(From: LUKE #37 - 20:27-21:4)
B. 20:27-44 JESUS SILENCES SADDUCEES AND ALL CRITICS
1. 20:27-40 THE SILENCING OF ALL OTHER CRITICS
a. 20:27-28 THE SADDUCEES COMMENCE THEIR TEST
pro-selTHONtes DE ti-nes ton Sad-douKAIon 
And some of the Sadducees came to him
(hoi LEgon-tes aNAsta-sin  meEInai), e-peROte-san auTON,
(who say there is no resurrection), andasked him,
LEgon-tes, DiDAska-le, Mo-uSES Egra-psen huMIN, eAN ti-nos a-delPHOS a-poTHAne,
28saying, Teacher, Moses wrote to us, If one's brother die,
Echon guNAIka, kai HOUtos Atek-nos e, HIna LAbeho a-delPHOS auTOU
having a wife, and HE be childless, that his :brother
ten guNAIka, kai e-xa-naSTEseSPERma to a-delPHOauTOU.
should take the wife, and raise up seed to his :brother.
b. 20:29-31 THE SEVEN BROTHERS
hepTA oun a-delPHOI Esan: kai ho PROtos laBON guNAIka,
Accordingly there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife,
aPEtha-nen Atek-nos; kai ho DEUte-ros: kai ho TRItos Ela-ben auTEN;
anddied childless; 30and the second: 31and the third took her;
hoSAUtos de kai hoi hepTA ou kaTEli-pon TEKna, kai aPEthanon.
and likewise the seven also left no children, and died.
c. 20:32 Afterward the woman also died. HUste-ron kai heguNEaPEtha-nen.
d. 20:33 In the resurrection therefore whose wife of them shall the woman be? for the seven had her to wife.
he guNE oun en te a-naSTAsei TInos auTON GIne-tai guNE? hoi gar hepTA ESchon auTEN guNAIka.
e. 20:34-36 JESUS REVEALS TRUE NATURE OF RESURRECTION SAINTS
kai EIpen auTOIS ho IeSOUS, Hoi huiOI tou aiOnos TOUtou gaMOUsin , kai
And :Jesus said to them, The sons of this :age marry, and are given
gaMIskon-tai : hoi de ka-ta-xi-oTHENtes  tou aiOnos eKEInou tuCHEIN ,
in marriage: 35but those accounted worthy to attain to that :age,
kai tes a-naSTAse-os tes ek neKRON, OUte gaMOUsin, OUte gaMIzon-tai:
and the resurrection :from thedead, neither marry, nor are married off:
ouDE gar a-po-thaNEIN Eti DUnan-tai: iSAGge-loi  GAR ei-sin;
36for neither can they die any more: for they are equals ofangels;
kai huiOI ei-sin TheOU, tes a-naSTAse-os huiOI ONtes.
and are God's sons, being sons of the resurrection.
f. 10:37 NOW JESUS TURNS THE TABLES ON THEM
HOti de eGEIron-tai hoi NEkroi, kai Mo-uSES eMEnu-sen , ePI tes BAtou , hos LEgei KUri-on
But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the Bush passage, when he calls theLord
ton TheON A-braAM, kai TheON I-saAK, kai TheON IaKOB.
the God of Abraham, and God of Isaac, and God of Jacob.
g. 20:38 Now he is not God of thedead, but of theliving: for all live to him.
TheOS de ouk EStin neKRON, alLA ZONton : PANtes gar auTOZOsin.
h. 20:39 And certain of the scribes answering said, Teacher, you have well said.
a-po-kriTHENtes DE ti-nes ton gram-maTEon EIpan, DiDAska-le, kaLOS EIpas.
i. 20:40 For they dared no more ask him anything.
ouKEti gar eTOLmon e-pe-roTAN auTON ouDEN.
2. 20:41-44 DAVID RECOGNIZED CHRIST AS MORE THAN HIS SON
a. 20:41 And he said unto them, How say they that the Christ is David's Son?
EIpen de pros auTOUS, Pos LEgou-sin ton ChrisTON EInai DauID huiON?
b. 20:42-43 JESUS' USE OF PSALM 110
auTOS gar DauID LEgei en BIBlo  PsalMON , EIpen KUri-os to kuRIo mou,
For David himself says in thebook of Psalms, TheLord said to my :Lord,
KAthou  ek de-xiON mou, HEos an tho tous echTHROUS sou hu-poPOdi-on  ton poDON sou.
Sit on my right, 43Till I set your :enemies asa footstool to your :feet.
c. 20:44 David therefore calls him Lord, and how is he his son?
DauID oun auTON KUri-on kaLEI, kai pos auTOU huiOS es-tin?
C. 20:45-21:4 CONTRAST OF ATTITUDE TOWARDS WEALTH
1. 20:45-47 BEWARE: SCRIBES! HYPOCRISY BRINGS GREATER JUDGMENT
A-KOUon-tos de panTOS tou laOU EIpen tois ma-theTAIS,
And in thehearing of all the people he said to his:disciples,
ProSEche-te  aPO ton gram-maTEon, ton theLONton pe-ri-paTEIN en stoLAIS ,
46Beware of the scribes, who desire to walk in robes,
kai phiLOUNton a-spasMOUS  en tais a-goRAIS,
and love salutations in the markets,
kai pro-to-ka-theDRIas  en tais su-na-goGAIS, kai pro-to-kliSIas  en tois DEIPnois ;
and chief seats in the synagogues, and chief places at the feasts;
hoi ka-tesTHIou-sin  tas oiKIas ton cheRON , kai proPHAsei 
47who devour the houses of the widows, and for a pretense
maKRA proSEUchon-tai: HOUtoi LEMpson-tai pe-risSOte-ron KRIma .
make long prayers: these shall receive greater condemnation.
2. 21:1-4 HOW TO EVALUATE THE WORTH OF A GIFT
a. 21:1 And he looked up, andsaw therich casting their :gifts into the treasury.
A-naBLEpsas de, EIden tous BALlon-tas eis to ga-zo-phuLAki-on ta DOra auTON plouSIous.
b. 21:2 And he saw a certain poor widow casting in there two mites.
EIden DE ti-na CHEran pe-niCHRAN BALlou-san eKEI lepTA DUo.
c. 21:3-4 HIS ACCURATE EVALUATION
kai EIpen, A-leTHOS LEgo huMIN HOti he CHEra HAUte he ptoCHE PLEIon PANton Eba-len:
And he said, I tell you truly that this :poor :widow cast in more than theyall:
PANtes gar HOUtoi ek tou pe-resSEUon-tos auTOIS Eba-lon eis ta DOra;
4for all these did of their :superfluity cast in unto the gifts;
HAUte de ek tou hu-steREma-tos  auTES PANta ton BIon  hon EIchen Eba-len.
but SHE of her :want cast in all the living that she had.
NOTE: (2010-12-28) - 20:27-40 - Jesus Silences His Critics - The Sadducees did not believe in angels nor the resurrection, while the Pharisees believed in both - but unfortunately the latter made void the word of God by adding to it their nullifying traditions.
So the Sadducees put Jesus to the test with a hypothetical situation. Jesus countered with a statement that they did not understand the Scriptures, nor the power of God. To enforce this statement, He quoted Moses, who called God the God (now) of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the resurrectedstate. Jesus knew - for He came from the Glory - and saw them there. It is interesting to note that when we receive our resurrected state, we too are then like the angels, and do not there marry, nor are given in marriage. Some of the Pharisees commended Jesus for His excellent reply to the Sadducees.
20:41-44 - Jesus' application of Psalm 110 completely silenced the Pharisees concerning Messiah's relationship to David. He was prophesied to be David's son. Yet David called his Messianic seed to come - his Lord, saying - the Lord (Heavenly Father) invited His Son the Messiah as :Lord also, to sit at His right! This indeedconfused the Pharisees.
20:45-47 - Then to His disciples Jesus exposed the hypocrisy of the scribes - who cared little for the people they were supposed to shepherd - only for their own self-importance!
21:1-4 - Again our Lord exposed the hypocrisy of the Jewish rich, who did not give where it hurt - but from their abundance. A widow who gave all she had, though little in amount - yet in God's sight measured more than all gifts given out of abundance. Thisis an insight of righteousjudgment. We need to see all things from God's view-point, notman's. Ostentation from man's view point is hypocrisy with God! J.A.W.