Picture of Pastors Jim and Marie Watt
Pastors Jim and Marie Watt

Two Are Better Than One

(From: LUKE #5 - 2:22-52)


C. 2:22-38 SIMEON AND ANNA PROPHESY OVER JESUS

1. 2:22-24 FORTIETH DAY CLEANSING FOR MARY

Kai HOte ePLESthe-san hai heMErai tou ka-tha-risMOU [2572]auTON kaTA ton NOmon Mo-uSEos,

And when the days of their :purification according to the law of Moses were fulfilled,

aNEga-gon auTON eis Ie-roSOlu-ma, pa-raSTEsai [3936]to KuRIo

they brought him up to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord

(kaTHOS GEgrap-tai en NOmoKuRIou,

23(as itis written in the law of theLord,

[HOti] Pan ARsen [730] di-aNOIgon [1272] MEtran [3388]HAgi-on to KuRIokleTHEse-tai),

[that] Every male that opens thewomb shall be called holy to the Lord),

kai tou DOUnai thuSIan [2378] kaTA to ei-reMEnon en toNOmo KuRIou,

24and to :offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of theLord,

ZEUgos [2201] truGOnon [5167], e DUo nosSOUS [2502] pe-ri-steRON [4058].

A pair of turtle-doves, or two young pigeons.


2. 2:25-35 SIMEON'S PROPHECY

a. 2:25 A DESCRIPTION OF SIMEON

Kai iDOU, ANthro-pos en en Ie-rou-saLEM, ho Ono-ma Su-meON;

And lo, a man was in Jerusalem, Simeon by name;

kai ho ANthro-pos HOUtos DIkai-os kai eu-laBES [2126],

and this :man was righteous and devout,

pros-deCHOme-nos [4327] paRAkle-sin [3874]tou Is-raEL: kai PNEUma en HAgi-on ep' auTON.

looking for the consolation of :Israel: and theHoly Spirit was upon him.


b. 2:26 SIMEON'S REVELATION

kai en auTOke-chre-ma-tisMEnon [5537]huPO tou PNEUma-tos tou HaGIou,

And it had been revealed to him by the Holy :Spirit,

meiDEIN THAna-ton, prin ean Ide ton ChrisTON KuRIou.

that he should not see death, before he had seen the Christ of theLord.


c. 2:27-32 THE REVELATION FULFILLED

kai ELthen en to PNEUma-ti eis to hi-eRON: kai en toei-sa-gaGEIN tous goNEIS to paiDIon IeSOUN,

And he came in the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents :brought in the child Jesus,

tou poiEsai auTOUS kaTA to ei-thisMEnon [1480]tou NOmou peRI auTOU,

to :do concerning him after the custom of the law,

kai auTOS eDExa-to auTO eis tas agKAlas [43], kai euLOge-sen ton TheON, kai EIpen,

28 HE also received him into his :arms, and blessed :God, and said,

Nun a-poLUeis [630] ton DOU-LON [1401] sou, DEspo-ta [1203]

29Now let your :bondman depart, Master

kaTA to 'RE-MA sou, en eiREne; HOti EIdon hoi oph-thalMOI mou to soTEriON [4992]sou,

According to your :word, in peace; 30For my :eyes have seen your :salvation,

ho heTOIma-sas [2090]kaTA PROso-pon PANton ton laON;

31Which you have prepared before the face of all :peoples;

phos eis a-poKAlu-psin [652]ethNON, kai DOxan laOU sou Is-raEL.

32A light for revelation to thenations, And theglory of your people Israel.


d. 2:33-35 THE SOBER SIDE OF SIMEON'S REVELATION

kai en ho paTER auTOU kai he MEter thauMAzon-tes [2296], ePI tois la-louMEnois peRI auTOU;

And his :father was marveling, and his:mother, at the thingsspoken concerning him;

kai euLOge-sen auTOUS Su-meON, kai EIpen pros Ma-riAM ten meTEra auTOU,

34and Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mariam his :mother,

I-DOU, HOUtos KEItai [2749] eis PTOsin [4431]kai aNAsta-sin [386]

Lo, this childis set for thefalling and the rising

polLON en to Is-raEL; kai eis seMEIon an-ti-leGOme-non [483];

of many in :Israel; and for a sign spoken against;

kai sou auTES ten psuCHEN di-eLEUse-tai [1330]'romPHAIa [4501];

35and a sword shall pierce through your own :soul;

HOpos an a-po-ka-luphTHOsin [601]ek polLON kar-diON di-a-lo-gisMOI [1261].

that thoughts out of many hearts be revealed.


3. 2:36-38 ANNA'S PROPHECY

a. 2:36-37 DESCRIPTION OF AN EXTRAORDINARY DISCIPLE

kai en HANna, proPHEtis [4398], thuGAter Pha-nouEL,

And there was Anna, a prophetess, daughter of Phanuel,

ek phuLES [5443]A-SER (HAUtepro-be-beKUIa [4260]en heMErais polLAIS,

of the tribe of Asher (SHE was of great age,

ZEsa-sa meTA anDROS EtehepTA aPO tes par-theNIas [3932]auTES,

having lived with a husband seven years from her :virginity,

kai auTECHEra [5503]HEos eTON og-doEkon-ta tesSAron), heouk aPHIsta-to [868]tou hi-eROU,

37and SHE a widow even unto eighty-four years), who departed not from the temple,

neSTEI-ais [3521]kai deEse-sin [1162]laTREUou-sa NUKta kai heMEran.

worshiping with fastings and supplications night and day.


b. 2:38 ANNA IS LED TO SEE JESUS AND PREACH HIS REDEMPTION

kai auTEte HOra e-piSTAsa [2186]en-tho-mo-loGEIto [437]to TheO,

And coming up at that very hour she gave thanks to :God,

kai eLAlei peRI auTOU PAsin tois pros-de-choMEnois [4327] LUtro-sin [3085]Ie-rou-saLEM.

and spoke of him to all that were looking for theredemption of Jerusalem.


D. 2:39 LAW FULFILLED: THEN TO NAZARETH

Kai hos eTEle-san PANta ta kaTA ton NOmon KuRIou,

And when they had accomplished all the thingsaccording to the law of theLord,

ePEstre-psan eis ten Ga-liLAIan, eis POlin he-auTON Na-zaRET.

they returned to :Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.


E. 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong, filled with wisdom: and God's grace was upon him.

To de paiDIon EUxa-nen [837], kai e-kra-taiOUto, pleROUme-non soPHIa: kai CHAris TheOU en ep' auTO.


F. 2:41-52 JESUS AT TWELVE

1. 2:41-51 JESUS TWELVE - SIGNIFICANT: PONDER

a. 2:41 And his :parents went every year to Jerusalem at the feast of the passover.

Kai e-poREUon-to hoi goNEIS auTOU kat' Etos eis Ie-rou-saLEM te he-orTEtou PAScha [3957].


b. 2:42-45 JESUS' TRIP TO JERUSALEM AT TWELVE

kai HOte eGEne-to eTON DOde-ka, a-na-baiNONton auTON kaTA Ethos [1486]tes he-orTES [1859];

And when he was twelve years old, they went up after the custom of the feast;

kai te-lei-oSANton [5048]tas heMEras, en tohu-poSTREphein [5290]auTOUS,

43and when they had fulfilled the days, as they were :returning,

huPEmei-nen [5278] IeSOUS ho pais en Ie-rou-saLEM; kai ouk EGno-san hoi goNEIS auTOU;

the boy Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and his :parents knew itnot;

noMIsan-tes [3543] de auTON EInai en tesu-noDIa [4923],

44but supposing him to be in the company,

ELthon heMEras hoDON, kai a-neZEtoun auTON en tois sug-geNEUsin [4773]kai tois gnoSTOIS [1110];

they went a day's journey, and sought for him among their :kinsfolk and :acquaintances;

kai meheuRONtes, huPEstre-psan [5290]eis Ie-rou-saLEM, a-na-zeTOUNtes [327]auTON.

45and not finding him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking for him.


c. 2:46-47 JESUS' PARENTS FIND HIM IN THE TEMPLE

kai eGEne-to, meTA heMEras treis HEUron auTON en tohi-eRO,

And it came to pass, after three days they found him in the temple,

ka-theZOme-non en MEsoton di-daSKAlon, kai aKOUon-ta auTON, kai e-pe-roTONta [1905]auTOUS:

sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hearing them, and asking them questions:

eXIstan-to [1839] de PANtes hoi aKOUon-tes auTOU ePI tesuNEsei [4907]kai tais a-poKRIse-sin [612]auTOU.

47and all that heard him were amazed at his:understanding and his :answers.


d. 2:48 THE ASTONISHMENT OF JESUS' PARENTS

kai iDONtes auTON, e-xePLAge-san [1605]; kai EIpen pros auTON heMEter auTOU,

And when they saw him, they were astonished; and his :mother said unto him,

TEKnon, ti ePOIe-sas heMIN HOUtos? iDOU, ho paTER sou kai eGOo-duNOme-noi zeTOU-MEN se.

Child, why have you thus dealt with us? lo, your father and I seek you sorrowing.


e. 2:49 JESUS' ANSWER

kai EIpen pros auTOUS, Ti HOti e-xeTEI-TE me?

And he said unto them, How is it that you sought me?

ouk Edei-te HOti en tois tou paTROS mou dei EI-NAI me.

did you not know that I must be about my :father's business.

f. 2:50 And THEY did not understand the saying which he spoke to them.

kai auTOI ou suNEkan[4920] to 'REma ho eLAle-sen auTOIS.


g. 2:51 EXAMPLE OF JESUS

kai kaTEbemet' auTON, kai ELthen eis Na-zaRET; kai en hu-po-tasSOme-nos [5293]auTOIS:

And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth; and was subject to them:

kai heMEter auTOU di-eTErei [1301]PANta ta 'REma-ta en te karDIa auTES.

and his :mother kept all the sayings in her :heart.


2. 2:52 And Jesus advanced in :wisdom and stature, and in grace with God and men.

Kai IeSOUS proEkop-ten [4298]te soPHIa [4678]kai he-liKIa [2244], kai CHAri-ti paRA TheOkai anTHROpois.


NOTE: 1:22-24 - The days of purification for the mother having a boy was 40 days; for a girl, 80 days. God set this law up through Moses for Israel during the time they awaited the coming of Messiah. It is not a put-down, for Luke shows how Jesus, the now-comeMessiah - gave such regard and care for women.


2:25-35 - This is one of the most remarkable prophecies in Scripture. Imagine God giving pre-warning to Simeon, that he would not see death before firstseeing God's Messiah. And then came this remarkable prophetic word concerning Jesus. God's salvation, the initial coming, was a baby! He would be first a light for all nations - Gentiles - and then Glory for Israel. But, His reception by Israel would be refused, and great pain and sorrow for His mother after the flesh. Allthese words were fulfilled.


2:36-38 - Then we read of the extraordinary confirmation that God gave through Anna of the tribe of Asher. Members of all 10 tribes of the Northern Kingdom Israel were invited to return with Judah under the gracious mandate of King Cyrus of Persia. Also, many of the tribes joined Judah with Levi during the reign of King Hezekiah - because of the gross idolatry fostered by Jeroboam. He feared the loss of his people should he not continue to have a duplicate idolatrous type of worship over against God's pattern given to the House of David.


So - all tribes are represented in the tribe of Judah, as illustrated by Anna of Asher. James addressed all 12 tribes in the Diaspora or Scattering. In God's sight they are not lost. Judah today doeshave the right to the name Israel, in spite of those rejecting her through British Israel and Replacement Theology.


2:41-51 - Bar Mitzvah for Jewish boys at the time of Jesus took place at the age of 12. Rabbis changed this to 13 in later centuries. Again - an example of making void the word of God by the tradition of the elders. The Torah, the Teaching of the complete OT including the Pentateuch, the law of Moses - in God's eyes takes precedence over all tradition in the Talmud and Mishnah. This is not to say that there are not things in these latter two areas that do not have merit; - but - nothingcan supersede the Word of the Lord! Itis the only Plumbline to evaluate allteaching of all men, Jew and Gentile. And - according to Hebrews 8:6, Godhas made the New Covenant of equal stature with the Old Covenant. The early church did not have the New Testament to go by at the beginning in printed form. According to the teaching of Jesus and His apostle, that later became the New Testament. The Old Testament was used as the basis of teaching for the church in the beginning, but understood and interpreted in the light of New Testament teaching. Thisis what enraged Jewish leaders and led them to crucify Jesus, and with Gentiles slay all but one of the 12 apostles. John alone lived out his life on the Isle of Patmos, and received from Jesus through an angel the Book of Revelation, consummating the New Testament.


Luke 2:52 sets forth the 4-fold development of Jesus from His bar Mitzvah to His dual baptism at the time of John the Baptist. This verse bears much meditation. We should ask God that the Heredity of Jesus in the Holy Spirit should earlyenter allour children, and enable them to develop in like manner as did Jesus. Note also, that God ordained that His ministry should not begin till He was 30 - fully mature in His manhood. Then in 3 short years He taught and healed - but primarily prepared to make His life an Atonement for sin on Calvary - yours and mine. J.A.W.