1 Corinthians 8:1-13
jmbetter at gmail.com
Sat May 30 21:00:02 PDT 2009
“*TWO ARE BETTER THAN ONE” MINISTRIES*
*Jim & Marie Watt*
*Tel: 253-517-9195 - Email: jmbetter at gmail.com*
*1 Corinthians 8:1-13*
*III. 8:1-11:34 A TREATISE ON APOSTOLIC AUTHORITY*
*A. 8:1-13 LAW CONCERNING IDOL MEAT*
*a. 8:1a KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING IDOL OFFERINGS*
PeRI de t*o*n ei-d*o*-loTHUt*o*n :
*Now concerning the things sacrificed to idols:*
OIda-men  HOti PANtes GN*O*sin  Echo-men.
*We know that we all have knowledge.*
*b. 8:1b A CONTRAST BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE AND LOVE*
h*e* GN*O*sis phu-siOI , h*e* de aGAp*e* oi-ko-doMEI .
*:Knowledge puffs up, but :love builds up.*
*c. 8:2-3 KNOWLEDGE APART FROM LOVE - IS ALSO APART FROM GOD*
ei tis doKEI  eg-n*o*KEnai ti ,
*If any thinks he knows anything,*
OUp*o* EGn*o* kaTH*O*S dei GN*O*nai ;
*he knows not yet as he ought to know;*
ei de tis a-gaPA ton TheON, HOUtos EGn*o*s-tai hup' auTOU.
*3 but if any loves :God, the same is known by him.*
*d. 8:4 A TRUE RECOGNITION OF THE NATURE OF IDOLS*
PeRI t*e*s BR*O*se-*o*s  oun t*o*n ei-d*o*-loTHUt*o*n ,
*Concerning therefore the eating of things sacrificed to idols,*
OIda-men HOti ouDEN EId*o*-lon  en KOSm*o* ,
*we know that no idol is anything in the world,*
kai HOti ouDEIS TheOS ei m*e* heis.
*and that there is no God but one.*
*e. 8:5-6 CONTRAST BETWEEN TRUE GOD AND SO-CALLED GODS*
kai gar EIper ei-sin leGOme-noi TheOI, EIte en ou-raN*O* EIte ePI g*e*s;
*For though there be so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth;*
H*O*Sper eiSIN TheOI polLOI, kai KUri-oi  polLOI;
*just as gods are many, and lords many;*
all' huMIN heis TheOS, ho paT*E*R ,
*6 yet to us there is one God, the Father,*
ex hou ta PANta, kai huMEIS eis auTON;
*of whom are :all things, and we unto him;*
kai heis KUri-os, 'I*e*SOUS ChrisTOS,
*and one Lord, Jesus Christ,*
di' hou ta PANta, kai h*e*MEIS di' auTOU.
*through whom are all the things, and we through him.*
*f. 8:7 INADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE DEFILES THE CONSCIENCE*
All' ouk en PAsin h*e* GN*O*sis:
*But not in all is the knowledge:*
tiNES de, t*e* su-n*e*THEIa  HE*o*s ARti tou eiD*O*lon,
*but some, :being used until now to the idol,*
h*o*s ei-d*o*LOthu-ton ESthi-ou-sin ;
*eat as of a thing sacrificed to idols;*
kai h*e* suNEId*e*-sis auT*O*N as-theN*E*S  OUsa moLUne-tai .
*and their :conscience heing weak is defiled.*
*g. 8:8 A CLEAR PRINCIPLE*
BR*O*ma  de h*e*MAS ou pa-ra-ST*E*sei  t*o* The*O*:
*But meat will not present us to :God:*
OUte, eAN m*e* PHAg*o*-men , hus-teROUme-tha ;
*neither, if we eat not, do we lack;*
OUte, eAN PHAg*o*-men, pe-ris-seuOmen .
*nor, if we eat, do we abound.*
*h. 8:9 YET - BALANCE IT WITH LOVE*
BLEpe-te  de m*e* p*o*s h*e* e-xouSIa  huM*O*N HAUt*e*
*But look you lest by any means this :power of yours*
PROSkom-ma  GEn*e*tai tois as-theNEsin .
*become a stumbling-block to the weak.*
*i. 8:10 CONSCIENCE WITHOUT KNOWLEDGE*
eAN gar tis Id*e* se ton Echon-ta GN*O*sin en ei-d*o*LI*o* 
*For if one sees you who has knowledge sitting at meat*
ka-taKEIme-non , ouCHI h*e* suNEId*e*-sis  auTOU, as-theNOUS
*in an idol's temple, will not his :conscience, if he is weak,*
oi-ko-do-m*e*TH*E*se-tai  eis to ta ei-d*o*LOthu-ta  esTHIein?
*be emboldened to eat things sacrificed to idols?*
*j. 8:11 THE DANGER OF UNBALANCED KNOWLEDGE*
aPOLlu-tai  gar ho as-theN*O*N  en t*e* GN*O*sei,
*For by your :knowledge the weak perishes,*
ho a-delPHOS di' hon ChrisTOS aPEtha-nen .
*the brother for whom Christ died.*
*k. 8:12 THIS CAN CAUSE SINNING AGAINST CHRIST*
HOUt*o*s de, ha-marTAnon-tes  eis tous a-delPHOUS,
*And thus, sinning against the brethren,*
kai TUPton-tes  auT*O*N t*e*n suNEId*e*-sin as-theNOUsan,
*and smiting their :conscience when weak,*
eis ChrisTON ha-marTAne-te .
*you sin against Christ.*
*l. 8:13 PAUL'S PERSONAL SOLUTION*
diOper, ei BR*O*ma skan-daLIzei  ton a-delPHON mou,
*Wherefore, if meat stumbles my :brother,*
ou m*e* PHAg*o* KREa  eis ton ai*O*na,
*I will eat no flesh unto the age,*
HIna m*e* ton a-delPHON mou skan-daLIs*o*.
*that I cause not my :brother to stumble.*
*NOTE:* We can apply this same principle to the drinking of wine. The
Salvation Army withdrew communion from their worship in the beginning,
because of the number of believers who had been converted out of alcoholism.
This we can understand, because it is the spirit of the Holy Spirit in Paul
in this passage.
In Israel wine is served at the Passover supper and is greatly diluted for
children, - but is used. Many believe alcoholism is at a minimum there
because this seems to inoculate children from this later life bondage. In
France most Protestant churches use wine in their communion service. In
Messianic Jewish congregations a choice is offered of both wine and grape
Each should receive one another in their respective choices without being
judgmental. Yet when occasion arises such as faced the Salvation Army of
England, then Paul's advice with meat in 8:13 should apply.
It is possible to become so legal in these decisions that we lose the
freedom of the Gospel. And then on the other hand we can become so
overbearing in our freedom that we stumble the weak! *The love of God shed
abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit (Romans 5:5) *will *always* lead us
Look again at 8:1b - *“:Knowledge puffs up, but :love builds up.” *O that
we all would deeply meditate upon this truth, so that we could walk in it!
How many problems would be solved! How then unbelievers on the outside of
the church would look at us and exclaim, *See how they **love** one another!
In the book of Romans Paul deals with this matter more fully. - J. A. W.
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