(From: ROMANS #7 - 5:1-21)
a. 5:1-2 FAITH OPENS DOORS - WHEN WE SEE RIGHTEOUSNESS
Di-kai-oTHENtes  oun ek PIste-os,
Justified therefore out of faith,
eiREnen Echo-men pros ton TheON diA tou KuRIou heMON IeSOU ChrisTOU;
let us have peace with :God through our :Lord Jesus Christ;
di' HOU kai ten pro-sa-goGEN esCHEka-men PIstei
2through whom also we have had the access by :faith
eis ten CHArin TAUten en hehesTEka-men ;
into this :grace wherein we stand;
kai kauCHOme-tha ep' elPIdi tes DOxes tou TheOU.
and let us rejoice in hope of the glory of :God.
b. 5:3-6 FURTHER BLESSINGS THAT FLOW FROM THE SPIRIT OF RIGHTEOUSNESS
ou MOnon de, alLA kai kauCHOme-tha en tais THLIpse-sin :
And not only so, but let us also rejoice in :tribulations:
eiDOtes HOti heTHLIpsis hu-po-moNEN ka-terGAze-tai ;
knowing that :tribulation works patience;
hede hu-po-moNE, do-kiMEN ; hede do-kiME, elPIda :
4 and patience, approvedness; and approvedness, hope:
hede elPIS ou ka-taisCHUnei ; HOti heaGApetou TheOU ekKEchu-tai 
5 and :hope puts not to shame; because the love of :God has been shed abroad
en tais karDIais heMON diA PNEUma-tos HaGIou tou doTHENtos heMIN:
in our :hearts through the Holy Spirit :given us:
ei ge, ChrisTOS, ONton heMON as-theNON , Eti kaTA kaiRON huPER a-seBON aPEtha-nen .
6Seeing that, we being yet weak, in dueseason Christ died for usungodly.
c. 5:7 MAN'S STANDARD: WILL SACRTIFICE FOR THE GOOD
MOlis gar huPER diKAIou tis a-po-thaNEItai:
For scarcely for a righteous manwill one die:
huPER gar tou a-gaTHOU TAcha tis kai tolMA  a-po-thaNEIN.
for perhaps for the good man some one would even dare to die.
d. 5:8 GOD'S STANDARD: WILL REDEEM THE VILE
suNIStesin  de ten he-auTOU aGApen eis heMAS ho TheOS, HOti,
But :God commends his own :love toward us, in that,
Eti ha-mar-toLON  ONton heMON, CHRIStos huPER heMON aPEtha-nen.
while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
e. 5:9 JUSTIFICATION BY BLOOD: THE GROUND FOR SALVATION FROM JUDGMENT
polLO oun MALlon, di-kai-oTHENtes  nun en to HAIma-ti  auTOU,
Much rather therefore, justified now by his :blood,
so-theSOme-tha  di' auTOU aPO tes orGES .
shall we be saved from the wrath through him.
f. 5:10-11 JOYFUL SALVTION FLOWS FROM LEGAL RECONCILIATION
ei gar, echTHROI  ONtes, ka-telLAge-men  to TheO diA tou thaNAtou tou huiOU auTOU,
For if, being enemies, we were reconciled to :God through the death of his :Son,
polLO MALlon, ka-tal-laGENtes, so-theSOme-tha en te zo-E  auTOU; ou MOnon de,
much rather, reconciled, shall we be saved by his :life; 11and not only so,
alLA kai kauCHOme-noi  en toTheOdiA tou KuRIou heMON IeSOU ChrisTOU,
but also rejoicing in :God through our :Lord Jesus Christ,
di' HOU nun ten ka-tal-laGEN  eLAbo-men.
through whom we have now received the reconciliation.
B. 5:12-21 HOW VITAL RIGHTEOUSNESS OVERTURNS SIN, DEATH & CONDEMNATION
a. 5:12-13 DEATH THROUGH SIN CAME THROUGH ONE MAN
DiA TOUto, HOSper di' heNOS anTHROpou he ha-marTIa eis ton KOSmon eiSELthen,
Therefore, as through one man :sin entered into the world,
kai diA tes ha-marTIas ho THAna-tos;
and :death through :sin;
kai HOUtos eis PANtas anTHROpous ho THAna-tos diELthen , eph' ho PANtes HEmar-ton:
and so :death passed unto all men, for that all sinned:
Achri gar NOmou ha-marTIa en en KOSmo; ha-marTIa de ouk el-loGAtai  me ONtas NOmou .
13for until thelaw sin was in the world; but sin is not put to account when there is no law.
b. 5:14 DEATH REIGNED FROM ADAM TO MOSES APART FROM LAW
alLA e-baSIleu-sen  ho THAna-tos aPO A-DAM MEchri Mo-uSEos, kai ePI tous me ha-marTEsan-tas
But :death reigned from Adam till Moses, even over them that had not sinned
ePI to ho-moiOma-ti  tes pa-raBAse-os  A-DAM, hos es-tin TUpos  tou MELlon-tos.
after the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a figure of the one to come.
c. 5:15a But not as the trespass, thus also the free gift.
All' ouch hos to paRAPto-ma , HOUtos kai to CHAris-ma .
d. 5:15b GRACE BY JESUS OVERTURNS DEATH THROUGH ADAM
ei gar to tou heNOS pa-rapTOma-ti hoi polLOI aPEtha-non, polLO MALlon he CHAris tou TheOU,
For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much rather did the grace of :God,
kai he do-reA en CHAri-ti te tou heNOS anTHROpou, IeSOU ChrisTOU, eis tous polLOUS e-peRISseu-sen.
and the gift by grace which is of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many.
e. 5:16 VITAL RIGHTEOUSNESS REMOVES ALL CONDEMNATION
kai ouch hos di' heNOS ha-marTEsan-tos, to DOre-ma :
And not as through the one that sinned, is the gift:
to men gar KRIma  - ex heNOS eis kaTAkri-ma ,
for the judgment - it came of one unto condemnation,
to de CHAris-ma  ek polLON pa-rap-toMAton  eis diKAIo-ma .
but the free gift came of many trespasses unto justification.
f. 5:17 AUTHORITY IS RESTORED THROUGHTHE GIFT OF VITAL RIGHTEOUSNESS
ei gar, to tou heNOS pa-rapTOma-ti, ho THAna-tos e-baSIleu-sen  diA tou heNOS;
For if, by the trespass of the one, :death reigned through the one;
polLO MALlon hoi ten pe-risSEIan  tes CHAri-tos
much rather shall they that receive the abundance of grace
kai tes do-reAS  tes di-kai-oSUnes lamBAnon-tes
and of the gift of :righteousness
en zo-E ba-siLEUsou-sin diA tou heNOS, IeSOU ChrisTOU.
reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ.
g. 5:18 DISOBEDIENCE BROUGHT CONDEMNATION: OBEDIENCE BROUGHT VITAL RIGHTEOUSNESS
Ara oun hos di' heNOS pa-rapTOma-tos , eis PANtas anTHROpous eis kaTAkri-ma ;
So then as through one trespass, it is unto all men unto condemnation;
HOUtos kai di' heNOS di-kaiOma-tos  eis PANtas anTHROpous eis diKAIo-sin  zo-ES .
even so through one act of righteousness it is unto all men unto justification of life.
h. 5:19 DISOBEDIENCE MAKES SINNERS: OBEDIENCE IMPARTS RIGHTEOUSNESS
HOSper gar diA tes pa-ra-koES tou heNOS anTHROpou ha-mar-toLOI ka-teSTAthe-san hoi polLOI,
For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners,
HOUtos kai diA tes hu-pa-koES tou heNOS DIkai-oi ka-ta-staTHEson-tai hoi polLOI.
thus also through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.
i. 5:20-21 LAW AGGRAVATES SIN: GRACE RELEASES LIFE THROUGH RIGHTEOUSNESS
NOmos de pa-reiSELthen , HIna ple-oNAseto paRAPto-ma ;
And law came in besides, that the trespass abound;
hou de e-pleOna-sen heha-marTIa, hu-pe-re-peRISseu-sen heCHAris:
but where :sin abounded :grace surpassed far more:
HIna, HOSper e-baSIleu-sen heha-marTIa en tothaNAto,
21that, just as :sin reigned in :death,
HOUtos kai heCHAris ba-siLEUsediA di-kai-oSUnes
thus also might :grace reign through righteousness
eis zo-EN aiOni-on diA IeSOU ChrisTOU tou KuRIou heMON.
unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our :Lord.
NOTE: Bible Numerics establishes this chapter as an integral part of Romans 5-8. These latter 3 chapters find the key and basis of their understanding through a careful study of chapter 5.
It is here that we gain insight how because of the sin of the first Adam, that through him the entire human race became corrupted and contaminated. But so through one man, the second Adam, the entire human race received the potential gift of forgiveness, cleansing and reconciliation. Of course, a legal pardon offered, does not become viable until accepted - but the potential for every member of the human race is there - because of Jesus' “Finished Work” of Atonement at the Cross. Jesus was born to die! Thiswas the great point of His coming as man.
And what makes this legal transaction viable - once accepted? The gift(do-reA) of the Holy Spirit! 11 times this word giftappears in the New Testament, and this chapter introduces the last 6 references in the 14 letters. (One is in the Gospels and 4 in the book of Acts.)
Note its use in 5:15. Here Paul by the Holy Spirit describes it as the gift of grace, that aboundedunto many!
This hearkens back to the statement of Jesus who said that He had come to bring life (zo-E), and to bring it more abundantly! The life He brings to dwell within us is not a well from which we draw water - but an artesianwellthat evermore flows into everlasting life. See John 7:37-39 where Jesus describes the experience of the indwelling Holy Spirit as rivers of living water- a veritable Niagara Falls! The first reference to this word is in John 4:10, where Jesus tells the woman of Samaria that the gift(do-reA) is living water! Is this the description of the indwelling Holy Spirit in you? If it is not yet - it canbe! Don't quit seeking until you too have a Rees Howells experience of the Holy Spirit possessing and flowing through you!
In Romans 5:17 Paul calls this the giftof righteousness - abundance of grace- by which we reign in lifeby the one, Jesus Christ. The Atonement and the Holy Spirit are 2 sides of the same coin. In the Old Testament liturgy - anointing was first with blood, and thenwith oil! In the 3 great Festivals of Israel, Passover points to Calvary and Jesus' Atonement, and 50 days later, the counting of the Omer - is Pentecost. The two are again intimately tied together.
So this chapter - Romans 5 - sets forth the Atonement in the clearest possible manner - and Romans 8:12-39 powerfully links it with the Holy Spirit.
Peter in Acts 2:38 uses this word gift(do-reA), and in this “Peter Package” insolubly ties together repentance on the basis of atonement, baptism sealing it, and the gift(do-reA) of the Holy Spirit - completing it! Let us not sell ourselves short! Let us have the fullBiblical presentation. J.A.W.