
Finally, consider 1 Corinthians 10:13 above. In the “Topical Memory System” of the Navigators, this was one of the 108 selected verses. What a wonderful promise of grace! Again, let us return to Galatians 2:20. It lines up with Romans 12:1-2 and Mark 8:34. Here are secrets in the Spirit - that set saints walking in the Spirit apart from all unbelievers, and also all carnal believers who are yet babes walking in the flesh. This is a normal walk for babes and little children. But let us go on and grow into “young men” in Christ: - who are strong; the Word of God abidesin us; and we have overcomethe evil one! 1 John 2:14 (2:12-17).
In the light of these words, then God's words through Paul in the above 13 verses take on a characteristic all their own! The Kingdom of God in us - righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit - make it all possible! All praise to our God, and our Risen Savior and enthroned Lord, Jesus Christ! - J.A.W.